[Wildflower Bloom in Central and Eastern Oregon: 2011]

Canyon Mountain Trail # 218

Strawberry Mountain Wilderness

August 19, 2011

Felwort: Swertia perennis

Felwort: Swertia perennis

* indicates wildflowers currently in bloom.

The Canyon Mt. Trail Road currently (as of August 19) has large swales (reminiscent of giant washboards) that are hazardous to low-slung vehicles and make your auto feel like a bucking and careening bronco. It is somewhat in worse condition in sections than it was in mid-June. It is a doable drive in a small vehicle but you need to look ahead and steer around the swales. Hopefully the county road crew will get up there to blade and smooth out the road. Also keep a watch out for ATVs, 4WD vehicles, and dirt bikes speeding down the road or crossing the road via the numerous trails that criss-cross the route. Along the trail, most of the open areas are botanically on the decline but the vegetation beneath the trees is still going strong while the plants in the moist areas where there are seeps or stream crossings are still doing just fine.

Comprehensive Plant List for Canyon Mt.

Wallace's Spikemoss: Selaginella wallacei

Ferriss' Scouring Rush: Equisetum xferrissii

Indian's Dream: Aspidotis densa

Northwestern Lady Fern: Athyrium filix-femina ssp. cyclosorum

Lace Lipfern: Cheilanthes gracillima

Hollyfern: Polystichum lonchitis

Bracken Fern: Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens

California White Fir: Abies concolor x Abies grandis

Low Mounatain Juniper: Juniperus communis var. saxatilis

Western Juniper: Juniperus occidentalis

Western Larch: Larix occidentalis

Lodgepole Pine: Pinus contorta var. latifolia

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii

Mountain Alder: Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia

Water Birch: Betula occidentalis

Elk Sedge: Carex geyeri

* Inland Sedge: Carex interior

* Woodrush Sedge: Carex luzulina

* Snowbank Sedge: Carex scirpoidea var. scirpoidea

* Spikerush: Eleocharis sp.

* Lemmon's Needlegrass: Achnatherum lemmonii, Common Western Needlegrass: Achnatherum occidentale ssp. pubescens, or Thurber's Needlegrass: Achnatherum thurberianum

* Bordered California Brome: Bromus carinatus var. marginatus ?

* Orcutt's Brome: Bromus orcuttianus ?

* Pinegrass: Calamagrostis rubescens

* Bottlebrush Squirreltail: Elymus elymoides

* Idaho Fescue: Festuca idahoensis

* Red Fescue: Festuca rubra

* Vanilla Grass: Anthoxanthum hirtum (Hierochloe odorata) ?

Sandberg's Bluegrass: Poa secunda ssp. secunda - Going to seed.

Bluebunch Wheatgrass: Pseudoroegneria spicata - Past bloom.

* Nodding Trisetum: Trisetum cernuum ?

Tolmie's Onion: Allium tolmiei - Going to seed.

* Pacific Swamp Onion: Allium validum

* Sagebrush Mariposa: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus

Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum var. grandiflorum - Going to seed.

False Solomon Seal: Maianthemum racemosum ssp. amplexicaule - Berries forming.

Star-flowered False Solomon's Seal: Maianthemum stellatum - Berries forming.

* Claspingleaf Twistedstalk: Streptopus amplexifolius - Finishing bloom and some berries ripening.

* Mountain Deathcamas: Anticlea elegans (Zigadenus elegans)

Western Blue Flag: Iris missouriensis ? - Did not bloom this year.

Fairy Slipper: Calypso bulbosa - Going to seed.

* Rattlesnake Plantain: Goodyera oblongiflora

Broad-lipped Twayblade: Listera convallarioides - Past bloom.

* Alaska Rein Orchid: Piperia unalascensis

* Long-spurred Bog Orchid: Platanthera dilatata var. leucostachys - Plants stout, often in large, tight clusters with the upper stems chewed off by deer or elk.

American Bistort: Bistorta bistortoides

* Piper's Golden Buckwheat: Eriogonum flavum var. piperi - Beginning to fade out of bloom.

* Parsnipflower Buckwheat: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides - Fading out of bloom.

Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum (var. proliferum ?) - In bud.

* Sulfur Flower Buckwheat: Eriogonum umbellatum (var. majus ?, ex variety subalpinum) - cream-flowered inflorescence

* Sheep Sorrel: Rumex acetosella

Prickly Sandwort: Eremogone aculeata

Ballhead Sandwort: Eremogone congesta var. congesta - Past bloom.

Brittle Sandwort: Minuartia nuttallii var. fragilis - Long past bloom.

Bigleaf Sandwort: Moehringia macrophylla

* Douglas' Campion: Silene douglasii var. douglasii

* Oregon Campion: Silene oregana

Baneberry: Actaea rubra - Berries are turning bright red.

* Western Columbine: Aquilegia formosa

* Columbia Monkshood: Aconitum columbianum ssp. columbianum - Blue, cream and blue-cream flowers on different individuals.

Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum var. nuttallianum

Little Buttercup: Ranunculus uncinatus

Creeping Oregon Grape: Berberis repens

* Lance-leaved Stonecrop: Sedum lanceolatum

Nuttall's Draba: Draba densifolia - Going to seed.

Rough Wallflower: Erysimum capitatum var capitatum - Going to seed.

Heartleaf Jewelflower: Streptanthus cordatus - Going to seed.

Alpine Alumroot: Heuchera cylindrica var. alpina - Past bloom.

Mitrewort: Mitella stauropetala or Mitella trifida - Past bloom.

* Streambank Saxifrage: Saxifraga odontoloma - Fading out of bloom.

* Fringed Grass-of-Parnassus: Parnassia fimbriata var. fimbriata

Wax Currant: Ribes cereum var. cereum

Prickly Currant: Ribes lacustre - Berries forming.

Sticky Currant: Ribes viscosissimum

Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia (var. ?)

Mountain Mahogany: Cercocarpus ledifolius var. ledifolius

Woods Strawberry: Fragaria vesca ssp. bracteata

Broadpetal Strawberry: Fragaria virginiana ssp. platypetala

Prairie Smoke: Geum triflorum ssp. ciliatum - Whiskery fruits present.

* Rock Spiraea: Holodiscus microphyllus var. glabrescens

Diverse-leaved Cinquefoil: Potentilla glaucophylla var. glaucophylla

Sticky Cinquefoil: Potentilla glandulosa var. glandulosa

Sticky Cinquefoil: Potentilla glandulosa var. nevadensis

Bittercherry: Prunus emarginata var. emarginata

* Pearhip Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana - Fading out of bloom.

North American Red Raspberry: Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus - Fruits forming.

* Thimbleberry: Rubus parviflorus - Fading out of bloom.

* Sitka Burnet: Sanguisorba stipulata (S. canadensis)

Cascade Mountain Ash: Sorbus scopulina

* Shining Spiraea: Spiraea betulifolia

* Spurred Lupine: Lupinus arbustus - Fading out of bloom.

Hooked Spur Violet: Viola adunca

Roundleaf Violet: Viola orbiculata

* Western St. John's Wort: Hypericum scouleri ssp. scouleri

Snowbrush: Ceanothus velutinus var. velutinus

Soapberry: Shepherdia canadensis - Red berries ripening.

* Fireweed: Chamerion angustifolium

* Annual Willowherb: Epilobium brachycarpum

* Sharptooth Angelica: Angelica arguta

* Fennel Cymopteris: Cymopterus terebinthinus var. foeniculaceus - Fading out of bloom.

* Gray's Lovage: Ligustium grayi - Fading out of bloom.

Common Sweet-cicely: Osmorhiza berteroi - Fruits forming.

Creek Dogwood: Cornus sericea - Berries are green.

Pinemat Manzanita: Arctostaphylos nevadensis

* Pipsissewa: Chimaphila umbellata

Sidebells Wintergreen: Orthilia secunda - Just past bloom.

* Pinedrops: Pterospora andromedea

White-vein Wintergreen: Pyrola picta

Thinleaf Huckleberry: Vaccinium membranaceum ? - Berries are ripening.

Grouseberry: Vaccinium scoparium - Berries are ripe.

Spreading Dogbane: Apocynum androsmaeifolium

* Felwort: Swertia perennis

Tall Mountain Shooting Star: Dodecatheon jeffreyi - All plants are now past bloom.

Cusick's Elkweed: Frasera albicaulis var. cusickii - Going to seed.

Phlox: Phlox sp.

Purple Phacelia: Phacelia hastata var. alpina

* Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima - Covered with skippers and pine whites.

* Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei (var. pintetorum ?) - Fading out of bloom.

* Narrow-leaved Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia - Fading out of bloom.

* Common Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata ?

* Common Monkeyflower: Mimulus guttatus - Fading out of bloom.

Elephantheads: Pedicularis groenlandica - Past bloom.

* Tapertip Penstemon: Penstemon attenuatus var. palustris - Fading out of bloom.

Yellow Penstemon: Penstemon confertus - Just past bloom.

Shrubby Penstemon: Penstemon fruticosus var. fruticosus

* American Brooklime: Veronica americana

* Northern Bedstraw: Galium boreale

* Shrubby Bedstraw: Galium multiflorum or Serpentine Bedstraw: Galium serpenticum

* Fragrant Bedstraw: Galium triflorum

* Twinflower: Linnaea borealis

Twinberry: Lonicera involucrata - Black fruits well-formed.

* Blue Elderberry: Sambucus cerulea

Black Elderberry: Sambucus racemosa var. melanocarpa - Berries are green.

Mountain Snowberry: Symphoricarpos oreophilus

* Yarrow: Achillea millefolium - Fading out of bloom.

* Pearly Everlasting: Anaphalis margaritacea

* Rosy Pussytoes: Antennaria rosea

* Streambank Arnica: Arnica amplexifolius

* Heartleaf Arnica: Arnica cordifolia - Fading out of bloom.

Serrate Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza serrata

* Thistle: Cirsium brevifolium ?

Western Hawksbeard: Crepis occidentalis - Going to seed.

Hawksbeard: Crepis (accuminata or intermedia ?)

Showy Rubber Rabbitbrush: Ericameria nauseosa (var. speciosa ?) - In bud.

* Foreign Fleabane: Erigeron glacialis var. glacialis

* Woolly Sunflower: Eriophyllum lanatum var. integrifolium - Fading out of bloom.

* Western Boneset: Eupatorium occidentalis - Plants covered with pine whites, skippers, wood nymphs and fritillaries.

Showy Aster: Eurybia conspicua - Blooming along the road below the trailhead.

Entire-leaved Aster: Eurybia integrifolia - Leaves entire or very lightly serrate.

* White-flowered Hawkweed: Hieracium albiflorum

* Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri - Fading out of bloom.

* Colonial Silverback: Luina serpentina

* Woolly Groundsel: Packera cana - Fading out of bloom.

* Streambank Butterweed: Packera pseudaurea var. pseudaurea - Fading out of bloom.

* Rocky Mountain Butterweed: Packera streptanthifolia - Fading out of bloom.

* Narrowhead Goldenweed: Pyrrocoma carthamoides var. cusickii - Fading out of bloom.

*Arrowleaf Groundsel: Senecio triangularis

* Bush Wirelettuce: Stephanomeria tenuifolia

* Leafybract Aster: Symphyotrichum foliaceum var. parryi

Yellow Salsify: Tragopogon dubius


Animals seen along this route:

Chipmunk

Grouse (3)

Downy or Hairy Woodpecker - Heard from a distance.

Clark's Nutcrackers

Stellers Jays

Western Tanagers

Mountain Chickadee

Red-breasted Nuthatches

Hummingbirds (Anna's or Rufous ?)

Rattlesnake on the trail

Indira Swallowtail

Pine Whites

Fritillarys

Wood Nymphs

Skippers

Mid-sized Dragonflies

Flying Grasshoppers


View uphill to the east along the Canyon Mountain Trail #218, Strawberry Mt. Wilderness.............August 19, 2011. - Native grass and sedge understory along the Canyon Mountain Trail #218, Strawberry Mt. Wilderness..........August 19, 2011. - View north across the upper John Day River basin from the Canyon Mt. Trail #218, Strawberry Mt. Wilderness...........August 19, 2011.

Scenic views from the Canyon Mountain Trail #218, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness..............August 19, 2011. The photo at left shows the view up the Little Pine Creek drainage. The trail climbs steadily up the left side of the photo, then makes several switchbacks before crossing the creek and then continuing the climb to the grassy bald on the skyline at left. The center photo shows the nice native grass and sedge understory while the photo at right shows the view down Little Pine Creek canyon to the John Day River and forest-covered mountains beyond. The Greenhorn mountains are visible on the horizon at right.

Paul Slichter