[The Genus Eriogonum East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum

Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides

Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium

Inflorescence of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

Wyeth buckwheat as seen along the Umatilla Rim Trail #3080 near Tollgate in the Umatilla N.F........June 24, 2007.

Inflorescence of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)The photo at right shows the inflorescence of Wyeth buckwheat. Note the involucre with the long oblong lobes subtending the cluster of whitish flowers. Photographed along the Umatilla Rim Trail #3080 near Tollgate in the Umatilla N.F........June 24, 2007.
Characteristics:

Also known as creamy buckwheat, Wyeth buckwheat is an upright buckwheat to 10-40 cm tall, with numerous leaves both at the base and on the stems. Several varieties of this species have a whorl of large cauline leaves midway up the stem with a smaller whorl of leaves directly below where the inflorescence branches into an open umbel. The leaves and stems are covered with dense hairs, although the upper blade surface maybe somewhat greenish. The leaf blades are linear to oblanceolate in shape with rounded to acute tips, the base of the blade narrowing gradually to the petiole. The leaves range from 3-8 cm long.

The inflorescence is an umbel that is subtended by a whorl of leaf-like bracts. The primary rays are either simple or umbellately branched again. The woolly involucres are bell-shaped with linear to lanceolate lobes from 2-3 mm long. The involucral lobes may be spreading or reflexed. The glabrous perianth is creamy or white or occasionally tinged with yellow or rose.

Wyeth buckwheat is grazed by deer, elk and domestic sheep. Small rodents use the seeds as food.


Varieties:

variety angustifolium: Flowering stems with bracts at about midstem. Leaves narrow, usually less than 6 mm wide. Found east of the Cascade Mts. from British Columbia south to northeastern California and east to western Montana, Wyoming, Utah and Nevada. Infrequently found within the range of variety heracleoides.

variety heracleoides: Flowering stems with bracts at about midstem. Leaves 8-15 mm wide. Found in southeastern Washington, northeastern Oregon, and west-central Idaho.

variety leucophaeum (formerly var. minus): Flowering stems without bracts below the inflorescence. Found in Chelan, Kittitas and Douglas Counties and eastward to Spokane County in Washington.


Habitat:

Wyeth buckwheat is found from the lowlands to 6000 ft ridges, found in both Ponderosa Pine forests and sagebrush, and sandy or gravelly open areas.


Dorsal leaf surface of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium) - Ventral leaf surface of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

The photos above show the dorsal surface of the leaf blades (at left) and ventral surfaces (at right) of Wyeth buckwheat. Note that the ventral surfaces are covered with a dense coat of whitish hairs while the upper surface is glabrous or only lightly haired. Both photos were taken of plants seen near Hat Pt. in the Hells Canyon National Recreation Area.......July 8, 1999.

Range:

Wyeth buckwheat is a widespread species, from southern British Columbia south along the east side of the Cascades to northeast California and eastward to the Rocky Mts.


Uses:

Wyeth buckwheat should make a nice wildflower for the natural garden east of the Cascades.


Close-up of one portion of the inflorescence of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium) - Close-up of the inflorescence of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

Close-ups of the inflorescence of wyeth buckwheat as seen about one and one-half miles uphill to the northwest along the valley trail above the Painted Rocks trailhead, Little Spokane River Natural Area........July 5, 2011.

Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

Wyeth buckwheat blooming along the South Loop Road at the upper end of the Rooster Comb, Steens Mountain..........July 9, 2014.

Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium) - Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

The photo at left shows the floral stem and inflorescence of wyeth buckwheat as seen from meadows near Alder Thicket Campground, Umatilla N.F. in southeastern Washington.........June 25, 2007. Note the whorl of leaves or large bracts at mid-stem. The photo at right shows wyeth buckwheat thatas seen at Knothead Overlook at the high point of the Knothead Valley Trail, Little Spokane River Natural Area.........May 9, 2016.

Dorsal leaf surface of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

The photo above shows a close-up view of the greenish upper leaf surface of Wyeth buckwheat as see along the Umatilla Rim Trail #3080 near Tollgate in the Umatilla N.F........June 24, 2007.

Inflorescence of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

The photo above shows the branched inflorescence of Wyeth buckwheat as seen at Indian Rock, Wallowa-Whitman N.F. to the northwest of LaGrande, Or.........July 3, 2001.

Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium) - Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

The photo at left shows a nice cluster of wyeth buckwheat as seen from meadows near Alder Thicket Campground, Umatilla N.F. in southeastern Washington.........June 25, 2007. The photo at right shows wyeth buckwheat as seen on the east-facing slopes of the Hart Mt. ridgeline about a mile and a quarter west of Hot Springs Campground, Hart Mt. National Antelope Refuge.........June 9, 2016.

Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium) - Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

The two photos above show additional views of wyeth buckwheat as seen at Buckhorn Lookout in the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest of northeastern Oregon........July 9, 2007. (Click on each photo to see a larger version of each.)

Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium) - Inflorescence of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium) - Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium) - Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

Close-up views of wyeth buckwheat as seen in a small borrow pit on Steptoe Butte in eastern Washington........June 22, 2009.

Close-up photos of the inflorescence of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium) - Close-up view of the inflorescence of Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium) - Wyeth Buckwheat, Parsnipflower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flower Buckwheat, Parsnip-flowered Eriogonum: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides (Synonym: Eriogonum heracleoides var. angustifolium)

Additional close-up photos of wyeth buckwheat as seen in Joseph Canyon, in the Chief Joseph Wildlife Area of southern Asotin County, WA.........May 24, 2010.

Paul Slichter