[The Genus Monardella East of the Cascade Mts. of Oregon and Washington]

Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm

Monardella odoratissima

Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata

Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

Mountain monardella as seen about 5 miles west of Mission Peak, Wenatchee National Forest........July 24, 2009.

Characteristics:

Mountain monardella or coyote mint is an attractive, scented perennial with numerous stems arising from 10-50 cm in height. The older stems become somewhat woody below. The leaves have very short petioles and they are arranged opposite on the stem. They are lance-like to elliptical in shape, 1-3.5 cm long and 3-12 mm wide, and have entire margins. The herbage varies from nearly glabrous to covered with numerous gray hair

The inflorescence is a tight head of numerous slender, pale red-purple to dirty white flowers. The inflorescence is flat-topped and ranges from 1-4 cm wide. Distinct bracts from 7-15 mm long make up an involucre below the head. The individual corollas measure from 1-2 cm long with subequal lips, 3 narrow lobes making up the lower lip and two lobes the upper lip.

Coyote mint is a very nice wildflower for the rock garden, or dry east Cascades garden. Plants are smaller and short-lived west of the Cascades where they are susceptible to mildew. Keep other plants somewhat distant from them to ensure better air circulation.


Subspecies of Mountain Monardella:

ssp. discolor -

ssp. odoratissima -


Habitat:

Coyote mint is found in open, rocky places from the plains to medium elevations in the mountains.


Range:

Coyote mint is found east of the Cascade summit in Washington and Oregon. It may be found eastward to northern Idaho and Colorado and New Mexico, and south to southern California.


Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata) - Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

Mountain balm blooming (left) on flower-filled slopes along Summit Drive, Umatilla National Forest.........July 24, 2012. The photo at left shows coyote mint as seen along the Eureka Road about 2 miles north of Buckhorn Lookout in the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest in northeastern Oregon..........July 9, 2007.

Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata) - Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

This series of photos shows coyote mint as seen on rocky slopes atop Pine Mountain to the south of Millican, OR, Deschutes National Forest..........July 11, 2017.

Skipper nectaring on the flowers of Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

An unidentified skipper nectaring on the flowers of coyote mint as seen on steep serpentine gravel slopes along the Canyon Mountain Trail #218, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness..........August 19, 2011.

Flowers of Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata) - Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

Inflorescence of Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata) - Inflorescence of Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

Coyote mints blooming along the 808A Trail on Lookout Mountain about eight-tenths of a mile above the trailhead, Ochoco National Forest..........August 10, 2014.

Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

Coyote mint with numerous nectaring fritillaries as seen at the top of snowchute along the Round Mountain Trail #805 on the west-facing slopes of Round Mountain, Ochoco National Forest...........August 9, 2014.


Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata) - Inflorescence of Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

Coyote mint as seen on steep serpentine gravel slopes along the Canyon Mountain Trail #218, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness.........August 1, 2011.

Flowers of Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

The photo above shows mountain monardella from the northwest face of Table Mt., Wenatchee N.F........July 25, 1996.

Inflorescence and stem leaves of Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata) - Inflorescence of Coyote Mint, Monardella, Mountain Monardella: Monardella odoratissima

These photos give a sense of what the stem, opposite leaves and terminal inflorescence of coyote mint look like. Note also the long, narrow lobes of the corollas and the broad, leaf-like bracts immediately below. Photographed on steep open slopes on the lower half of the Fields Peak trail, Malheur NF..........July 15, 2003.

Monardella, Mountain Monardella, Western Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima (Synonyms: Monardella discolor, Monardella glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. discolor, Monardella odoratissima ssp. euodoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca, Monardella odoratissima ssp. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pallida, Monardella odoratissima ssp. pinetorum, Monardella odoratissima var. discolor, Monardella odoratissima var. glauca, Monardella odoratissima var. neglecta, Monardella odoratissima var. odoratissima, Monardella odoratissima var. ovata)

Coyote mint forms fairly tight clusters of numerous upright stems. The glaucous foliage and clusters of lavender to purplish flowers are very attractive. Photographed on steep open slopes on the lower half of the Fields Peak trail, Malheur NF..........July 15, 2003.

Paul Slichter