[Paintbrushes: The Genus Castilleja East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]
Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush
Castilleja applegatei var.
Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana
A mass of wavy-leaf paintbrush in bloom on slopes surrounding Calamity Lookout, Malheur National Forest...........July 18, 2010.
Photo at right
of wavy-leaved paintbrushfrom Hart Mt National Antelope Refuge, near
Plush, OR......July 5, 1996. Note the wavy leaf margins.
Applegate's paintbrush is also known as wavy-leaved paintbrush.
It is an attractive perennial wildflower with small clusters of ascending to
upright stems from 25-60 cm in height. The herbage is covered with gland-tipped
hairs. The stems are few- to many-branched with linear and entire lower leaves,
the upper leaves frequently broader with a pair of lateral lobes. The leaves
are linear to lanceolate in shape, measuring 1.5-4.5 cm long. The leaf margins
are conspicuously wavy-margined .
The colors of the glandular inflorescence range from bright
red, orange, to yellow. The bracts are as long as , or longer than the flowers,
and generally have 1-2 pairs of spreading lateral segments. The calyx is 16-24
mm long the upper surface more deeply cleft (5-12 mm) than the lower surface
(4-11 mm). The lateral calyx lobes are 4-5 mm long and ovate in shape wtih rounded
tips. The corolla is 18-30 mm long, the slightly curved galea measuring from
10-18 mm long and thus about half the length of the corolla. The lower lip is
much reduced in size with incurved teeth
This is a fairly easy paintbrush to identify due to the wavy
Wavy-leaved paintbrush is interspersed with sagebrush on dry
mountain slopes and summits from medium to high elevation.
Wavy-leaved paintbrush may be found from southeastern Oregon
south to central California (east of the Sierra Nevada), east through Idaho
to Wyoming, Utah and Nevada.
Examples of wavy-leaf paiantbrush as seen near the Antelope Mountain Lookout, Malheur National Forest.......July 3, 2010.
Wavy-leaf paintbrush blooming amongst mountain big sagebrush along the South Loop Road at the upper end of the Rooster Comb, Steens Mountain.........July 9, 2014.
Wavy-leaf paintbrush blooming along the Fremont National Recreation Trail #160 on the northwest-facing upper slopes of Hager Mountain, Fremont National Forest.........May 19, 2016.
Wavy-leaf paintbrush blooming along the Canyon Mountain Trail, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness...........May 29, 2014. The photo at right shows a close-up of the inflorescence of wavy-leaf paintbrush as seen along the Steins Pillar Trail, Ochoco National Forest.........May 21, 2017.
The photo above shows a close-up of the bract, calyx and corolla
of wavy-leaved paintbrush. Photographed along the south loop road of the Steens
Mt. Road, southeastern Oregon........June 28, 1998.
A yellow-flowered form of wavyleaf paintbrush as seen at left along the North Loop Road about one mile uphill from Jackman Park, Steens Mountain, Harney County, Washington.........August 31, 2011. The photo at right shows wavyleaf paintbrush as seen in drier prairie along Indian Creek, northwest corner of Big Summit Prairie, Ochoco National Forest......May 27, 2018.
Wavy-leaf paintbrush as seen along Forest Road 22 about 0.3 miles west of the junction with Forest Road 22-400, Ochoco National Forest.........May 10, 2017.
Wavy-leaved paintbrush as seen at left from the north loop of the Steens
Mt Road, Steens Mt........August 3, 1995. The photo at right shows wavy-leaved paintbrush as observed along FS Road 33 at the Steins Pillar Viewpoint, Ochoco National Forest.......May 18, 2018.