[Paintbrushes: The Genus Castilleja East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush

Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum

Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

A mass of wavy-leaf paintbrush in bloom on slopes surrounding Calamity Lookout, Malheur National Forest...........July 18, 2010.

Photo at right of wavy-leaved paintbrushfrom Hart Mt National Antelope Refuge, near Plush, OR......July 5, 1996. Note the wavy leaf margins.
Characteristics:

Applegate's paintbrush is also known as wavy-leaved paintbrush. It is an attractive perennial wildflower with small clusters of ascending to upright stems from 25-60 cm in height. The herbage is covered with gland-tipped hairs. The stems are few- to many-branched with linear and entire lower leaves, the upper leaves frequently broader with a pair of lateral lobes. The leaves are linear to lanceolate in shape, measuring 1.5-4.5 cm long. The leaf margins are conspicuously wavy-margined .

The colors of the glandular inflorescence range from bright red, orange, to yellow. The bracts are as long as , or longer than the flowers, and generally have 1-2 pairs of spreading lateral segments. The calyx is 16-24 mm long the upper surface more deeply cleft (5-12 mm) than the lower surface (4-11 mm). The lateral calyx lobes are 4-5 mm long and ovate in shape wtih rounded tips. The corolla is 18-30 mm long, the slightly curved galea measuring from 10-18 mm long and thus about half the length of the corolla. The lower lip is much reduced in size with incurved teeth

This is a fairly easy paintbrush to identify due to the wavy margins.


Habitat:

Wavy-leaved paintbrush is interspersed with sagebrush on dry mountain slopes and summits from medium to high elevation.


Range:

Wavy-leaved paintbrush may be found from southeastern Oregon south to central California (east of the Sierra Nevada), east through Idaho to Wyoming, Utah and Nevada.


Corolla of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Dorsal view of calyx and corolla of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Floral bract of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Floral parts of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Examples of wavy-leaf paiantbrush as seen near the Antelope Mountain Lookout, Malheur National Forest.......July 3, 2010.

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Inflroescence of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Wavy-leaf paintbrush blooming amongst mountain big sagebrush along the South Loop Road at the upper end of the Rooster Comb, Steens Mountain.........July 9, 2014.

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Wavy-leaf paintbrush blooming along the Fremont National Recreation Trail #160 on the northwest-facing upper slopes of Hager Mountain, Fremont National Forest.........May 19, 2016.

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Wavy-leaf paintbrush blooming along the Canyon Mountain Trail, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness...........May 29, 2014. The photo at right shows a close-up of the inflorescence of wavy-leaf paintbrush as seen along the Steins Pillar Trail, Ochoco National Forest.........May 21, 2017.


 Floral parts of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

The photo above shows a close-up of the bract, calyx and corolla of wavy-leaved paintbrush. Photographed along the south loop road of the Steens Mt. Road, southeastern Oregon........June 28, 1998.

A yellow form of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

A yellow-flowered form of wavyleaf paintbrush as seen at left along the North Loop Road about one mile uphill from Jackman Park, Steens Mountain, Harney County, Washington.........August 31, 2011. The photo at right shows wavyleaf paintbrush as seen in drier prairie along Indian Creek, northwest corner of Big Summit Prairie, Ochoco National Forest......May 27, 2018.

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Wavy-leaf paintbrush as seen along Forest Road 22 about 0.3 miles west of the junction with Forest Road 22-400, Ochoco National Forest.........May 10, 2017.

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Wavy-leaved paintbrush as seen at left from the north loop of the Steens Mt Road, Steens Mt........August 3, 1995. The photo at right shows wavy-leaved paintbrush as observed along FS Road 33 at the Steins Pillar Viewpoint, Ochoco National Forest.......May 18, 2018.

Paul Slichter