[Paintbrushes: The Genus Castilleja East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush

Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum

Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

A mass of wavy-leaf paintbrush in bloom on slopes surrounding Calamity Lookout, Malheur National Forest...........July 18, 2010.

Photo at right of wavy-leaved paintbrushfrom Hart Mt National Antelope Refuge, near Plush, OR......July 5, 1996. Note the wavy leaf margins.
Characteristics:

Applegate's paintbrush is also known as wavy-leaved paintbrush. It is an attractive perennial wildflower with small clusters of ascending to upright stems from 25-60 cm in height. The herbage is covered with gland-tipped hairs. The stems are few- to many-branched with linear and entire lower leaves, the upper leaves frequently broader with a pair of lateral lobes. The leaves are linear to lanceolate in shape, measuring 1.5-4.5 cm long. The leaf margins are conspicuously wavy-margined .

The colors of the glandular inflorescence range from bright red, orange, to yellow. The bracts are as long as , or longer than the flowers, and generally have 1-2 pairs of spreading lateral segments. The calyx is 16-24 mm long the upper surface more deeply cleft (5-12 mm) than the lower surface (4-11 mm). The lateral calyx lobes are 4-5 mm long and ovate in shape wtih rounded tips. The corolla is 18-30 mm long, the slightly curved galea measuring from 10-18 mm long and thus about half the length of the corolla. The lower lip is much reduced in size with incurved teeth

This is a fairly easy paintbrush to identify due to the wavy margins.


Habitat:

Wavy-leaved paintbrush is interspersed with sagebrush on dry mountain slopes and summits from medium to high elevation.


Range:

Wavy-leaved paintbrush may be found from southeastern Oregon south to central California (east of the Sierra Nevada), east through Idaho to Wyoming, Utah and Nevada.


Corolla of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Dorsal view of calyx and corolla of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Floral bract of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Floral parts of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Examples of wavy-leaf paiantbrush as seen near the Antelope Mountain Lookout, Malheur National Forest.......July 3, 2010.

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Inflroescence of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Wavy-leaf paintbrush blooming amongst mountain big sagebrush along the South Loop Road at the upper end of the Rooster Comb, Steens Mountain.........July 9, 2014.

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Wavy-leaf paintbrush blooming along the Fremont National Recreation Trail #160 on the northwest-facing upper slopes of Hager Mountain, Fremont National Forest.........May 19, 2016.

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Wavy-leaf paintbrush blooming along the Canyon Mountain Trail, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness...........May 29, 2014. The photo at right shows a close-up of the inflorescence of wavy-leaf paintbrush as seen along the Steins Pillar Trail, Ochoco National Forest.........May 21, 2017.


 Floral parts of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

The photo above shows a close-up of the bract, calyx and corolla of wavy-leaved paintbrush. Photographed along the south loop road of the Steens Mt. Road, southeastern Oregon........June 28, 1998.

A yellow form of Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

A yellow-flowered form of wavyleaf paintbrush as seen along the North Loop Road about one mile uphill from Jackman Park, Steens Mountain, Harney County, Washington.........August 31, 2011.

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) - Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Wavy-leaf paintbrush as seen along Forest Road 22 about 0.3 miles west of the junction with Forest Road 22-400, Ochoco National Forest.........May 10, 2017.

Applegate's Paintbrush, Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana)

Wavy-leaved paintbrush as seen from the north loop of the Steens Mt Road, Steens Mt........August 3, 1995.

Paul Slichter