[The Currant Family East of the Cascade Mts. of Oregon and Washington]

Bristly Currant, Bristly Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Swamp Currant, Swamp Gooseberry

Ribes lacustre

Synonyms: Limnobotrya lacustris, Ribes lacustre var. parvulum, Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre

Inflorescence of Bristly Currant, Bristly Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Swamp Currant, Swamp Gooseberry: Ribes lacustre (Synonyms: Limnobotrya lacustris, Ribes lacustre var. parvulum, Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre)

Close-up of the and leaves of prickly currant as seen along FS Road #2630 near Pisgah Meadows, Ochoco National Forest........June 13, 2015. Note the shallowly bowl-shaped flowers. This species has glabrous upper leaf surfaces which help differentiate it from the similar alpine prickly currant (Ribes montigenum) which generally has smaller leaves which are very glandular on the upper leaf surface.

Bristly Currant, Bristly Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Swamp Currant, Swamp Gooseberry: Ribes lacustre (Synonyms: Limnobotrya lacustris, Ribes lacustre var. parvulum, Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre)

Characteristics:

With its cleft, dark green leaves and small reddish-purple, saucer-shaped flowers, prickly currant can be an attractive shrub. However its stems are well armed with 3-5 parted spines at the nodes and many short, fine prickles between the nodes. It is definitely not a plant to blunder into! It is a shrub from 1-1.5 meters tall with spreading or ascending branches. The branches are smooth and reddish-brown. The leaves are simple but deeply 3-5 lobed, the lobes having blunt teeth along their edges. The blade is reminiscent of a maple leaf. Both leaf surfaces generally lack hairs, although some may be present. The upper surface as seen at right is often glossy. The leaves generally range from 3-8 cm across and are about as long as wide.

The inflorescence is a drooping, 7-20 flowered raceme, the main stem of the raceme sometimes with a zigzag appearance. The racemes arise from the leaf axils. Individual flowers are saucer-shaped and not hairy. The sepals are orbicular in shape and reddish-tinged. The 5 petals are pale yellowish-green to pinkish white and wider than long. The petals and stamens are both shorter than the sepals. The fruits are black and usually bristly-glandular in texture.


Importance:

Prickly currant is a host for white pine blister rust. The plant is unpalatable, although the fruits are occasionally used for jellies and jams.


Berries of Bristly Currant, Bristly Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Swamp Currant, Swamp Gooseberry: Ribes lacustre (Synonyms: Limnobotrya lacustris, Ribes lacustre var. parvulum, Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre)Photo at left of the fruit of prickly currant from Strawberry Mt., Strawberry Mt. Wilderness of central Oregon, September 4, 1999.

Habitat:

Prickly currant may be found in moist woods and stream banks, and also on drier woodland slopes or subalpine ridges.


Range:

Prickly currant can be found from Alaska south to California and east to Newfoundland, Michigan, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Colorado, and Utah.


Close-up of the leaves (with their glabrous upper surfaces) of Bristly Currant, Bristly Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Swamp Currant, Swamp Gooseberry: Ribes lacustre (Synonyms: Limnobotrya lacustris, Ribes lacustre var. parvulum, Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre)

Close-up of the upper leaf surfaces of prickly currant as seen along the Canyon Mountain Trail #218, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness........August 19, 2011. This species has glabrous upper leaf surfaces which help differentiate it from the similar alpine prickly currant (Ribes montigenum) which generally has smaller leaves which are very glandular on the upper leaf surface.

Berries of Bristly Currant, Bristly Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Swamp Currant, Swamp Gooseberry: Ribes lacustre (Synonyms: Limnobotrya lacustris, Ribes lacustre var. parvulum, Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre)

Close-up of the stipitate glandular surface of the berries of prickly currant as seen along the Canyon Mountain Trail #218, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness.......August 19, 2011.

Bristly Currant, Bristly Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Swamp Currant, Swamp Gooseberry: Ribes lacustre (Synonyms: Limnobotrya lacustris, Ribes lacustre var. parvulum, Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre)

Leaves of prickly currant as seen along the Ochoco Mt. Trail #283 along upper Rock Creek, Ochoco National Forest..........September 27, 2016.

Spiny nodes of Bristly Currant, Bristly Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Swamp Currant, Swamp Gooseberry: Ribes lacustre (Synonyms: Limnobotrya lacustris, Ribes lacustre var. parvulum, Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre)

Spines of prickly currant from a plant on Arsenic Mt., east edge of Bob Marshall Wilderness in Montana......late July, 1999.

Leaves of Bristly Currant, Bristly Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Swamp Currant, Swamp Gooseberry: Ribes lacustre (Synonyms: Limnobotrya lacustris, Ribes lacustre var. parvulum, Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre)


Bristly Currant, Bristly Black Gooseberry, Prickly Currant, Swamp Currant, Swamp Gooseberry: Ribes lacustre (Synonyms: Limnobotrya lacustris, Ribes lacustre var. parvulum, Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre)

The perfect nurse log, a hollowed out, burnt stump provides shelter for a young prickly currant near the upper trailhead for the Crawfish Lake Trail, Wallowa-Whitman National Forest...........July 26, 2013.

Paul Slichter