[Paintbrushes: The Genus Castilleja East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush

Castilleja linariifolia

Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii

Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

Narrow-leaved paintbrush as seen on Blady Mountain, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness........July 2, 2010.

Leaves of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)Photo at right of narrow-leaved paintbrush as seen from Fort Rock State Park, Fort Rock, OR.
Characteristics:

Narrow-leaved paintbrush is an upright perennial wildflower with erect, clustered and often branched stems from 30-80 cm in height. The herbage of leaves and stems ranges from glabrous to minutely haired above and villous below. The narrowly linear leaves frequently have rolled margins. The leaves alternate on the stems are spreading, and range from 5-8 cm in length.

The dense inflorescence elongates from 8-16 cm long. The upper sections of the bracts and calyces are scarlet with the lower sections green. The broadly linear bracts have 1-2 pairs of long, narrow lobes. The calyx is 2.5-3.5 cm long, the upper surface cleft more deeply than the lower surface. The lateral lobes are narrowly acuminate and curved upward, and measure 5-7 mm long. The greenish corolla is 3.5-4 cm long, the narrow curved galea longer than the tube and throat, and ringed with scarlet. The lower lip is well exerted from the tube, its lobes up to 2 mm long.

Because of the narrow leaves with rolled margins, and the long galea, this is a fairly easy paintbrush to identify.


Habitat:

Narrow-leaved paintbrush may be found interspersed with sagebrush in dry plains and foothills, although it may be found to 10,000 feet.


Range:

Narrow-leaved paintbrush may be found from central Oregon south to southern California (east of the Sierra Nevada), east to south central Montana, Wyoming , south to northwest New Mexico and northern Arizona.


Corolla and calyx of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii) - Inflorescence of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii) - Habitat view of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii) - Inflorescence of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

Narrow-leaved paintbrush as seen near the observatories atop Pine Mountain, Deschutes National Forest........July 11, 2017.

Corolla and calyx of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii) - Floral bract and corolla and calyx of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

Inflorescence of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii) - Close-up of the linear stem leaf of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

Additional close-up photos of narrow-leaved paintbrush as seen on Baldy Mountain, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness........July 2, 2010.

Corolla and calyx of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

The photo above is a close-up of the calyx and corolla of narrow-leaved paintbrush. Note the long, down-curved galea and the exserted lower lip. Photographed at Picture Rock Pass, Oregon Highway 31........July 12, 1998.

Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii) and Gland Indian Paintbrush, Sticky Paintbrush: Castilleja glandulifera

Narrow-leaved paintbrush and gland paintbrush (Castilleja glandulifera) on sagebrush slopes around Table Rock, Monument Rock Wilderness........August 3, 2011.

Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii) - Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii) - Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

Narrow-leaved paintbrush as seen along the Canyon Mountain Trail, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness.........May 29, 2014.

Inflorescence of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

Narrow-leaved paintbrush from the north loop of the Steens Mt. Road, circa 5000'........August 3, 1996.

Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

The photo above shows a cluster of narrow-leaved paintbrush from atop the Rooster Comb, south loop road at the Steens Mt., southeastern Oregon.......June 23, 1999.

Inflorescence of Narrow-leaved Paintbrush, Wyoming Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia (Synonym: Castilleja linariaefolia, Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii)

Narrow-leaved paintbrush from Fort Rock State Park, Fort Rock, OR........late June, 1994.

Paul Slichter