[Paintbrushes: The Genus Castilleja East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Common Paintbrush

Castilleja miniata var. miniata

Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata

Close-up sideview of the calyx and long galea of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

The photo above shows the inflorescence of common paintbrush as seen along Forest Road #40 near Sunset Point in the Umatilla National Forest of southeastern Washington. Note the narrow lateral calyx lobes which are deeply cleft between them.

Floral parts of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)The photo at right shows close-ups of the leaves, bracts, corolla and calyx of common paintbrush from Jackman Park, Steens Mt......June 26, 2000.
Characteristics:

Common paintbrush is an attractive perennial wildflower with several erect stems from 20-80 cm high rising from a woody base. The stems may be branched and its herbage varies from smooth to short-haired glandular hairy. The leaves are narrowly linear or lanceolate in shape and usually have entire margins, although sometimes a few will have lobes. The leaves alternate on the stems. As with other paintbrushes, it is a root parasite that extracts water and organic nutrients from its hosts.

The leaf-like bracts in the inflorescence are showy. They oblong-ovate in shape and are usually toothed or cleft with pointed lobes. The flowers are in the axils of the bracts. The tubular calyx is narrow and 15-30 mm long. It is deeply and subequally cleft above and below. The side lobes are divided into 2 linear segments from 3-9 mm long. The corolla is 20-40 mm long, with the petals fused to form a tube. The upper part of the corolla is known as the galea. It is about 3/4 the length to as long as the tube and 5 times or more longer than the dark green, thickened, lower lip. The calyx and bracts are a bright scarlet or bright red (occasionally yellow) while the corolla are greenish.
Habitat:

Common paintbrush may be found in meadows and in open woods from low to moderate elevation in the mountains.


Range:

Common paintbrush is a widespread paintbrush species in western North America. It may be found from Alaska south to California and east to the Rocky Mountains and hence south to Arizona and New Mexico.


Upper stem leaves of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

The photo above shows of the unlobed stem leaves of common paintbrush as seen along Forest Road #40 near Sunset Point in the Umatilla National Forest of southeastern Washington.

Inflorescence of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Upper stem leaves and inflorescence of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Mid-stem leaves of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

Common paintbrush as seen along the Canyon Mountain Trail #218 near the crossing of upper Little Pine Creek, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness..........August 19, 2011.

Close-up of the inflorescence of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Close-up of the inflorescence of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Narrow stem leaf of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

Additional photos of common paintbrush as seen above 8400' along the Onion Creek Trail on the east side of Strawberry Mountain, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness............August 18, 2011.

Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

Close-up of the inflorescence of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Stem leaves of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Floral parts of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

Examples of common paintbrush photographed about 50 meters downhill below the East Rim Viewpoint on the steep east-facing slopes of the Steens Mountain, Harney County, Oregon...........September 1, 2011. Note the galeas which are short enough to approach those of Castilleja peckiana which has galeas up to 13 mm long. However, this latter species has shallowly cleft lateral calyx lobes.

Close-up of the corolla tube, calyx and bracts of Peck's Indian Paintbrush, Peck's Paintbrush: Castilleja peckiana

Close-up of the corolla tube, calyx and floral bract of Peck's paintbrush as seen along the Road's End Trail 201A, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness.........August 18, 2011. Note that the lateral lobes of the calyx are narrow and fairly deeply lobed.

Peck's Indian Paintbrush, Peck's Paintbrush: Castilleja peckiana - Peck's Indian Paintbrush, Peck's Paintbrush: Castilleja peckiana

Flower parts of Peck's Indian Paintbrush, Peck's Paintbrush: Castilleja peckiana - Close-up of the inflorescence of Peck's Indian Paintbrush, Peck's Paintbrush: Castilleja peckiana

Additional close-ups of common paintbrush as seen along the Road's End Trail 201A, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness.........August 18, 2011.

Inflorescence of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

Common Paintbrush as seen still in bloom along the South Loop Road about one mile west of the East Rim Viewpoint, Steens Mountain..........September 20, 2015.

Corolla of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

The photo above shows a close-up of the corolla of common paintbrush. The galea is commonly more than 14 mm long. Photographed at Jackman Park, Steens Mt......June 26, 2000.

Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

A nice clump of common paintbrush blooming along the Road's End Trail 201A, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness........July 18, 2013.

Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

Common paintbrush in bloom along the Wildhorse Lake shoreline, Steens Mountain, Harney County, Oregon..........July 10, 2014.

Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Corolla and calyx lobes of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

Inflorescence of Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata var. dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata)

Common paintbrush as seen in bloom along the South Loop Road about one mile downhill to the west from the East Rim Viewpoint, Steens Mountain..........July 9, 2014.

Paul Slichter