[Wild Roses: The Genus Rosa East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose

Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana

Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii

Close-up of a flower of Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii)

A close-up of a flower of pearhip rose as seen from atop Burch Mt., several miles north of Wenatchee, WA.........June 6, 2009.


Characteristics:

Pearhip rose is a woody shrub with erect stems from 1-2 meters high. The stems bear strong, straight or slightly curved prickles below the stipules or bases of the petioles. The leaves are alternate on the stems and have 5-9 pinnately compound leaflets. The leaflets are ovate, obovate, or elliptic with toothed margins. Individual teeth may be greater than 1 mm in length and are only gland tipped in variety woodsii. The leaflets are up to 5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide.

The inflorescence is a small cluster or cyme of 3-5 flowers at the tips of the stems. The pinkish to rose-colored flowers are small and about 2.5-5 cm across with 5 petals. The petals are 1.5-2.5 cm long. The rose hips are globose, ellipsoid, or pear-shaped, and 6-12 mm long and wide. The hips are red and have sepals which persist at the tip of the fruit.

It may be identified from Rosa nutkana due to the smaller, clustered flowers.


Habitat:

Pearhip rose is found in moist open ground and open woods in the east Columbia River Gorge, and elsewhere in its range, prefers warm, dry sites, often mixed with Nootka rose..


Range:

Pearhip rose is found east of the Cascade summits in Washington and Oregon and south to southern California. It is found east to Minnesota, Wisconsin, Missouri and Texas.


Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii)

Mature fruits of pearhip rose as seen in open forests on Missoula Flood sandbars between Five Mile and the Little Spokane River, Spokane County, WA.......November 10, 2018. The flowers and fruits are usually found in clusters. Occasionally, plants will have gland-tipped hairs on the pedicels, as seen here.

Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii) - Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii) - Flower of Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii)

Pearhip rose blooming at Ochoco Forest Camp (near the old ranger station on Ochoco Creek), Ochoco National Forest...........June 26, 2017.

Prickles of Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii) - Flower of Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii)

A close-up of a thorns and flower of pearhip rose as seen from atop Burch Mt., several miles north of Wenatchee, WA........June 6, 2009.

Flower and leaves of Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii) - Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii)

Additional close-up photos of pearhip rose as seen along the valley trail about one-half mile uphill and northwest of the Painted Rocks trailhead, Little Spokane River Natural Area.........July 5, 2011.

Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii) - Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii)

Pearhip rose as seen along the trail at Douglas Creek South, Douglas County, Washington........June 3, 2013.

Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii)

Pearhip rose from Steptoe Butte State Park, eastern Washington.......June 27, 1998.

Pearhip Rose, Wood's Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana (Synonyms: Rosa arizonica, Rosa arizonica var. granulifera, Rosa covillei, Rosa macounii, Rosa lapwaiensis, Rosa pecosensis, Rosa ultramontana, Rosa woodsii ssp. ultramontana, Rosa woodsii var. arizonica, Rosa woodsii var. granulifera, Rosa woodsii var. woodsii)


Paul Slichter