[Wild Roses: The Genus Rosa East of the Cascade Mts. of Oregon and Washington]

Bristly Nootka Rose, Nootka Rose

Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii

Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri, Rosa spaldingii var. spaldingii

Bristly Nootka Rose, Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri) - Bristly Nootka Rose, Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri)
Bristly nootka rose as seen at Emigrant Springs State Park, Umatilla County, OR.........June 13, 2018. The leaf margins are once serrate and lack glands at the tips of the teeth.

Prickle of Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri) The photo at right shows the large thorn of nooka rose as seen in the Simcoe Mts. of northern Klickitat County, south-central Washington.........June 16, 2007.
Characteristics:

The Nootka rose is an attractive shrub to 3 meters high. The stems are usually green, but occasionally may be reddish. The stems grow straight and erect, and are not intertwined as with the clustered wild rose. The prickles are curved backward and found in pairs below the stipules or leaf petioles. The prickles of this species are larger and thicker than those of the other native rose species.

The leaves are alternate on the stems and they are pinnately compound with 5-7 leaflets. The leaflets are dark green above and paler and slightly hairy below. The leaflets are elliptic or ovate in shape with serrate or doubly serrate margins, and range from 1-7 cm long and 0.7-4.5 cm wide.

The pink or rose-colored flowers are usually solitary, although 2-3 may be found at the ends of newer, prickleless side branches. The flowers are large sweetly scented, and showy, ranging from 5-8 cm across. Individual petals are 2.5-4 cm long, and 5 petals are the norm for the flowers. The rose hips are spherical, orange -red and large, ranging from 1-2 cm wide. The sepals and dried stamens remain attached to the tips.


Importance:

1. Dried flower petals for scents, potpourri.

2. Rose hips are high in vitamin C, may be made into jam, tea, and used as flavoring.

3. The Nootka wild rose may be used as a hedgerow or as an ornamental.

4. Native Americans mashed the leaves together and made a poultice for application to sore eyes, abscesses, and bee stings.

5. The fruits are an important food source by various herbivores and upland game birds. The leaves and twigs are eaten by numerous browsers, and rose thickets provide excellent nesting and escape habitat for songbirds.


Hip of Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri)Fruit or rose hip of the Nootka rose shown in the photo at right. Note the sepals which persist on the hip.
Habitat:

Nootka rose may be found in open upland woods or in open shrub wetlands. In areas where both Rosa nutkana and Rosa woodsii occur, the former may be found at higher elevations and often in woods.


Range:

Nootka rose may be found from Alaska south through British Columbia and west of the Cascades through Washington and Oregon to northern California. It may be found in northern Oregon to the Blue Mts, and in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado and Utah.


Flower of Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri)

The photo above shows a close-up of the flower of nootka rose as seen in the Simcoe Mts. of northern Klickitat County, south-central Washington.........June 16, 2007. Note the numerous stamens with wrinkled anthers.

Flower bud of Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri)

The photo above shows a close-up of the flower bud of nootka rose as seen in the Simcoe Mts. of northern Klickitat County, south-central Washington.........June 16, 2007. Note the long, thin sepals, each of which is covered with numerous short hairs.

Upper leaf surface of Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri)

The photo above shows a close-up of the pinnately compound leaf of nootka rose as seen in the Simcoe Mts. of northern Klickitat County, south-central Washington.........June 16, 2007. Note that the teeth of the leaflets are singly serrate. In other words, each tooth does not have smaller teeth along its edge.

Rose hip and leaves of Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri) - Prickly stem of Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri) - Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri)i
What appears to be nootka rose as seen in the Bailey Creek drainage between Forest Roads 30-500 and 30-600, Okanogan National Forest........July 11, 2015. Note how prickly the stems are.

Flower of Bristly Nootka Rose, Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana ssp. macdougalii (Synonyms: Rosa anatonensis, Rosa caeruleomontana, Rosa columbiana, Rosa durandii, Rosa jonesii, Rosa macdougalii, Rosa megalantha, Rosa muriculata, Rosa nutkana var. alta, Rosa nutkana var. hispida, Rosa nutkana var. macdougalii, Rosa nutkana var. pallida, Rosa nutkana var. setosa, Rosa rainierensis, Rosa spaldingii, Rosa spaldingii var. alta, Rosa spaldingii var. chelanensis, Rosa spaldingii var. hispida, Rosa spaldingii var. parkeri)

Flower of what appears to be nootka rose as seen at Camas Lands NAP to the southeast of Leavenworth, Washington.......June 5, 2015.

Paul Slichter