[Wildflower Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge: 2010]

Wildflowers Currently in Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge

Upper Swale Canyon (Accessed from Harms Road)

April 23, 2010

View east towards windfarms from near upper Swale Canyon.............April 23, 2010.

A view east at the wind farms at the eastern end of the Columbia Hills from grasslands beginning to blossum near upper Swale Canyon........................April 23, 2010.

Today the weather was in the low to upper 50s with partly sunny skys and very light winds in the morning, becoming stronger by afternoon.

* indicates the wildflower is currently in bloom.

Complete Klickitat Trail: Upper Swale Canyon Plant List.

Common Horsetail: Equisetum arvense

Scouring-rush Horsetail: Equisetum hyemale

* Nebraska Sedge: Carex nebrascensis ?

Rush: Juncus sp.

* Cheatgrass: Bromus tectorum

Bottlebrush Squirreltail: Elymus elymoides

Basin Wildrye: Leymus cinereus ?

* Bulbous Bluegrass: Poa bulbosa

Bluebunch Wheatgrass: Pseudoroegeneria spicata

Medusa-head: Taeniatherum caput-medusae

Common Cattail: Typha latifolia

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa - Small trees planted along the old railroad bed.

Creek Dogwood: Cornus sericea

California Hazelnut: Corylus cornuta var. californica

Black Cottonwood: Populus trichocarpa

Quaking Aspen: Populus tremuloides

Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana

* Willow #1, 2 & 3: Salix sp.

Tapertip Onion: Allium accuminatum ?

Onion: Allium sp. ? - In bud. Along rocky streambeds, but with broad, erect basal leaves.

Common Camas: Camassia quamash (var. breviflora ?)

Ookow: Dichelostemma congesta - In bud.

Bicolored Cluster Lily: Triteleia grandiflora (ssp. howellii ?) - In bud.

Deathcamas: Zigadenus sp.

Western Blue Flag: Iris missouriensis

Heartleaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum - A few plants in bud.

Douglas' Buckwheat: Eriogonum douglasii var. tenue - In bud.

Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum

Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum (var. proliferum?)

Black Bindweed: Fallopia convolvulus

Curly Dock: Rumex crispus

* Pale Springbeauty: Claytonia exigua ssp. exigua

* Streambank Springbeauty: Claytonia parviflora ?

* Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. intermontana ?

* Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata

* Erubescent Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia rubra ssp. rubra

* Dwarf Miner's Lettuce: Montia dichotoma

* Water Chickweed: Montia fontana

* Lineleaf Montia: Montia linearis

* Sticky Chickweed: Cerastium glomeratum

* Jagged Chickweed: Holosteum umbellatum

* Common Chickweed: Stellaria media

Western White Clematis: Clematis ligusticifolia

Meadow Buttercup: Delphinium distichum - In bud.

* Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum var. nuttallianum

* Least Mousetail: Myosurus minimus

* White Water Buttercup: Ranunculus aquatilis

* Western Buttercup: Ranunculus occidentalis var. occidentalis

* Creeping Oregon Grape: Berberis repens

* American Wintercress: Barbarea orthoceras

* Little Western Bittercress: Cardamine oligosperma

* Narrow Tansymustard?: Descurainia incisa ssp. filipes ?

* Spring Whitlow-grass: Draba verna var. boerhaavii

Scale Pod: Idahoa scapigera - Pods maturing.

* Daggerpod: Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides

* Fringepods: Thysanocarpus curvipes

Leiberg's Stonecrop: Sedum leibergii

* Bulblet Prairie Star: Lithophragma bulbifera

* Small-flowered Prairie Star: Lithophragma parviflorum

* Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia var. integrifolia

* Clayton's Saxifrage, Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga nidifica var. claytoniifolia

* Golden Currant: Ribes aureum

* Wax Currant: Ribes cereum var. cereum

* Straggly Currant: Ribes divaricatum

Mock Orange: Philadelphus lewisii - A few plants with buds forming.

* Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia (var. alnifolia ?)

* Cusick's Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia var. cusickii

Douglas' Hawthorn: Crataegus douglasii ? - Flower buds forming.

Oceanspray: Holodiscus discolor

Sticky Cinquefoil: Potentilla glandulosa (var. ?)

Sulphur Cinqueflower: Potentilla recta ?

* Bitter Cherry: Prunus emarginata var. emarginata

Chokecherry: Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa - In bud.

Annual Burnet: Sanguisorba annua

Douglas' Spiraea: Spiraea douglasii (var. ?)

* Milkvetch: Astragalus (hoodianus or reventiformis) - Very early in bloom.

Prairie Lupine: Lupinus lepidus (var. aridus ?)

* Columbia Gorge Lupine?: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus?

* Whitish Lupine: Lupinus sulphureus ssp. subsaccatus

Alfalfa: Medicago sativa

* Bighead Clover: Trifolium macrocephalum - Fading out of bloom.

* Valley Yellow Violet: Viola praemorsa

Filaree: Erodium cicutarium

Klamath Weed: Hypericum perforatum

Mountain Globemallow: Iliamna rivularis - A few plants with buds forming.

Oregon Checkermallow: Sidalcea oregana (var. procera ?) - A few plants in bud.

* Bur Chervil: Anthriscus caucalis

Canby's Desert Parsley: Lomatium canbyi

* Columbia Desert Parsley: Lomatium columbianum

Fernleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium dissectum (var. ?)

* Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayi

Salt and Pepper: Lomatium piperi

* Biscuitroot: Lomatium macrocarpum - Both cream and yellow-flowered forms.

* Barestem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule

* Broadnineleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium triternatum var. anomalum

* Nine-leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium triternatum var. triternatum

Gairdner's Yampah: Perideridia gairdneri ssp. borealis ?

Desert Shooting Star: Dodecatheon conjugens

* Midget Phlox: Microsteris gracilis

* Hood's Phlox: Phlox hoodii

* Showy Phlox: Phlox speciosa

* Annual Polemonium: Polemonium micranthum

* Ballhead Desert Parsley: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii

* Meadow Nemophila: Nemophila pedunculata

Silver-leaf Phacelia: Phacelia hastata var. hastata - In bud.

Variedleaf Phacelia: Phacelia heterophylla

* Rigid Fiddleneck: Amsinckia retrorsa

* Common Cryptanth: Cryptantha intermedia

* Puccoon: Lithospermum ruderale

* Scouler's Popcorn Flower: Plagiogothrys scouleri

* Slender Popcorn Flower: Plagiobothrys tenellus

Narrow-leaved Skullcap: Scutellaria angustifolia

* Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora

* Chickweed Monkeyflower: Mimulus alsinoides

* Common Monkeyflower: Mimulus guttatus

Cutleaf Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Common Mullein: Verbascum thapsus

Water Speedwell: Veronica anagallis-aquatica

* Corn Speedwell: Veronica arvensis

* Purslane Speedwell: Veronica peregrina

* Naked Broomrape: Orobanche uniflora var. purpurea

* Annual Bedstraw: Galium aparine var. echinospermum

Manroot: Marah oreganus

Blue Elderberry: Sambucus mexicana

Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus

* Long-spurred Plectritis: Plectritis ciliosa

* White Plectritis: Plectritis macrocera

Yarrow: Achillea millefolium

* Low Pussytoes: Antennaria dimorpha

* Narrowleaf Pussytoes: Antennara stenophylla

* Carey's Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza careyana ?

Hoary False Yarrow: Chaenactis douglasii

Chicory: Cichorum intybus

Canada Thistle: Cirsium arvense

Hall's Goldenweed: Columbiadoria hallii

Western Hawksbeard: Crepis occidentalis ?

* Gold Stars: Crocidium multicaule

Gray Rabbitbrush: Ericameria nauseosum

Oregon Sunshine: Eriophyllum integrifolium var. integrifolium

Gumweed: Grindelia (columbiana?)

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri (var. cynoglossoides?)

* False Agoseris: Nothocalais troximoides

Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus (var. ?) - In bud.

* Common Dandylion: Taraxacum officinale

Yellow Salsify: Tragopogon dubius

Mule's Ears: Wyethia sp.


Animals Seen During This Hike:

Mule Deer

California Ground Squirrels

Yellow-bellied Marmots - Young are about 2/3 grown.

Turkey Vultures

Kestrel

Magpies

Common Raven - hazed by a curlew

Scrub Jay

Horned Larks

Red-winged Blackbirds

Brewer's Blackbirds

Western Meadowlarks

Common Snipe

Curlew

Greater Yellowlegs

Killdeer

Mallards

California Quail

Yellow-rumped Warblers

Brewer's Sparrows ?

Dark-eyed Juncos

Violet-green Swallows

Frogs croaking

Small fish in small side creek

Anise Swallowtail

Swallowtail

Sara's Orangetips

Green Hairstreak

Blue

Large Bumblebee (yellow thorax, black abdomen)

Woolly-bear ? caterpillars

Mosquitos


The Klickitat Trail from upper Swale Canyon near Harms Road..............April 23, 2010. - View of the Klickitat Trail about 1.5 miles downstream in upper Swale Canyon.............April 23, 2010.

The photo at left shows a view west towards the Klickitat Trail (and Columbia Hills on the horizon) in upper Swale Canyon, about three-quarters of a mile downstream from Harms Road. The photo at right shows a view east along the Klickitat Trail from a point deeper in upper Swale Canyon (about 1.5 miles downstream from Harms Road). Photos taken on April 23, 2010. It's still early at this point in the season with the willows still in bloom and only a hint of new leaves on the hawthorns and mock oranges.

Paul Slichter