[The Desert Parsleys of the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Bare-stem Desert Parsley, Barestem Biscuitroot, Indian-consumption-plant, Pestle Parsnip

Lomatium nudicaule

Synonyms: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum

Bare-stem Desert Parsley, Barestem Biscuitroot, Indian-consumption-plant, Pestle Parsnip: Lomatium nudicaule (Synonyms: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum)

The photo above shows bare-stem desert parsley as seen in the Columbia Hills..........March 27, 2004.

Characteristics:

Bare-stem desert parsley is a fairly easy to identify desert parsley (at least in the Pacific Northwest) due to the erect, solitary to several hollow stems which inflate or increase greatly in diameter directly beneath the inflorescence. The naked stems range from 20-90 cm high and are generally both glabrous and blue-glaucous. The firm leaves are found only near the base and are ternately or ternate-pinnately 1-3 times compound with 3-30 veiny, often petiolate lanceolate to ovate leaflets from 2-9 cm long and 1-6 cm wide. The leaflet margins may be entire or may be toothed at the tips.

The inflorescence is an umbel of numerous small umbelets which are usually widely spaced when in flower. The stems which hold the umbelets in the umbel extend unequally from 6-20 cm. The flowers are yellow. The fruit is 7-15 mm long, oblong to elliptic in shape, narrowing to a short beaklike tip. The wings of the fruit are up to one-half as wide as the body.


Habitat:

Bare-stem desert parsley maybe found from the lowlands to moderate elevations in the mountains on dry, open or sparsely wooded places, and is often mixed with sagebrush or ponderosa pine.


Range:

Bare-stem desert parsley may be found from southern British Columbia south along both sides of the Cascade Mts. through Washington and Oregon to central California and east to southwestern Alberta, western and southern Idaho, and western Utah.

In the Columbia River Gorge it may be found between the elevations of 100'-2500' from near Hamilton Mt. in the west and eastward past Biggs, OR.


Bare-stem Desert Parsley, Barestem Biscuitroot, Indian-consumption-plant, Pestle Parsnip: Lomatium nudicaule (Synonyms: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum)

Bare-stem desert parsley as seen in the Columbia Hills..........March 27, 2004.

Bare-stem Desert Parsley, Barestem Biscuitroot, Indian-consumption-plant, Pestle Parsnip: Lomatium nudicaule (Synonyms: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum)

Barestem desert parsley blooming along the Dalles Mountain Road in the lower part of the Columbia Hills State Park..........April 12, 2014.

Bare-stem Desert Parsley, Barestem Biscuitroot, Indian-consumption-plant, Pestle Parsnip: Lomatium nudicaule (Synonyms: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum)

The photo above shows bare-stem desert parsley as seen in the Columbia Hills Natural Area Preserve..........May 10, 2009.

Bare-stem Desert Parsley, Barestem Biscuitroot, Indian-consumption-plant, Pestle Parsnip: Lomatium nudicaule (Synonyms: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum)

Bare-stem desert parsley blooming on scabland slopes above the Crawford Oaks trailhead, Columbia Hills State Park..........March 3, 2015.

Bare-stem Desert Parsley, Barestem Biscuitroot, Indian-consumption-plant, Pestle Parsnip: Lomatium nudicaule (Synonyms: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum)

Mature fruits of bare-stem desert parsley as seen in the northwest corner of the Columbia Hills State Park.........October 15, 2015.

Bare-stem Desert Parsley, Barestem Biscuitroot, Indian-consumption-plant, Pestle Parsnip: Lomatium nudicaule (Synonyms: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum)

A bare-stem desert parsley with its upper stem beginning to enlarge as seen along US 97 about 2 miles west of Brooks Memorial State Park...........May 17, 2014.

Bare-stem Desert Parsley, Barestem Biscuitroot, Indian-consumption-plant, Pestle Parsnip: Lomatium nudicaule (Synonyms: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum) - Bare-stem Desert Parsley, Barestem Biscuitroot, Indian-consumption-plant, Pestle Parsnip: Lomatium nudicaule (Synonyms: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum)

Bare-stem desert parsley blooming (left) in the northwest corner of the Columbia Hills State Park..........April 16, 2015. Bare-stem desert parsley barely beginning to bloom on vernally moist grassy slopes east of Eightmile Creek and above the Crawford Oaks Trailhead, Columbia Hills State Park........February 23, 2016.

Paul Slichter