[The Onions of the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion

Allium nevii

Synonym: Allium douglasii var. nevii

Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium douglasii var. nevii (Synonym: Allium nevii var. nevii)

Nevius' onion growing in the drying streambed of Swale Creek about one mile west of Harms Road, Klickitat County, WA..............May 8, 2010.

Characteristics:

Nevius' onion is an attractive wildflower with 2 basal leaves and a single leafless scape giving rise to a cluster of flowers at its tip. The stem is usually held higher than the leaves. The leaves are either convex in cross section and 2-8 mm wide or strongly flattened and up to 15 mm wide. The leaves usually persist until flowering. The scape is usually 2o-30 cm high.

Two or three broadly ovate bracts with short-pointed tips subtend the umbel. The bracts are 5-7 nerved. The umbel is several to many-flowered with individual flowers on thin pedicels which are 2-3 times longer than the tepals. The 6 tepals range from 6-10 mm long and are narrowly lanceolate with pointed tips. The coloration is pink or rarely white. The midribs of the tepals are prominent. The stamens are as long as or longer than the perianth with oblong, obtuse, or acute anthers.


Habitat:

Grasslands, sagebrush desert, and ponderosa pine forests in shallow, winter wet soils.


Range:

Nevius' onion is found wholly east of the Cascade Mountains, from Kittitas County, WA south to northern Oregon.

In the Columbia River Gorge it may be found at elevations of 200'-2300' from the Major Creek plateau east to the Columbia Hills north of the Dallesport, WA.


Close-up of a flower of Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium nevii (Synonym: Allium douglasii var. nevii) - Close-up sideview of a flower of Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium nevii (Synonym: Allium douglasii var. nevii) - Close-up view from above of the inflorescence of Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium nevii (Synonym: Allium douglasii var. nevii) - Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium nevii (Synonym: Allium douglasii var. nevii)

Additional close-up photos of Nevius' onion growing in the drying streambed of Swale Creek about one mile west of Harms Road, Klickitat County, WA..............May 8, 2010.

Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium douglasii var. nevii (Synonym: Allium nevii var. nevii) - Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium douglasii var. nevii (Synonym: Allium nevii var. nevii)

Nevius' onion blooming at the edge of a vernal pool (with common camas, Camassia quamash) to the northwest of The Dalles, Oregon...........May 14, 2012.

Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium douglasii var. nevii (Synonym: Allium nevii var. nevii) - Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium douglasii var. nevii (Synonym: Allium nevii var. nevii)

Habitat of Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium douglasii var. nevii (Synonym: Allium nevii var. nevii)

Nevius' onion blooming with common camas (Camassia quamash var. quamash) as seen at the Four Sisters to the northwest of The Dalles, Oregon..........April 21, 2013.

Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium douglasii var. nevii (Synonym: Allium nevii var. nevii) - Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium douglasii var. nevii (Synonym: Allium nevii var. nevii) - Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium douglasii var. nevii (Synonym: Allium nevii var. nevii)

Nevius' onion blooming at left in a moist swale on the west side of Canyon Creek, Klickitat Wildlife Area, Klickitat County, Washington..........May 3, 2015. The photos at center and at right show close-up views of the inflorescence of Nevius' onion as seen blooming in a moist swale between Little Bowaman and Canyon Creeks, Klickitat Wildlife Area, Klickitat County, Washington..........May 17, 2017.

Nevius' Garlic, Nevius' Onion: Allium douglasii var. nevii (Synonym: Allium nevii var. nevii)

Douglas' onion from the Columbia Hills ............June 1, 1997.

Paul Slichter