[The Penstemons of the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon

Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Cutleaf penstemon as seen on flat, gravelly and rocky ground at the rock quarry at Catherine Creek, central Columbia River Gorge..........July 5, 2010.

Frontal view of the corolla of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsoniiThe photo at right shows a close-up view of the attractive mouth of the corolla of cut-leaf penstemon as seen in the webmaster's garden in Gresham, OR...........August 19, 2006. Note that the staminode is flattened in cross-section with a tuft of hairs at its tip, and that it extends out over the lower lip.
Characteristics:

Cut-leaved penstemon is a pretty, late blooming penstemon which does well in rich, well-drained soil in gardens on both sides of the Cascades. It typically consists of numerous stems arising from a shrubby base. It does look like like a large, many-flowered bush once it has established itself. Its height may vary from 20 to 80 cm high. The leaves of the variety shown here (var. richardsonii) are deeply toothed or cleft. The leaves are all found on the stems and are all glabrous or occasionally lightly nonglandular-pubescent. The blades range from 2.5-5 cm long.

The inflorescence is a wide-spaced, somewhat leafy raceme or mixed raceme-panicle. The corollas are glabrous to glandular outside, with pink to blue or lavender tubes. The tube expands to a wide throat but the mouth of the flower is not strongly two-lipped. Prominent dark lines may be found on the palate. The corolla of variety dentatus ranges from longer than 22-32 mm long. The calyx is 4-9 mm long with lance-shaped to ovate sepals, often unequal in size and green or purplish colored. The anther sacs only split 1/3 to 1/2 their length and thus remain horseshoe-shaped. Depending on the variety, the staminode, which is slightly exserted from the tube, may be lightly bearded at the tip or glabrous. The staminode of variety richardsonii is lightly bearded at the tip.


Varieties:

Variety curtiflorus: Corolla 15-20 mm long, the staminode not bearded. Found only in north-central Oregon in Wheeler and Wasco Counties.

Variety dentatus: Corolla 22-32 mm long, the staminode bearded. Leaves mostly ovate in outline, shallow and regularly toothed. The upper surfaces of the leaf blades are gray-pubescent. Found only in northern Oregon from Wasco to Grant and Union Counties.

Variety richardsonii: Corolla 22-32 mm long, the staminode bearded. The leaves narrow and deeply and irregular toothed about halfway to the midrib. Found from southern British Columbia south to the east of the Cascades through the Columbia Basin to northern Oregon.


Habitat:

Cut-leaf penstemon is found in open rocky places, cliffs and rock fall areas. In the western Columbia River gorge, it can often be found thriving on sheer cliffs in near complete shade where it typically blooms later in the year (as late as early fall).


Range:

Cut-leaf penstemon is found from south-central British Columbia through central Washington into northeastern Oregon.

It is found westward in the Columbia River gorge as far as McCord Creek and eastward towards Umatilla, OR.


Frontal view of the corolla ofCutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii - Close-up sideview of the corolla and calyx of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Close-up frontal and side views of the corolla of cutleaf penstemon as seen at the rock quarry at Catherine Creek, central Columbia River Gorge........July 5, 2010.

Stem leaf of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

The photo above shows a close-up of a leaf of cut-leaf penstemon as seen in the webmaster's garden in Gresham, OR.........August 19, 2006.

Close-up sideview of the corolla and calyx of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

The photo above shows a close-up of the corolla of cut-leaf penstemon as seen in the webmaster's garden in Gresham, OR.........August 19, 2006. Note how the corolla tube is narrow as it emerges from the calyx before broadly widening at about one-third of its length. Note also the dense covering of gland-tipped hairs covering the calyx and sparser coat of glandular hairs on the outside of the corolla tube.

Stem leaf of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Close-up of a stem leaf of cutleaf penstemon as seen on a rock outcrop along the Cherry Orchard Trail in the Columbia River Gorge.........March 7, 2011.

Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Close-up sideview of the flower of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii - Close-up frontal view of a flower (with pollinator) of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Close-up frontal view of a flower of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii - Stem leaf of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Additional close-up views of cutleaf penstemon as seen on basalt outcrops along the Company Road north of Wahkiacus, Washington........July 21, 2011. Note the native bee as one of the pollinators of this species.

Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii - Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii - Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Very attractive clumps of cutleaf penstemon growing along Washington Highway SR14 near the junction with US 197 north of The Dalles, OR.........July 6, 2011. Often, one finds this species to be pretty straggly, but established plants like these can be quite nice when given the right conditons (sunlight, deep and gravelly soil with good drainage, and a moderate amount of rainfall. Plants tend to bloom best in late June and July, but can bloom well into fall.

Corolla of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii - Flower of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

A few blossoms can be found on this late blooming cutleaf penstemon at the rock quarry above the Crawford Oaks Trailhead, Columbia Hills State Park..........October 2, 2016.

Close-up sideview of the flower of Cutleaf Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Richardson's Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Close-up sideview of the calyx and corolla of cutleaf penstemon as seen on basalt cliffs above the Crawford Oaks Trailhead, Columbia Hills State Park............October 12, 2013.

Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii


Paul Slichter