[The Prairie Stars of the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Small-flowered Prairie Star, Small-flowered Woodland-star

Lithophragma parviflorum

Synonyms: Lithophragma parviflora, Lithophragma parviflorum

Flower of Small-flowered Prairie Star, Small-flowered Woodland-star: Lithophragma parviflorum var. parviflorum (Synonyms: Lithophragma parviflora, Lithophragma parviflorum)

The photo above shows the deeply 3-parted petals of small-flowered prairie star as seen at Catherine Creek in the Columbia River Gorge...........April 9, 2009.You can clearly see the calyx on the flower at right which tapers gradually to the pedicel.

Characteristics:

The USDA PLANTS Database currently has this species named as Lithophragma parviflorum.

Also known as small-flowered fringe-cup, small-flowered prairie star is an attractive perennial with erect stems from 10-55 cm tall arising from clusters of cleft basal leaves. The herbage is often densely glandular-pubescent and commonly purple or reddish above. The basal leaves are moderately to abundantly haired, especially on the lower surface. The petioles of the basal leaves are 1-8 cm long, with the blades 1-5 cm wide. The blades are cleft, often nearly to the middle into 3-5 divisions which are further cleft into several smaller divisions. The 1-3 stem leaves usually have narrower leaf segments, with the upper leaf nearly sessile. The axils of all the leaves lack bulblets.

The inflorescence is at first crowded at the top of the stem, but elongates into a raceme as much as 15 cm long and 5-11 flowered. The pedicels are 2-8 mm long. The calyx, which is 7-12 mm long, is wide at its throat, but tapers gradually to the stem (This is an easy way to distinguish it from other northwest prairie stars (See photos at right and below.).) Each of the 5 calyx lobes are up to 2 m long. The 5 petals are white to pink, usually slightly unequal, and from 5-12 mm long. The individual petals are cleft 3-5 times, giving the petals a tattered appearance. The middle lobe of each petal is the longest. The stamens do not exceed the calyx.

Small-flowered prairie star is an interesting perennial wildflower for the spring rock garden or prairie garden. It looks good amongst basalt rock outcrops as well as bunchgrasses. It tends to bloom 2-3 weeks later than both smooth and bulblet prairie star.


Habitat:

Small-flowered prairie star may be found on open, grassy to sagebrush covered slopes, and in open, low altitude forests.


Range:

Small-flowered prairie star may be found from British Columbia south along both sides of the Cascades to northern California. It may be found eastward to Alberta, South Dakota, and Colorado.

In the Columbia River Gorge, it may be found between 100'-3000' from near Crown Point in the west to the eastern end of the gorge.


Close-up of the calyces of Small-flowered Prairie Star, Small-flowered Woodland-star: Lithophragma parviflorum var. parviflorum (Synonyms: Lithophragma parviflora, Lithophragma parviflorum)

A close-up of the gradually tapered bases to the calyces of small-flowered prairie star as seen at Catherine Creek in the Columbia River Gorge..........April 9, 2009. The other prairie stars in the Gorge have rounded or cup-shaped bases to the calyces.

Small-flowered Prairie Star, Small-flowered Woodland-star: Lithophragma parviflorum var. parviflorum (Synonyms: Lithophragma parviflora, Lithophragma parviflorum)

The photo above shows small-flowered prairie star as seen at Catherine Creek in the Columbia River Gorge..........April 9, 2009.

Small-flowered Prairie Star, Small-flowered Woodland-star: Lithophragma parviflorum var. parviflorum (Synonyms: Lithophragma parviflora, Lithophragma parviflorum) - Flowers of Small-flowered Prairie Star, Small-flowered Woodland-star: Lithophragma parviflorum var. parviflorum (Synonyms: Lithophragma parviflora, Lithophragma parviflorum)

Small-flowered prairie star as seen along the Cherry Orchard Trail about one mile east of Lyle, WA...........March 11, 2016.

Inflorescence of Small-flowered Prairie Star, Small-flowered Woodland-star: Lithophragma parviflorum var. parviflorum (Synonyms: Lithophragma parviflora, Lithophragma parviflorum) - A basal leaf of Small-flowered Prairie Star, Small-flowered Woodland-star: Lithophragma parviflorum var. parviflorum (Synonyms: Lithophragma parviflora, Lithophragma parviflorum)

Close-up images of the inflorescence and a leaf of small-flowered prairie star as seen along the Cherry Orchard Trail about one-half mile east of Lyle, Washington........April 2, 2014.

Paul Slichter