[Lupines: The Genus Lupinus in the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Bingen Lupine

Lupinus bingensis

Synonyms: Lupinus bingensis var. bingensis, Lupinus leucopsis var. bingensis

Bingen Lupine: Lupinus sulphureus var. subsaccatus (Synonyms: Lupinus bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. albus, Lupinus bingenensis var. bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. dubius, Lupinus bingenensis var. roseus, Lupinus bingenensis var. subsaccatus, Lupinus leucopsis var. bingenensis, Lupinus leucopsis var. dubius, Lupinus leucopsis var. hendersonianus, Lupinus leucopsis var. shermanensis, Lupinus sulphureus ssp. subsaccatus) - Portion of the inflorescence of Bingen Lupine: Lupinus sulphureus var. subsaccatus (Synonyms: Lupinus bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. albus, Lupinus bingenensis var. bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. dubius, Lupinus bingenensis var. roseus, Lupinus bingenensis var. subsaccatus, Lupinus leucopsis var. bingenensis, Lupinus leucopsis var. dubius, Lupinus leucopsis var. hendersonianus, Lupinus leucopsis var. shermanensis, Lupinus sulphureus ssp. subsaccatus)

Bingen lupine as seen from near the Dalles Mt. Ranch trailhead at Columbia Hills Historical State Park.........May 2, 2018.

Flower of Bingen Lupine: Lupinus sulphureus var. subsaccatus (Synonyms: Lupinus bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. albus, Lupinus bingenensis var. bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. dubius, Lupinus bingenensis var. roseus, Lupinus bingenensis var. subsaccatus, Lupinus leucopsis var. bingenensis, Lupinus leucopsis var. dubius, Lupinus leucopsis var. hendersonianus, Lupinus leucopsis var. shermanensis, Lupinus sulphureus ssp. subsaccatus) The photo at right shows a close-up sideview of the flower of Bingen lupine as seen atop the Columbia Hills to the northeast of The Dalles, OR..........May 14, 2006. The wing petals have been removed to show the keel, with the tip of the keel narrowing abruptly and held nearly erect.
Characteristics:

Bingen lupine is a perennial lupine to 10 dm tall. It tends to have basal leaves present during flowering, with the lower leaf petioles 3 to 5 times longer than the leaflet blades, while the upper stem leaves may have petioles shorter than the blades. The compound palmate leaves may have from 9 to 11 narrlw, oblanceolate leaflets with acute tips. The leaflets may be hairless above and sparsely to very hairy beneath, or they may be equally very haired on both surfaces. Variety subsaccatus tends to have pubescence on both leaflet surfaces.

The flowers are bluish or purple (variety sulphureus has yellow flowers) and found on 6 to 15 cm long racemes (usually less than 10 cm in variety subsaccatus. The calyx is silky and it is asymetrical although it isn't spurred. The upper lip of the flower is bidentate, while the lower is entire. The banner isn't reflexed very much from the wings or keel.


Similar Species:

Bingen Lupine: Lupinus bingensis - Stems with appressed hairs. The inflorescence is more open and pyramidal

Soft Lupine: Lupinus mollis - Stems with spreading hairs. The inflorescence is fairly dense and more oval or cylindrical in shape.


Habitat:

Prairies and sagebrush desert from the foothills into the lower mountains.


Range:

Sulphur Lupine ranges from British Columbia south along the eastern edge of the Cascades to California, and ranges eastward to Idaho.

It may be found down the Columbia River to the Willamette River Valley, and into southwestern Washington.


Flower of Bingen Lupine: Lupinus sulphureus var. subsaccatus (Synonyms: Lupinus bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. albus, Lupinus bingenensis var. bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. dubius, Lupinus bingenensis var. roseus, Lupinus bingenensis var. subsaccatus, Lupinus leucopsis var. bingenensis, Lupinus leucopsis var. dubius, Lupinus leucopsis var. hendersonianus, Lupinus leucopsis var. shermanensis, Lupinus sulphureus ssp. subsaccatus) - Inflorescence of Bingen Lupine: Lupinus sulphureus var. subsaccatus (Synonyms: Lupinus bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. albus, Lupinus bingenensis var. bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. dubius, Lupinus bingenensis var. roseus, Lupinus bingenensis var. subsaccatus, Lupinus leucopsis var. bingenensis, Lupinus leucopsis var. dubius, Lupinus leucopsis var. hendersonianus, Lupinus leucopsis var. shermanensis, Lupinus sulphureus ssp. subsaccatus)

Bingen lupine as seen atop the Columbia Hills..........May 14, 2006.

Stem of Bingen Lupine: Lupinus sulphureus var. subsaccatus (Synonyms: Lupinus bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. albus, Lupinus bingenensis var. bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. dubius, Lupinus bingenensis var. roseus, Lupinus bingenensis var. subsaccatus, Lupinus leucopsis var. bingenensis, Lupinus leucopsis var. dubius, Lupinus leucopsis var. hendersonianus, Lupinus leucopsis var. shermanensis, Lupinus sulphureus ssp. subsaccatus)

The hairs on the stems of Bingen lupine are largely appressed, as seen in this photo. The similar whitish lupine (Lupinus mollis) has hairs that are generally spreading on the stems.

Close-up of an inflorescence of Bingen Lupine: Lupinus sulphureus var. subsaccatus (Synonyms: Lupinus bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. albus, Lupinus bingenensis var. bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. dubius, Lupinus bingenensis var. roseus, Lupinus bingenensis var. subsaccatus, Lupinus leucopsis var. bingenensis, Lupinus leucopsis var. dubius, Lupinus leucopsis var. hendersonianus, Lupinus leucopsis var. shermanensis, Lupinus sulphureus ssp. subsaccatus) - Flower of Bingen Lupine: Lupinus sulphureus var. subsaccatus (Synonyms: Lupinus bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. albus, Lupinus bingenensis var. bingenensis, Lupinus bingenensis var. dubius, Lupinus bingenensis var. roseus, Lupinus bingenensis var. subsaccatus, Lupinus leucopsis var. bingenensis, Lupinus leucopsis var. dubius, Lupinus leucopsis var. hendersonianus, Lupinus leucopsis var. shermanensis, Lupinus sulphureus ssp. subsaccatus)

Early blooming Bingen lupine as seen along the Lyle-Cherry Orchard Trail, Columbia River Gorge.........April 2, 2015.

Paul Slichter