[Wildflower Bloom Reports for the Columbia River Gorge: 2013]

Wildflower Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington

Memaloose State Park

March 22 & 24, 2013

Oregon Meconella: Meconella oregana

Oregon Meconella: Meconella oregana

* Indicates the wildflower is currently in bloom.

Puffballs:

Umbrella Liverwort: Marchantia polymorpha ?

Lichen: Leptogium sp.

Lichen: Parmelia sp.

Dog Lichen: Peltigera sp. - grayish surface.

Red Glossy Bryum Moss: Bryum miniatum

Oakmoss: Evernia (prunastri ?)

Juniper Haircap Moss: Polytrichum juniperinum

Awned Hairycap Moss: Polytrichum pilferum

Elongate Racomitrium Moss: Racomitrium (elongatum ?)

Wallace's Spikemoss: Selaginella wallacei

Scouring-rush Horsetail: Equisetum hyemale

Podfern: Aspidotis densa

Fragile Fern: Cystopteris fragilis

Licorice Fern: Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Gold Back Fern: Pentagramma triangularis ssp. triangularis

Imbricate Sword Fern: Polystichum imbricans ssp. imbricans

Bracken Fern: Pteridium aquilinum ssp. pubescens

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii

* Big-leaf Maple: Acer macrophyllum - Beginning to bloom.

Alder: Alnus sp.

Red Osier Dogwood: Cornus sericea

Black Cottonwood: Populus trichocarpa

Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana

Black Locust: Robinia pseudoacacia

Lilac: Syringia sp. - Within the campground.

* Long-anthered Woodrush: Luzula macrantha

Bristly Dog's-tail Grass: Cynosurus echinatus

Bottlebrush Squirreltail: Elymus elymoides

Bulbous Blue Grass: Poa bulbosa

* Leiberg's Bluegrass: Poa leibergii

* Nevada Bluegrass: Poa secunda ssp. juncifolia - Fairly numerous.

Bluebunch Wheatgrass: Pseudoroegneria spicatum

Daffodils: Narcissus sp. - This area had an old homestead on it.

Tapertip Onion: Allium accuminatum - In bud.

Sagebrush Mariposa: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus - Basal leaves.

Ookow, Ball-head Cluster Lily: Dichelostemma congestum

* Pale-anther Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum var. pallidum

* Yellow Bells: Fritillaria pudica - Fading out of bloom.

Deathcamas: Toxicoscoridion sp.

Bicolored Cluster Lily: Triteleia grandiflora ssp. howellii

Hyacinth Cluster Lily: Triteleia hyacinthina

* Grass Widows: Olsynium douglasii (old var. douglasii) - Fading out of bloom.

Long-spurred Rein Orchid: Piperia elegans ? - (basal leaves only, so this could also be Piperia unalascensis or one of the other 3 rein orchids)

Common Bastard Toad-flax: Comandra umbellata var. californica

Heart-leaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum

Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum

Snow Buckwheat: Eriogonum niveum

Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum var. proliferum

Sheep Sorrel: Rumex acetosella

Curly Dock: Rumex crispus

* Streambank Springbeauty: Claytonia parviflora ssp. parviflora

* Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata

* Red Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia rubra ssp. rubra ?

Bitterroot: Lewisia rediviva

* Line-leaf Montia: Montia linearis

Sticky Mouse-ear Chickweed: Cerastium glomeratum

* Jagged Chickweed: Holosteum umbellatum

* Chickweed: Stellaria media

Shiny Starwort: Stellaria nitens

* Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum var. nuttallianum - A few plants blooming near Memaloose Overlook.

* Western Buttercup: Ranunculus occidentalis var. occidentalis

* Shining Oregon Grape: Berberis aquifolium

* Littleleaf Rockcress: Arabis microphylla - Beginning to bloom on rocky cliffs along the road west from the eastbound rest area.

American Wintercress: Barbarea orthoceras - In bud.

* Hairy Bittercress: Cardamine hirsuta

* Oaks Toothwort: Cardamine nuttallii var. nuttallii

* Little Western Bittercress: Cardamine oligosperma

* Spring Whitlow-grass: Draba verna var. boerhaavii

Scalepod: Idahoa scapigera

Water Cress: Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum

Thickleaved Thelypody: Thelypodium laciniatum var. laciniatum

* Fringe Pod: Thysanocarpus curvipes

* Dutchman's Breeches: Dicentra cucullaria

Leiberg's Stonecrop: Sedum leibergii - In bud.

Broad-leaf Stonecrop: Sedum spathulifolium

* Bulblet Prairie Star: Lithophragma bulbifera

* Smooth Praire Star: Lithophragma glabrum

* Small-flowered Prairie Star: Lithophragma parviflorum - Beginning to bloom.

* Peak Saxifrage: Saxifraga nidifica var. claytoniifolia

* Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia var. integrifolia

Merten's Saxifrage: Saxifraga mertensiana

* Rustyhair Saxifrage: Saxifraga rufidula

Golden Currant: Ribes aureum - In bud. Plantings in the campground.

* Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum - Plantings in the campground.

Mock Orange: Philadelphus lewisii - Beginning to leaf out.

Cusick's Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia (var. cusickii ?) - Beginning to leaf out & flower buds forming.

Western Lady's Mantle: Aphanes arvensis

Hawthorn: Crataegus sp.

Antelope Bitterbrush: Purshia tridentata - Leafing out.

Pearhip Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana ?

Himalayan Blackberry: Rubus armeniacus

Evergreen Blackberry: Rubus laciniata

Blackcap: Rubus leucodermis

Trailing Blackberry: Rubus ursinus

Steeple Bush: Spiraea douglasii (var. menziesii ?) - Beginning to leaf out.

Common Broad-leaf Lupine: Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus

Small-flowered Lupine: Lupinus micranthus ? - Small annual: Basal leaves only.

Rabbitsfoot Clover: Trifolium arvense

Bighead Clover: Trifolium macrocephalum

Clover: Trifolium sp.

Vetch: Vicia sp.

* Filaree: Erodium cicutarium

Dove'sfoot Geranium: Geranium molle

Klamathweed: Hypericum perforatum

Poison Oak: Toxicodendron diversiloba - A few plants beginning to leaf out.

Annual Willowherb: Epilobium brachycarpum

Ciliate Willowherb: Epilobium ciliatum (ssp. ?)

Chervil: Anthriscus scandicina

* Columbia Desert Parsley: Lomatium columbianum

* Fern-leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium dissectum var. dissectum

* Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayi

* Biscuitroot: Lomatium macrocarpum (yellow-flowered form)

* Salt and Pepper: Lomatium piperi - Fading out of bloom.

* Nineleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium triternatum var. triternatum

Gairdner's Yampah: Perideridia gairdneri

Western Snakeroot: Sanicula crassicaulis

* Desert Shooting Star: Dodecatheon conjugens - Beginning to bloom.

* Poet's Shooting Star: Dodecatheon poeticum - Beginning to bloom.

Narrowleaf Milkweed: Asclepias fascicularis

* Midget Phlox: Microsteris gracilis

Ball-head Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii

* Meadow Nemophila: Nemophila pedunculata

Variedleaf Phacelia: Phacelia heterophylla

* Rigid Fiddleneck: Amsinckia retrorsa

* Slender Popcorn Flower: Plagiobothrys tenellus

Selfheal: Prunella vulgaris (var. ?)

Attenuate Paintbrush: Castilleja attenuata

* Large-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia grandiflora

* Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora

* Few-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia sparsiflora

Dalmatian Todflax: Linaria dalmatica

* Chickweed Monkeyflower: Mimulus alsinoides

Common Monkey Flower: Mimulus guttatus

* Small-flowered Tonella: Tonella tenella

Moth Mullein: Verbascum blatteria

Common Mullein: Verbascum thapsus

English Plantain: Plantago lanceolata

Common Plantain: Plantago major

* Bedstraw: Galium aparine var. echinospermum

Big Root: Marah oreganus

Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus - Beginning to leaf out.

Teasel: Dipsacus sylvestris

Yarrow: Achillea millefolium

Western Wormwood: Artemisia ludoviciana (ssp. candicans or ssp. ludoviciana ?)

Big Sagebrush: Artemisia tridentata var. tridentata

Aster: Symphyotrichum sp.

* Northwestern Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza deltoidea (or B. careyana?, or a hybrid between the two?) - Beginning to bloom.

Diffuse Knapweed: Centaurea diffusa

Bull Thistle: Cirsium vulgare

Columbia Coreopsis: Coreopsis atkinsoniana

Gray Hawksbeard: Crepis intermedia

* Gold Stars: Crocidium multicaule

Hairy Goldaster: Heterotheca villosa

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri (var. cynoglossoides ?)

Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus (var. exaltatus ?)

Sow Thistle: Sonchus sp.


Animals Seen Along This Route Today:

Beaver - Trails and gnawed trees along river.

California Ground Squirrels

Great Blue Heron - Flying over the Columbia River.

Turkey Vultures

Bald Eagle

Red-tailed Hawks

Canada Geese

Double-crested Cormorants

Common Mergansers

Buffleheads

Ring-billed Ducks

Clark's Grebes

Northern Flicker

Downy Woodpeckers

Pileated Woodpecker

Ravens

Scrub Jays

Stellers Jays

Western Meadowlarks

Spotted Towhees

American Robins

Townsend Solitaire

Golden-crowned Sparrows

Dark-eyed Juncos

Black-capped Chickadees

Bewick's Wren

Bushtits

Yellow-rumped Warblers

Western Fence Lizards

Tree Frog

Frogs - Croaking at numerous moist spots near the Columbia River.

Large Bumble Bees

Caddisfly larva in puddles

 


Paul Slichter