[The Currant Family in the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Redflower Currant, Red-flowering Currant

Ribes sanguineum

Close-up of the flowers of Redflower Currant, Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum var. sanguineum

Red-flowering currant as seen blooming in Memaloose State Park Campground, Columbia River Gorge..........March 22, 2013.

Leaves and inflorescence of Redflower Currant, Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum var. sanguineumThe photo at right shows a close-up view of the pendant inflorescence and a young leaf of red-flowering currant as seen along the Mt. Adams Highway.........May 6, 2006.
Characteristics:

The red-flowering currant is an attractive erect, upland deciduous shrub from 1-3 meters high. The branches are reddish brown and covered with fine hairs. The leaves alternate on the branches and are palmately-veined. The blade has 3-5 rounded lobes, and the margins are double-toothed. The blades measure 3-9 cm across and are usually wider than long. The base of the leaf is cordate and the surface of the leaves is deeply wrinkled.

The arching or drooping racemes are 10-25 flowered. Individual flowers are about 9-15 mm long and a bright pink or red in color. The calyx is tubular-cylindrical and red, with 5 spreading sepals.. The 5 petals are each spatulate or wedge-shaped and may be red or white and on the same axis as the tube. The fruit is blue-black in color with a white bloom.

The berries of red-flowering currant are edible dried or raw, and they may be used in jams or wine. It is host to white pine rust, a fungal disease which may kill many 5-needled pines. Many red-flowering currants have been eliminated in urban areas for this reason. The leaves are browsed by many herbivores and the berries are consumed by many small mammals or birds. The flower may attract early season hummingbirds looking for nectar.


Habitat:

Red-flowering currant is found in dry, open woods near wetlands. It is generally shade-intolerant.


Range:

Red-flowering currant may be found from British Columbia south to the Coast Range of California south of San Francisco. It is found from the east slope of the Cascades westward to the coast in Washington and Oregon, but only west of the Cascades and Sierra Nevada to the south.

In the Columbia River Gorge, it may be found between the elevations of 100'-3800' from Troutdale, OR east to the western fringes of The Dalles, OR.


Upper leaf surface of Redflower Currant, Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum var. sanguineumLower leaf surface of Redflower Currant, Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum var. sanguineum


Redflower Currant, Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum var. sanguineum - Redflower Currant, Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum var. sanguineum

Red-flowering currant blooming (left) along the Grassy Knoll Trail #146, Gifford Pinchot National Forest.........May 15, 2015. The photo at right shows red-flowering currant as seen high above Rowland Lake between the Labyrinth and Catherine Creek..........April 13, 2016.

Redflower Currant, Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum var. sanguineum

Red-flowering currant in bloom at the upper falls at McCord Creek in the Columbia River Gorge..........April 20, 2009.

Inflorescence of Redflower Currant, Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum var. sanguineum

Red-flowering currant blooming along the trail high on Hardy Ridge, Beacon Rock State Park.........April 20, 2015.

Leaf and inflorescence of Redflower Currant, Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum var. sanguineum

The photo above shows red-flowering currant as seen in the webmaster's yard in Gresham, OR...........April 2005.

Paul Slichter