[The Lupines of the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine

Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius

Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp.thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii

Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine surrounded by bare-stem desert parsley at mid-elevation on the Dalles Mt Rd..............April 24, 2006.

Close-up of the keel of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)The photo at right shows a close-up of the flower of Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine from the Dalles Mt. Road.............April 24, 2006. Note that the banner is considerably reflexed back from the wings. Note also the keel which is visible in this view.
Characteristics:

The USDA website currently has this lupine classified as plumas lupine, Lupinus onustus. The Oregon Plant Atlas currently classifies this lupine as Lupinus latifolius X sericeus.

Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine is an attractive perennial with erect stems up to 1 meter in height, varying with variety from sparsely haired to heavily haired. The stems typically have 6-8 leaves with the lower leaves having petioles 2-3 times longer than the blade. The lower leaves tend to persist through flowering time. The petioles of the upper leaves range from 1-2 times longer than the blades. The 7-9 leaflets are elliptic to obovate in shape and each ranges from 3-6 cm long and 10-20 mm wide. The upper leaf surface tends to be less haired than the lower surface.

The inflorescence consists of several showy racemes from 10-20 cm long. the thin flower pedicels range from 4-9 mm long. The flowers range from light blue to bluish or lavender, or may be marked with bright violet. The flowers range from 12-15 mm long. The back of the banner lacks hairs and is distinctly well reflexed backwards from the wings and keel (Index = 15-30.) The wings lack hairs and completely cover the curved keel.The calyx is silky to shaggy-haired and lacks a spur or sac. The upper calyx lip is shallowly double-toothed. The seed pods range from 2-3 cm long and average 8 mm wide.


Varieties:

Columbia Gorge Lupine: var. thompsonianus - Plants of low-mid elevation in the eastern Columbia River Gorge. Plants covered with whitish to reddish hairs on the calyx, within the inflorescence, and often on the leaves and stems. The keel is nonciliate. Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine is often well over 25 cm tall.

Subalpine Lupine: L. arcticus ssp. subalpinus (formerly var. subalpinus) - Plants of alpine and subalpine ridges and meadows from Alaska south to the Cascade Mts. Plants covered with whitish to reddish hairs on the calyx, within the inflorescence, and often on the leaves and stems. The keel is ciliate and plants tend to range from 10-25 cm in height.

Broadleaf Lupine: L. latifolius ssp. latifolius (formerly var. latifolius) - Plants of open meadows and grasslands or open woods from the coast to open montane slopes, mostly west of the Cascades from southern British Columbia south to the Sierra Nevada of California. Plants covered with straight, appressed hairs all pointing the same direction. Common broad-leaf lupine is usually over 25 cm tall.


Spreading stem hairs of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

Habitat:

Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine may be found on grasslands and open oak and ponderosa pine woods.


Range:

Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine is endemic to the Columbia River Gorge. The species as a whole may be found from the Cascade Mts. to the coast from Alaska south to California.

In the Columbia River Gorge, it may be found between the elevations of 100'-2200' from the White Salmon River east to east of Biggs, OR. It can also be found northward across the Major Creek Plateau and up the Klickitat River canyon.


Close-up of the flower of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

Another view of the flower of Columbia Gorge Lupine, the Dalles Mt. Road.........April 24, 2006.

Upper calyx lobes of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

View down upon the back of the banner and at the upper calyx which is bidentate. There are no hairs on the back of the banner.

Dorsal leaflet surface of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii) - Ventral leaflet surface of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

The photos above show the dorsal side (left) and ventral side (right) of the leaflets of Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine. Note the dense coat of spreading whitish hairs on both side of the leaflet. Note also that the base color of the leaflet still remains greenish. Click on each photo to see an enlarged version.

Calyx and keel of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

The photo above shows a close-up view of the keel and calyx of a flower of Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine as seen near Stacker Butte in the Columbia Hills.........June 8, 2008. Note that the upper calyx lobe is much broaer than the lower lobe, a characteristic to help identify this species from the similar Lupinus rivularis.

Close-up of the flower of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii) - Close-up of the keel of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

The photos above show various views of Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine as seen near Stacker Butte in the Columbia Hills of the Columbia River Gorge........June 8, 2008. Click on each photo to see an enlarged version.

Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

Palmately compound leaves of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii) - Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii) - Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine blooming on the southeast slopes of Sevenmile Hill several miles northwest of The Dalles, Oregon..........April 12, 2015 (upper photo). Photo at lower left of the young, newly arisen leaves of Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine on Sevenmile Hill...........February 13, 2015. At lower center and right are examples of blooming Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine blooming at the same location............March 30, 2015.

Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii) - Inflorescence of Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

Columbia Gorge lupine beginning to bloom on the grounds of The Dalles Discovery Center.........April 5, 2016.

Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

A close-up of Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine as seen beginning to bloom along the Klickitat Trail about 1 mile upstream of Fisher Hill Road........April 4, 2010.

Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

Columbia Gorge broad-leaf lupine as seen at Catherine Creek in the Columbia River Gorge...........May 10, 2009.

Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

The leafy stem and raceme of Columbia Gorge lupine as seen along a mountain biking trail in oak forest above Rowland Lake, west of Catherine Creek in the Columbia River Gorge..........April 15, 2010.

Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

The twin seed leaves or cotyledons of a seedling of Columbia Gorge lupine as seen along the Cherry Orchard Trail about one mile east of Lyle, Washington..........February 9, 2013.

Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine, Suksdorf's Lupine, Thompson's Broad-leaved Lupine: Lupinus latifolius x sericeus var. latifolius (Synonyms: Lupinus latifolius ssp. thompsonianus, Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus ssp. sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus sericeus var. thompsonianus, Lupinus suksdorfii)

Columbia Gorge lupine and Carey's balsamroot beginning to bloom high in the Columbia Hills State Park........April 12, 2014.

Paul Slichter