[Wildflower Bloom in Central and Eastern Oregon: 2011]

Canyon Mountain Trail # 218

Malheur National Forest

A Native Plant Society of Oregon Field Trip

June 21, 2011

View south towards the north-facing slopes of Baldy Mountain where there are still several feet of snow on the ground, although the snow depth is much shallower on the side facing the south. 4WD vehicles can drive to the Pine Creek Trailhead on the north side of Baldy Mt., and regular passenger vehicles can approach to within one-quarter to one-half mile without fear of getting stuck in a snow drift.

View southeast towards Canyon Mountain from the first mile of the Canyon Mt. Trail #218. Photographed on June 21, 2011.

* indicates wildflowers currently in bloom.

The Canyon Mt. Trail Road is now open to the trailhead. Although recently improved, the road currently (as of June 21) has large swales (reminiscent of giant washboards) that are hazardous to low-slung vehicles and make your auto feel like a bucking and careening bronco. Hopefully the county road crew will get up there to blade and smooth out the road. Also keep a watch out for ATVs, 4WD vehicles, and dirt bikes speeding down the road or crossing the road via the numerous trails that criss-cross the route. The trail appears to be snow free at least as far as Dog Creek, although there aren't many plants in bloom beyond that point.

Comprehensive Plant List for Canyon Mt.

Wallace's Spikemoss: Selaginella wallacei

Indian's Dream: Aspidotis densa

Lace Lipfern: Cheilanthes gracillima

Fragile Fern: Cystopteris fragilis - No sori present yet for a solid id.

Bracken Fern: Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens

Low Mounatain Juniper: Juniperus communis var. saxatilis

Western Juniper: Juniperus occidentalis

Western Larch: Larix occidentalis

Lodgepole Pine: Pinus contorta var. latifolia

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii

* Elk Sedge: Carex geyeri

* Ross' Sedge: Carex rossii or Northwestern Sedge: Carex concinnoides ?

* Bulbous Bluegrass: Poa bulbosa

* Sandberg's Bluegrass: Poa secunda ssp. secunda

* Small Onion: Allium parvum

* Tolmie's Onion: Allium tolmiei

Pacific Swamp Onion: Allium validum

Sagebrush Mariposa: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus

* Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum var. grandiflorum

* Spotted Fritillary: Fritillaria atropurpurea

False Solomon Seal: Maianthemum racemosum

* Panicled Deathcamas: Zigadenus paniculatus

* Fairy Slippers: Calypso bulbifera

Rattlesnake Plantain: Goodyera oblongifolia

Alaska Rein Orchid: Piperia unalascensis

American Bistort: Bistorta bistortoides - In bud.

Piper's Golden Buckwheat: Eriogonum flavum var. piperi

Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum (var. ?)

Sulfur Flower Buckwheat: Eriogonum umbellatum (var. ?)

* Western Springbeauty: Claytonia lanceolata

* Bitterroot: Lewisia rediviva

Ballhead Sandwort: Eremogone congesta var. congesta - In bud.

* Jagged Chickweed: Holosteum umbellatum

* Brittle Sandwort: Minuartia nuttallii var. fragilis

* Bigleaf Sandwort: Moehringia macrophylla

Western Columbine: Aquilegia formosa

* Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum var. nuttallianum

False Bugbane: Trautvetteria caroliniensis ? or Columbia Monkshood: Aconitum columbianum ssp. columbianum - Basal leaves only.

* Creeping Oregon Grape: Berberis repens

* Pale Alyssum: Alyssum alyssoides

* Nuttall's Draba: Draba densifolia

* Rough Wallflower: Erysimum capitatum var capitatum

* Alpine Pennycress: Noccaea fendleri ssp. glauca

* Western Twin Bladderpod: Physaria occidentalis ssp. occidentalis

* Heartleaf Jewelflower: Streptanthus cordatus - Beginning to bloom.

Lanceleaf Stonecrop: Sedum lanceolatum - In bud.

Wormleaf Stonecrop: Sedum stenopetalum

Alpine Alumroot: Heuchera cylindrica var. alpina

* Bulblet Prairie Stars: Lithophragma bulbifera

Nesting Saxifrage: Micranthes nidifica (Saxifraga integrifolia var. leptopetala)

Mitrewort: Mitella stauropetala or Mitella trifida

Fringed Grass-of-Parnassus: Parnassia fimbriata

Rusty-haired Saxifrage: Micranthes rufidula (Saxifraga occidentalis var. rufidula)

* Wax Currant: Ribes cereum var. cereum

* Sticky Currant: Ribes viscosissimum

Currant: Ribes sp.

Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia (var. ?)

Mountain Mahogany: Cercocarpus ledifolius var. ledifolius

Woods Strawberry: Fragaria vesca ssp. bracteata

* Broadpetal Strawberry: Fragaria virginiana ssp. platypetala

Prairie Smoke: Geum triflorum ssp. ciliatum

Diverse-leaved Cinquefoil: Potentilla glaucophylla var. glaucophylla

Sticky Cinquefoil: Potentilla glandulosa (var. ?)

Bittercherry: Prunus emarginata var. emarginata

Sitka Burnet: Sanguisorba stipulata (S. canadensis)

Cascade Mountain Ash: Sorbus scopulina

Spiraea: Spiraea sp.

* Whitney's Balloon Milkvetch: Astragalus whitneyi var. sonneanus

Spurred Lupine: Lupinus arbustus ? - In bud.

* Hooked-spur Violet: Viola adunca

* Roundleaf Violet: Viola orbiculata

* Goosefoot Violet: Viola purpurea ssp. venosa

Snowbrush: Ceanothus velutinus var. velutinus

Soapberry: Shepherdia canadensis

Fireweed: Chamerion angustifolium

* Small-flowered Willowherb: Epilobium minutum

Sharptooth Angelica: Angelica arguta ?

*Fennel Cymopteris: Cymopterus terebinthinus var. foeniculaceus

* Glaucous Desert Parsley: Lomatium donnellii

* Henderson's Desert Parsley: Lomatium hendersonii

Creek Dogwood: Cornus sericea

Pinemat Manzanita: Arctostaphylos nevadensis

Pipsissewa: Chimaphila umbellata

Sidebells Wintergreen: Orthilia secunda

Thinleaf Huckleberry: Vaccinium membranaceum ?

Grouseberry: Vaccinium scoparium

* Desert Shooting Stars: Dodecatheon conjugens

* Tall Mountain Shooting Star: Dodecatheon jeffreyi

Cusick's Elkweed: Frasera albicaulis var. cusickii - In bud.

Ballheaded Gilia: Ipomopsis congesta (ssp. ?)

Phlox: Phlox sp.

* Ballhead Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. alpinum

Cockscomb Cryptantha: Cryptantha celosioides (and/or Snake River Cryptanth: Cryptantha spiculifera ?) - The former was observed, but the latter is also found in the area. Both look close enough alike that you would have to look closely at each and every plant to know for certain whether both species are here or not.

* Long-flowered Bluebells: Mertensia longiflora

Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima

* Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei (var. pintetorum ?)

* Narrow-leaved Paintbrush: Castilleja linariifolia ?

* Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora

Common Monkeyflower: Mimulus guttatus

* Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus

Tapertip Penstemon: Penstemon attenuatus var. palustris - In bud.

Yellow Penstemon: Penstemon confertus - In bud.

* Clustered Broomrape: Orobanche fasciculata

English Plantain: Plantago lanceolata

Shrubby Bedstraw: Galium multiflorum or Serpentine Bedstraw: Galium serpenticum

Twinflower: Linnaea borealis

Elderberry: Sambucus sp.

Mountain Snowberry: Symphoricarpos oreophilus

Yarrow: Achillea millefolium - In bud.

Pearly Everlasting: Anaphalis margaritacea

* Heartleaf Arnica: Arnica cordifolia

* Serrate Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza serrata

Thistle: Cirsium sp. (native ?)

Western Hawksbeard: Crepis occidentalis - In bud.

Hawksbeard: Crepis sp. - In bud.

Showy Rubber Rabbitbrush: Ericameria nauseosa (var. speciosa ?)

Woolly Sunflower: Eriophyllum lanatum var. integrifolium - In bud.

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri

Nodding Microseris: Microseris nutans - In bud.

Woolly Groundsel: Packera cana

* Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus var. exaltatus

* Common Dandelion: Taraxacum officinale


Animals seen along this route:

Belding Ground Squirrels

Western Tanagers

Red-breasted Nuthatches

Sara's Orange-tip

Anise Swallowtails

Ticks


Canyon Mountain Trail #218, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness...........June 21, 2011. - View towards the Greenhorn Mountains from Canyon Mountain Trail #218, Strawberry Mountain Wilderness...........June 21, 2011.

Several additional views of the Canyon Mountain Trail #218, Strawberry Mt. Wilderness.............June 2, 2011. The photo at left shows the native grass and sedge slopes under the conifers along the trail. Only a few weedy grasses can be found along the trail. The photo at right looks north towards the Greenhorn and Elkhorn Mountains from the trail.

Paul Slichter