[Monkey Flowers East of the Cascade Mts.]

Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower

Mimulus nanus var. nanus

Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis

Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis)

Dwarf purple monkey flower as seen along forest road #4030 on the eastern slopes of Mt. Misery in the Umatilla N.F. of southeastern Oregon........................July 7, 2008.

Characteristics:

Dwarf purple monkey flower is an attractive annual with low growth habits, rarely exceeding 10 cm in height. Its branching ranges from simple to well branched and its herbage is somewhat finely glandular. The leaves are inconspicuously 3-5 veined with entire margins. The blades of the lower leaves are oblanceolate while the upper are elliptic or elliptic-oblong or narrowly ovate and they may be up to 3.5 cm long and 1 cm wide.

The showy flowers are crowded on the upper stems with the corollas tubular and with the lobes two-lipped (2 above and 3 below) and about equal in size. The corolla ranges from 1-2.5 cm long and is a rich magenta in color with yellow and deeper red marks in the throat. The withered corolla may persist for some time after flowering. The calyx is 5-8 mm long with 5 lobes that are equally cleft.


Habitat:

Dwarf purple monkey flower lives in dry open areas, often in sand, gravel or talus, from the plains up into the foothills.


Range:

Dwarf purple monkey flower may be found from central Washington south to the east of the Cascades to northern California and east to southwestern Montana, northwestern Wyoming, and northeastern Nevada.


Sideview of the flower of Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis)

This photo shows a close-up sideview of the calyx and corolla of dwarf purple monkey flower as seen along forest road #4030 on the eastern slopes of Mt. Misery in the Umatilla N.F. of southeastern Oregon........................July 7, 2008. Note the cluster of basal leaves and the numerous gland-tipped hairs on the leaves, stems and calyx.

Close-up of the flower of Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis)

This photo shows a close-up frontal view of the corolla of dwarf purple monkey flower as seen along forest road #4030 on the eastern slopes of Mt. Misery in the Umatilla N.F. of southeastern Oregon........................July 7, 2008. Note the numerous hairs on the lower 3 corolla lobes.

Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis) - Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis)

Gland-tipped stem hairs of Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis) - Stem leaf of Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis)

Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis) - Sideview of the corolla and calyx of Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis) - Close-up frontal view of the corolla of Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis)

Close-ups of dwarf purple monkeyflower as seen along Oregon Highway 19 near the Shelton State Wayside......................June 30, 2010. The spring and early summer of 2010 were exceptionally cool and wet east of the Cascade Mts and thus annuals such as this species flourished, with many samples of this species having multibranched stems and numerous blossoms (compared with the single-flowered specimens seen below which tend to be more the norm during drier years.

Habitat of Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis) - Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis) - Frontal view of the flower of Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower: Mimulus nanus var. nanus (Synonyms: Eunanus austiniae, Eunanus nanus, Eunanus tolmiei, Mimulus austiniae, Mimulus microphyton, Mimulus nanus ssp. cascadensis, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus reifschneiderae, Mimulus tolmiei, Mimulus washoensis)

Additional photos of dwarf purple monkeyflower as seen atop Baldy Mountain, Strawberry Wilderness.................July 2, 2010.

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Dwarf purple monkey flower from near La Pine, OR. Note the yellow and darker red markings in the throat of the corolla.


Paul Slichter