[Monkey Flowers East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]
Dwarf Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkeyflower, Dwarf Purple Monkey Flower
Synonyms: Mimulus nanus, Mimulus nanus ssp. nanus, Mimulus nanus var. nanus
Dwarf purple monkey flower as seen along forest road #4030 on the eastern slopes of Mt. Misery in the Umatilla N.F. of southeastern Oregon........July 7, 2008.
Dwarf purple monkey flower is an attractive annual with low
growth habits, rarely exceeding 10 cm in height. Its branching ranges from simple
to well branched and its herbage is somewhat finely glandular. The leaves are
inconspicuously 3-5 veined with entire margins. The blades of the lower leaves
are oblanceolate while the upper are elliptic or elliptic-oblong or narrowly
ovate and they may be up to 3.5 cm long and 1 cm wide.
The showy flowers are crowded on the upper stems with the corollas
tubular and with the lobes two-lipped (2 above and 3 below) and about equal
in size. The corolla ranges from 1-2.5 cm long and is a rich magenta in color
with yellow and deeper red marks in the throat. The withered corolla may persist
for some time after flowering. The calyx is 5-8 mm long with 5 lobes that are
Dwarf purple monkey flower lives in dry open areas, often in sand,
gravel or talus, from the plains up into the foothills.
Dwarf purple monkey flower may be found from central Washington
south to the east of the Cascades to northern California and east to southwestern
Montana, northwestern Wyoming, and northeastern Nevada.
This photo shows a close-up sideview of the calyx and corolla of dwarf purple monkey flower as seen along forest road #4030 on the eastern slopes of Mt. Misery in the Umatilla N.F. of southeastern Oregon.......July 7, 2008. Note the cluster of basal leaves and the numerous gland-tipped hairs on the leaves, stems and calyx.
This photo shows a close-up frontal view of the corolla of dwarf purple monkey flower as seen along forest road #4030 on the eastern slopes of Mt. Misery in the Umatilla N.F. of southeastern Oregon........July 7, 2008. Note the numerous hairs on the lower 3 corolla lobes.
Close-ups of dwarf purple monkeyflower as seen along Oregon Highway 19 near the Shelton State Wayside........June 30, 2010. The spring and early summer of 2010 were exceptionally cool and wet east of the Cascade Mts and thus annuals such as this species flourished, with many samples of this species having multibranched stems and numerous blossoms (compared with the single-flowered specimens seen below which tend to be more the norm during drier years.
Additional photos of dwarf purple monkeyflower as seen atop Baldy Mountain, Strawberry Wilderness.......July 2, 2010.
The photo at left shows dwarf purple monkeyflower blooming on steep, gravelly slopes along the trail from the Steens Mountain summit down to Wildhorse Lake, Harney County, Oregon..........July 10, 2014. The photo at right shows dwarf purple monkeyflower along FS Road #2230 between Mount Pisgah and East Point, Ochoco National Forest........June 13, 2015.
Dwarf purple monkeyflower blooming on vernally moist soils along Forest Service Road #2230 between Mount Pisgah and East Point, Ochoco National Forest..........June 13, 2015.
Dwarf purple monkey flower from near La Pine, OR. Note the yellow and darker red markings in the throat of the