[Wildflower Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington: 2015]

Currently Blooming Wildflowers in the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington

May 31, 2015

Brooks Memorial State Park (US 97 near Satus Pass)

A Native Plant Society of Oregon fieldtrip

Bog Deervetch, Meadow Bird's-foot Trefoil, Meadow Deervetch: Lotus pinnatus (Synonyms: Hosackia pinnata, Lotus bicolor)

Bog Deervetch, Meadow Bird's-foot Trefoil, Meadow Deervetch (Lotus pinnatus) as seen in a small stream at Brooks Memorial State Park...........May 19, 2014.

Weather: Sunny with a light breeze, averaging 5 mph. Temps in the mid to upper 70s to low 80s by the afternoon.

* Indicates the wildflower is currently in bloom.

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Click here for a fairly comprehensive plant list for Brooks Memorial State Park

Cowpie Lichen: Diploschistes muscorum

Antlered Perfume: Evernia prunastri

Brown-eyed Sunshine Lichen: Vulpicida canadensis

Fragile Fern: Cystopteris fragilis

Ferriss' Scouring Rush: Equisetum xferrissii (E. hyemale x laevigatum)

Common Scouring-rush: Equisetum hyemale

Bracken Fern: Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens

Water Moss: Fontinalis sp.

Haircap Juniper Moss: Polytrichum juniperinum

Polytrichum Moss: Polytrichum pilferum

* Sierra Rush: Juncus nevadensis var. nevadensis

Slender Rush: Juncus tenuis ? - In bud.

* Elk Sedge: Carex geyeri

* Lemmon's Needlegrass: Achnatherum lemmonii var. lemmonii - Beginning to bloom.

* Mountain Brome: Bromus carinatus var. marginatus ?

* Japanese Brome: Bromus japonicus

* Cheatgrass: Bromus tectorum

* California Oatgrass: Danthonia californica

* One-spike Oatgrass: Danthonia unispicata - Beginning to bloom.

* Bottlebrush Squirreltail: Elymus elymoides

* Prairie Junegrass: Koeleria macrantha

* Bulbous Bluegrass: Poa bulbosa

* Nevada Bluegrass: Poa secunda ssp. juncifolia

* Bluebunch Wheatgrass: Pseudoroegneria spicata

* Medusa Head: Taeniatherum caput-medusae

* North African Grass: Ventenata dubia

Pacific Silver Fir: Abies amabilis

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii

* Creek Dogwood: Cornus sericea - Blooming at the rest area.

Mock Orange: Philadelphus lewisii - In bud.

Quaking Aspen: Populus tremuloides

Black Cottonwood: Populus trichocarpa

Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana

Scouler's Willow: Salix scouleriana

* Tapertip Onion: Allium accuminatum

* Nevius' Onion: Allium nevii - Fading out of bloom.

Sagebrush Mariposa: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus

* Common Camas: Camassia quamash ssp. quamash - Fading out of bloom.

Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum - Past bloom.

* Columbia Lily: Lilium columbianum

* False Solomon Seal: Maianthemum racemosum ssp. amplexicaule

Star-flowered False Solomon Seal: Maianthemum stellatum

Panicle Death Camas: Toxicoscordion paniculatus - Fruits maturing.

* Meadow Death Camas: Toxicoscordion venonosus ssp. venonosus - Fading out of bloom.

* Bicolor Cluster Lily: Triteleia grandiflora

* Hyacinth Cluster Lily: Triteleia hyacinthina

Grass Widows: Olsynium douglasii var. inflatum - Past bloom.

* Spotted Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata

* Mountain Lady Slippers: Cypripedium montanum - Peak bloom.

Rein Orchid: Piperia sp.

* Heart-leaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum - Both cream and yellow-flowered forms.

* Rock Buckwheat: Eriogonum sphaerocephalum var. sublineare

Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum - Some plants in bud.

* Douglas Knotweed: Polygonum douglasii

* Close-flowered Knotweed: Polygonum polygaloides (ssp. confertiflorum ?) - Beginning to bloom.

Willow Dock: Rumex triangulivalvis

* Red Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia rubra ssp. rubra

* Linearleaf Montia: Montia linearis - Fading out of bloom.

Large-leaf Sandwort: Moehringia macrophylla

* Menzie's Catchfly: Silene menziesii

Western Columbine: Aquilegia formosa

* Meadow Larkspur: Delphinium distichum

* Little Buttercup: Ranunculus uncinatus

* Western Meadowrue: Thalictrum occidentale

Creeping Oregon Grape: Berberis repens - Fruits forming.

Spring Whitlow-grass: Draba verna var. boerhaavii

Scalepod: Idahoa scapigera - Pods visible.

* Small-flowered Prairie Star: Lithophragma parviflorum - Fading out of bloom.

* Northwestern Saxifrage: Micranthes fragosa - A few plants remain along streams.

Cusick's Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia var. cusickii - Fruits maturing.

Suksdorf's Hawthorn: Crataegus suksdorfii

* Broadpetal Strawberry: Fragaria virginiana ssp. platypetala

Ocean Spray: Holodiscus discolor - In bud.

Sticky Cinquefoil: Potentilla glandulosa var. glandulosa

Bitter Cherry: Prunus emarginata var. emarginata

Chokecherry: Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa - Past bloom.

Antelope Bitterbrush: Purshia tridentata

* Thimbleberry: Rubus parviflorus

Annual Burnet: Poteridium occidentale

* Bog Deervetch: Lotus pinnatus

American Bird's-foot Clover: Lotus unifoliolatus

* Spurred Lupine: Lupinus arbustus

Velvet Lupine: Lupinus leucophyllus - In bud along the park road. Probably the pink-flowered form.

* Wyeth Lupine: Lupinus wyethii

* Cup Clover: Trfolium cyathiferum

Big-head Clover: Trifolium macrocephalum

* Whitetip Clover: Trfolium variegatum

* American Vetch: Vicia americana

Sagebrush Violet: Viola trinervata - Leaves still visible.

Mahala Mat: Ceanothus prostratus

* Snowbrush: Ceanothus velutinus var. velutinus - In bloom along the park road.

* Sticky Geranium: Geranium viscosissimum var. incisum

Oregon Checker-mallow: Sidalcea oregana var. procera - In bud.

Fireweed: Chamerion angustifolium

* Slender Clarkia: Clarkia gracilis - Beginning to bloom.

* Elkhorns Clarkia: Clarkia pulchella - Beginning to bloom.

* Diamond Clarkia: Clarkia rhomboidea - Beginning to bloom.

Tall Annual Willowherb: Epilobium brachycarpum

* Ciliate Willowherb: Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum

* Small-flowered Willowherb: Epilobium minutum

* Diffuse Groundsmoke: Gayophytum diffusum (ssp. parviflorum ?) - Beginning to bloom.

Gray-leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium macrocarpum - Fruits maturing.

* Bare-stem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule - Fading out of bloom.

* Nine Leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium tridentatum var. triternatum - Fading out of bloom.

* Common Sweet Cicely: Osmorhiza berteroi

* Western Sweet Cicely: Osmorhiza occidentalis

Gairdner's Yampah: Perideridia gairdneri ssp. borealis

Pipsissewa: Chimaphila umbellata - In bud.

Pine Drops: Pterospora andromedea - New stalks arising.

White-vein Pyrola: Pyrola picta - A few plants in bud, including leafless individuals.

* Columbia Frasera: Frasera albicaulis var. columbiana

Flytrap Dogbane: Apocynum androsaemifolium

* Poet's Shooting Star: Dodecatheon poeticum - Fading out of bloom.

Large-flowered Collomia: Collomia grandiflora

* Midget Phlox: Microsteris gracilis var. gracilis

* Smooth-leaved Gilia: Navarretia capillaris

Prickly Navarretia: Navarretia intertexta (ssp. intertexta ?)

Hood's Phlox: Phlox hoodii

* Showy Phlox: Phlox speciosa - Fading out of bloom.

Ball-head Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. capitatum - Past bloom.

* Variedleaf Phacelia: Phacelia heterophylla (var. heterophylla ?)

* Weak-stemmed Cryptanth: Cryptantha flaccida ?

* Cryptanth: Cryptantha sp.

* Yellow and Blue Scorpiongrass: Myosotis discolor - Fading out of bloom.

Little Combseed: Pectocarya pusilla

* Matted Popcornflower: Plagiobothrys scouleri var. penicellatus

* Hairy Paintbrush: Castilleja tenuis

* Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora - Fading out of bloom.

* Common Monkeyflower: Erythranthe guttatus - Beginning to bloom.

* Tapertip Penstemon: Penstemon attenuatus

* Lowly Penstemon: Penstemon humilis

* Purslane Speedwell: Veronica peregrina var. xalpensis

* Cleavers: Galium aparine var. echinospermum

Northern Bedstraw: Galium boreale

Fragrant Bedstraw: Galium triflorum

* Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus

Rare-flowered Heterocodon: Heterocodon rariflorum

Yarrow: Achillea millefolium - In bud.

Annual Agoseris: Agoseris heterophylla - Seed heads visible.

* Spearleaf Agoseris: Agoseris retrorsa

Low Pussytoes: Antennaria dimorpha

* Woodrush Pussytoes: Antennaria luzuloides

* Rosy Pussytoes: Antennaria rosea - Beginning to bloom.

Heartleaf Arnica: Arnica cordifolia

* Twin Arnica: Arnica sororia - Fading out of bloom. The hairs at the base of the basal leaf petioles of the former species was not confirmed, although stems are fairly stout and the stem leaves are larger than those of the latter species.

* Carey's Balsamroot: Balsamhoriza careyana

Hooker's Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza hookeri var. hookeri - Past bloom.

Hybrid Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza careyana x hookeri - Past bloom.

Silvercrown: Cacaliopsis nardosmia - Past bloom.

Tumble Knapweed: Centaurea diffusa

* Dustymaidens: Chaenactis doulgasii var. douglasii - Beginning to bloom.

* Gray Hawksbeard: Crepis intermedia

Western Hawksbeard: Crepis occidentalis - Past bloom.

Gold Stars: Crocidium multicaule - Past bloom.

Bloom's Goldenweed: Ericameria bloomeri - New leaf growth.

California Rayless Daisy: Erigeron inornatus

Showy Aster: Eurybia conspicuua ?

Rough-leaved Aster: Eurybia radulina

* Least Tarweed: Hemizonella minima

White-flowered Hawkweed: Hieracium albiflorum - Beginning to bloom.

* Meadow Hawkweed: Hieracium cespitosum - Blooming near the park headquarters

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri var. cynoglossoides - In bud.

* Hareleaf: Lagophylla ramosissima - Beginning to bloom

* Least Tarweed: Madia exigua

Tarweed: Madia (gracilis or sativa ?) - In bud.

Cut-leaf Silverpuffs: Microseris laciniata (var. ?) - In bud.

* Nodding Microseris: Microseris nutans - Fading out of bloom.

False Agoseris: Nothocalais troximoides - Seed heads evident.

Woollyheads: Psilocarphus sp.

Columbia Goldenweed: Pyrrocoma carthamoides var. carthamoides - In bud.

* Bristle Head: Rigiopappus leptocladus - Beginning to bloom.

Yellow Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus var. exaltus - Past bloom.

* Common Dandylion: Taraxacum officinale

Salsify: Tragopogon dubius

* Northern Wyethia: Wyethia amplexicaulis - Fading out of bloom.

Animals Seen in Brooks Memorial State Park:

Pale Swallowtails

Great Arctics

Ochre Ringlets



Boisduval Blues

Square-spotted Blues

Silvery Blues



Northern Flickers

Spotted Towhees

Black-headed Grosbeaks

Western Meadowlarks

Western Tanagers

Western Bluebirds

Western Wood Peewees

Chipping Sparrows

Song Sparrow

Dark-eyed Juncos

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Black-capped Chickadees

Vaux's Swifts

Violet-green Swallows

House Wrens

Western Fence Lizards

California Ground Squirrels

Douglas Squirrels

Wildflower Bloom at Brooks Memorial State Park, Satus Pass........May 11, 2014 - Wildflower Bloom at Brooks Memorial State Park, Satus Pass........May 11, 2014

Wildflower Bloom at Brooks Memorial State Park, Satus Pass........May 11, 2014 - Wildflower Bloom at Brooks Memorial State Park, Satus Pass........May 11, 2014 - Wildflower Bloom at Brooks Memorial State Park, Satus Pass........May 11, 2014
The photo at upper left shows a vernally moist meadow with Nevius' onion (Allium nevii) beginning to bloom. The photo at upper right shows a vernally moist meadow with meadow deathcamas (Toxicoscordion venonosum) beginning to bloom. The photo at lower left shows a bald with numerous bitterbrush (Purshia tridentata) and Carey's balsamroot (Balsamorhiza careyana) blooming beneath an Oregon white oak (Quercus garryana) which itself is beginning to leaf out and bloom. The photo at lower center shows a grassy meadow above the Environmental Learning Center at Brooks Memorial State Park. The photo at lower right shows a wetter meadow with numerous common camas blooming........May 11, 2014.

Paul Slichter