[Coral Roots of the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Pacific Coralroot, Spotted Coralroot, Spotted Coral Root, Summer Coralroot

Corallorhiza maculata

Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata var. immaculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis

Pacific Coralroot, Spotted Coralroot, Spotted Coral Root, Summer Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata (Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata var. immaculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis)

The photo above shows a close-up of the attractive flowers of spotted coral root as seen along the Island Springs Trail on the eastern slopes of Mt. Adams........July 1, 2005. Note the reddish spots on the white, lower lip. Plants range from reddish (as this is) to a tan color.

Corallorhiza maculata The photo at right shows spotted coral root as seen from the Angel's Rest Trail in the Columbia River Gorge.......June 24, 1990. Note that this cluster of plants is more tan or brownish colored than the plants seen above.
Characteristics:

Spotted coral root is a small flowered orchid which grows to 40 cm tall. The plant is purplish to reddish in color, although it may be a somewhat yellow-tannish color as an albino form. The flowers number up to 30, and may be well spaced to crowded on the upper stem. The sepals are from 8 to 10 mm long, and narrowly oblong to narrowly oblanceolate in shape. The spur found on Corallorhiza mertensiana is absent or greatly reduced on this species.

The petals are slightly shorter than the sepals. The lower petal lip is white, with red spots covering it.

Corallorhiza maculata may be identified from Corallorhiza mertensiana by its generally lighter red coloration, white lower lip with red spots, and greatly reduced or absent spur.


Habitat:

Spotted coral root is found in moist, coniferous to deciduous forests.


Range:

Spotted coral root is found from British Columbia east to Quebec, and south through Michigan through the western United States to Utah, New Mexico, and northern Mexico.

In the Columbia River Gorge, spotted coral root is found between the elevations of 100'-4200' from about Multnomah Falls east to approximately Lyle, WA.


Pacific Coralroot, Spotted Coralroot, Spotted Coral Root, Summer Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata (Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata var. immaculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis) - Pacific Coralroot, Spotted Coralroot, Spotted Coral Root, Summer Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata (Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata var. immaculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis) - Pacific Coralroot, Spotted Coralroot, Spotted Coral Root, Summer Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata (Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata var. immaculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis)

Spotted coralroot as seen in mixed oak-conifer forest above the west side of the Klickitat River several miles downstream of Leidl Park, Klickitat State Wildlife Area..........May 15, 2013.

Inflorescence of Pacific Coralroot, Spotted Coralroot, Spotted Coral Root, Summer Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata (Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata var. immaculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis) - Sideview of a flower of Pacific Coralroot, Spotted Coralroot, Spotted Coral Root, Summer Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata (Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata var. immaculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis) - Inflorescence of Pacific Coralroot, Spotted Coralroot, Spotted Coral Root, Summer Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata (Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata var. immaculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis)

Spotted coralroot blooming in coniferous forest at Brooks Memorial State Park near Satus Pass, Washington..........May 24, 2015.

Pacific Coralroot, Spotted Coralroot, Spotted Coral Root, Summer Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata (Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata var. immaculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis)


Paul Slichter