[Clovers of the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Bowl Clover, Cup Clover, Wide-collared Clover

Trifolium cyathiferum

Involucres of Bowl Clover, Cup Clover, Wide-collared Clover: Trifolium cyathiferum

Flower heads & subtending involucres from plants collected along US Highway 97 several miles east of Satus Pass.........June 22, 1997.

Involucre and leaf of Bowl Clover, Cup Clover, Wide-collared Clover: Trifolium cyathiferumPhoto at right illustrates the leaf and involucre of cup clover from a plant found along a small creek on the South Loop Road to Steens Mt. in southeastern Oregon.......June 24, 1999.
Characteristics:

Cup clover is an annual clover with ascending to erect stems from 10-50 cm high. The leaves are ternately compound (3 leaflets) with long petioles. The individual leaflets are oblanceolate to obcordate in shape (See photos.) and range from 5-25 mm long.

The flower heads are rounded with 5 to 30 flowers. The flower heads range form 5-15 mm wide. Individual flowers are white to yellowish-white, with the corolla barely extending past the calyx. The involucre below the flower head is widely flared to cup-shaped (hence the common name) with 6-14 shallow lobes, the margins finely toothed. The seed pod is 2-seeded.


Habitat:

Cup clover may be found in dry sandy soils to wet meadows within its range.


Range:

Cup clover may be found from British Columbia south along the eastern side of the Cascade Mts. to California and eastward to Idaho. It has also been introduced along the Pacific coast from Juneau, Alaska to Los Angeles, CA.

In the Columbia River Gorge, it may be found between the elevations of 200'-1800' from near Stevenson, WA east to near The Dalles, OR.


Bowl Clover, Cup Clover, Wide-collared Clover: Trifolium cyathiferum --- Bowl-shaped involucre of Bowl Clover, Cup Clover, Wide-collared Clover: Trifolium cyathiferum
Close-up views of an entire plant of cup clover as well as the cup-shaped involucre subtending the flower head of cup clover. Photographed at the trailhead to Canyon Creek in the Klickitat State Wildlife Area of south-central Washington..........May 27, 2009.

Bowl Clover, Cup Clover, Wide-collared Clover: Trifolium cyathiferum

Photographed at the trailhead to Canyon Creek in the Klickitat State Wildlife Area of south-central Washington.........May 27, 2009.

Paul Slichter