[Wildflower bloom in the Columbia River Gorge: 2012]

Wildflower Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge

Klickitat Canyon

old Champion Lumber Company Haul Road (from near Leidl Park south to where the road is completely washed out)

Klickitat Wildlife Area and Columbia Land Trust lands

June 10, 2012

Klickitat Wildlife Area viewed  north towards Stinson Flats and Mt. Adams.........June 10, 2012.

Klickitat Wildlife Area as viewed up the Klickitat River Canyon towards Stinson Flats and Mt. Adams............June 10, 2012.

* indicates the plant is currently in bloom.

Comprehensive Plant List for the Champion Lumber Company Haul Road.

Wolfbane Lichen: Letharia vulpina

Haircap Juniper Moss: Polytrichum juniperinum

Field Horsetail: Equisetum arvense

Scouring-rush Horsetail: Equisetum hyemale

Fragile Fern: Cystopteris fragilis

Imbricate Swordfern: Polystichum imbricans

Western Bracken Fern: Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii

Vine Maple: Acer circinatum

Douglas Maple: Acer glabrum var. douglasii

Bigleaf Maple: Acer macrophyllum

White Alder: Alnus rhombifolia

Shining Oregon Grape: Berberis aquifolium

California Filbert: Corylus cornuta var. californica

Pacific Dogwood: Cornus nuttallii

Black Cottonwood: Populus trichocarpa ssp. balsamifera

Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana

Willow: Salix sp.

Scouler's Willow: Salix scouleriana

Poison Oak: Toxicodendron diversilobum

Pacific Rush: Juncus effusus (var. ?)

Elk Sedge: Carex geyeri

* Lemmon's Needlegrass: Achnatherum (lemmonii ?)

* Brome: Bromus carinatus or Bromus marginatus ?

* Soft Brome: Bromus hordeaceus

* Cheatgrass: Bromus tectorum

* California Oatgrass: Danthonia californica

Bottlebrush Squirreltail: Elymus elymoides

* Blue Wildrye: Elymus glaucus ?

* Idaho Fescue: Festuca idahoensis

* Western Fescue: Festuca occidentalis ?

* Prairie Junegrass: Koeleria macrantha - A very common grass in this area.

* Bulbous Bluegrass: Poa bulbosa

* Bluebunch Wheatgrass: Pseudoroegneria spicata

* Medusahead: Taenitherum caput-medusae

* Stinging Nettles: Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis

Pondweed: Potamogeton sp.

* Common Bastard Toadflax: Comandra umbellata var. californica - Fading out of bloom.

* Tapertip Onion: Allium accuminatum

Sagebrush Mariposa: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus - In bud.

* Ball-headed Cluster Lily: Dichelostemma congestum

Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum var. grandiflorum - Pods shedding their seed.

Columbia Tiger Lily: Lilium columbianum - In bud.

* Bicolored Cluster Lily: Triteleia grandiflora ssp. howellii

* Hyacinth Cluster Lily: Triteleia hyacinthina

Panicle Death Camas: Zigadenus paniculatus - Past bloom.

* Meadow Death Camas: Zigadenus venenosus

* Spotted Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata - Fading out of bloom.

* Striped Coralroot: Corallorhiza striata - Fading out of bloom.

Mountain Lady Slippers: Cypripedium montanum - Past bloom.

Rattlesnake Plantain: Goodyera oblongifolia - Basal leaves only.

* Alaska Rein Orchid: Piperia unalaschensis

* Heartleaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum

Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum - In bud.

Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum var. proliferum

* Sheep Sorrel: Rumex acetosella

* Curly Dock: Rumex crispus

* Willow Dock: Rumex salicifolius

Jerusalem Oak: Chenopodium botrys

Russian Thistle: Salsola tragus

* Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. intermontana

* Line-leaf Montia: Montia linearis - Fading out of bloom.

Largeleaf Sandwort: Moehringia macrophylla - In bud.

Bouncing Bet: Saponaria officinalis

* Douglas' Catchfly: Silene douglasii

Western Clematis: Clematis ligusticifolia

* Nuttall's Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallii ?

Western Buttercup: Ranunculus occidentalis

* Tumble Mustard: Sisymbrium altissimum

* Thinleaved Alumroot: Heuchera grossulariifolia var. tenuifolia

* Mock Orange: Philadelphus lewisii

Cusick's Serviceberry: Amelanchier cusickii

Douglas' Hawthorn: Crataegus douglasii (var. douglasii)

Oceanspray: Holodiscus discolor - In bud.

Sticky Cinquefoil: Potentilla glandulosa (var. glandulosa ?)

* Sulphur Cinquefoil: Potentilla recta

Chokecherry: Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa

* Baldhip Rose: Rosa gymnocarpa

Rose: Rosa sp.

Blackcap Raspberry: Rubus leucodermis - Fruits forming.

* Thimbleberry: Rubus parviflorus

Trailing Pacific Blackberry: Rubus ursinus

* Birch-leaf Spiraea: Spiraea betulifolia - Beginning to bloom.

Hardhack: Spiraea douglasii

Few-flowered Pea: Lathyrus pauciflorus

* Big Deervetch: Lotus crassifolius

* Nevada Deer-vetch: Lotus nevadensis

Spanish-clover: Lotus unifoliolatus

* Spurred Lupine: Lupinus arbustus

* Columbia Gorge Lupine: Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus , or Wyeth Lupine: Lupinus wyethii ?

Sweetclover: Melilotus sp.

Bighead Clover: Trifolium macrocephalum- Past bloom.

* Red Clover: Trifolium pratense

* White Clover: Trifolium repens

Creek Dogwood: Cornus sericea

* Filaree: Erodium cicutarium - Fading out of bloom.

Oregon Checkermallow: Sidalcea oregana

Common St. John's Wort: Hypericum perforatum

* Deerbrush: Ceanothus integerrimus - Near peak bloom.

Fireweed: Chamerion angustifolium

* Slender Clarkia: Clarkia gracilis - Beginning to bloom.

Diamond Clarkia: Clarkia rhomboidea - In bud.

Columbia Desert Parsley: Lomatium columbianum -

Fernleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium dissectum var. dissectum

Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayii

Biscuitroot: Lomatium macrocarpum

Barestem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule

Suksdorf's Desert Parsley: Lomatium suksdorfii

* Nineleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium triternatum var. anomalum

Common Sweet-cicely: Osmorhiza berteroi

Kinnickinick: Arctostaphylos nevadensis

* Little Prince's Pine: Chimaphila menziesii

* Pinedrops: Pterospora andromedea

Wintegreen: Pyrola (asarifolia ?) - In bud. Will have red flowers. No leaves present on any of the plants.

Turkey Mullein: Eremocarpus setigera

* Field Bindweed: Calystegia arvense

* Nightblooming False Bindweed: Calystegia atriplicifolia ssp. atriplicifolia - Beginning to bloom.

Broadleaf Star Flower: Trientalis latifolia

* Flytrap Dogbane: Apocynum androsaemifolium

* Columbia Frasera: Frasera albicaulis var. columbiana

* Bluefields Gilia: Gilia capitata

* Prickly Navarretia: Navarretia intertexta var. intertexta

Showy Phlox: Phlox speciosa

* Basin Nemophila: Nemophila breviflora

* Varied-leaf Phacelia: Phacelia heterophylla ssp. virgata - In bud.

* Cryptanth: Cryptantha sp. - Small flowers. First several pairs of stem leaves opposite.

* Common Cryptanth: Cryptantha intermedia

* Common Houndstongue: Cynoglossum officinale

* Diffuse Stickseed: Hackelia diffusa var. diffusa

Puccoon: Lithospermum ruderale - Past bloom.

Little Combseed: Pectocarya pusilla - Past bloom.

* Small Popcornflower: Plagiobothrys tenellus - Fading out of bloom.

* Narrowleaf Skullcap: Scutellaria angustifolia

Self Heal: Prunella vulgaris

* Hairy Owlsclover: Castilleja tenuis

* Rattan's Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia rattanii - Fading out of bloom.

* Short-flowered Monkeyflower: Mimulus breviflorus

* Common Monkeyflower: Mimulus guttatus

* Barrett's Penstemon: Penstemon barrettiae- Fading out of bloom.

Shrubby Penstemon: Penstemon fruticosus var. fruticosus - Past bloom on the river bars.

* Sticky Penstemon: Penstemon glandulosus var. chelanensis

Cutleaf Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii v. richardsonii

Common Mullein: Verbascum thapsus

* Corn Speedwell: Veronica arvensis - Fading out of bloom.

* English Plantain: Plantago lanceolata

Cleavers: Galium aparine var. echinospermum - Going to seed.

Bigroot: Marah oreganus - Past bloom.

Blue Elderberry: Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea

* Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus

Western Pearlflower: Heterocodon rariflorum

* Yarrow: Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis - Beginning to bloom.

Large-flowered Agoseris: Agoseris grandiflora - Past bloom.

Annual Agoseris: Agoseris heterophylla - Going to seed.

Spearleaf Agoseris: Agoseris retrorsa - Just past bloom.

* Woodrush Pussytoes: Antennaria luzuloides - Fading out of bloom.

* Heartleaf Arnica: Arnica cordifolia - Fading out of bloom.

* Carey's Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza careyana - Either this species or a hybrid between Carey's balsamroot and northwestern balsamroot (Balsamorhiza deltoidea).

Silvercrown: Cacaliopsis nardosmia - Just past bloom.

* Dustymaidens: Chaenactis douglasii var. douglasii

Bull Thistle: Cirsium vulgare

* Gray Hawksbeard: Crepis intermedia

* Oregon Sunshine: Eriophyllum lanatum var. lanatum - Beginning to bloom.

* Marsh Cudweed: Gnaphalium palustre

White-flowered Hawkweed: Hieracium albiflorum - In bud.

* Meadow Hawkweed: Hieracium caespitosum

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri var. scouleri

Prickly Lettuce: Lactuca serriola

* Oxeye Daisy: Leucanthemum vulgare

* Little Tarweed: Madia exigua

Nodding Microseris: Microseris nutans - Past bloom.

Woollyheads: Psilocarphus sp.

Large-flowered Golenweed: Pyrrocoma carthamoides var. carthamoides - In bud.

Canada Rocky Mt. Goldenrod: Solidago (canadensis ?)

* Yellow Salsify: Tragopogon dubius


A view down to the Klickitat River and the west-facing slopes of the Klickitat Wildlife Area............June 12, 2012.A view down to the Klickitat River and the west-facing slopes of the Klickitat Wildlife Area............June 12, 2012.


Animals Seen Along this Route:

Beaver taking tall riparian grasses to its bank den

California Ground Squirrels

Harrier

Ruffed Grouse

Spotted Sandpiper

Western Wood Peewee - heard.

American Robin

Black-headed Grosbeaks - numerous. Very vocal.

Western Tanagers -fairly numerous. Likewise, very vocal.

Violet-green Swallows - numerous

Bank Swallows ?

Vaux's Swifts - numerous

Lazuli Buntings

Chipping Sparrows

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Black-capped Chickadees

Black-throated Gray Warblers

Racers

Western Rattlesnake

Tree Frog

Pale Tiger Swallowtails

Western Swallowtails

Great Artics

Mourning Cloaks

Caliornia Tortoiseshell

Lorquin's Admirals

Propertius Duskywings - Other duskywings may have been present too.

Ochre Ringlets - common.

Mylitta Crescents ?

Boisduval's Blues

Box Elder Bugs

Mosquitoes - Numerous in the forest.


Paul Slichter