[2009 Wildflower Bloom Reports for the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Wildflowers in Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington

Memaloose State Park and Surrounding Federal Lands

May 26, 2012

Harsh Paintbrush, Harsh Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja hispida var. hispida (Synonyms: Castilleja angustifolia var. abbreviata, Castilleja angustifolia var. hispida, Castilleja hispida ssp. abbreviata, Castilleja hispida ssp. hispida)

Harsh Paintbrush: Castilleja hispida var. hispida

* Indicates the wildflower is blooming.

Complete list of Memaloose Loop Wildflowers

Wolfbane Lichen: Letharia vulpina

Pelt Lichen: Peltigera sp.

Electrified Cat's-tail Moss: Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus ?

Juniper Polytrichum Moss: Polytrichum juniperinum

Podfern: Aspidotis densa

Fragile Fern: Cystopteris fragilis

Licorice Fern: Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Imbricate Sword Fern: Polystichum imbricans ssp. imbricans

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii

Big-leaf Maple: Acer macrophyllum

Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana

Quaking Aspen: Populus tremuloides

Black Cottonwood: Populus trichocarpa

* Baltic Rush: Juncus balticus ssp. ater

* Toad Rush: Juncus bufonius

* Sedge: Carex sp.

* Spikerush: Eleocharis (sp. ?)

Long-anthered Woodrush: Luzula macrantha ?

* Lemmon's Needlegrass: Achnatherum (lemmonii var. lemmonii ?)

* Silver Hairgrass: Aira caryophyllea

* Water Foxtail: Alopecurus geniculatus ? or Meadow Foxtail: Alopecurus pratensis ? )

* Tall Oatgrass: Arrhenatherum elatius

* California Brome: Bromus carinatus (var. carinatus ?)

* Soft Brome: Bromus hordeaceus ?

* Ripgut: Bromus diandrus

* Cheatgrass: Bromus tectorum

* Bristly Dogtail: Cynosurus echinatus

* Orchard Grass: Dactylis glomerata

* Idaho Fescue: Festuca idahoensis

* Prairie Junegrass: Koehleria macrantha

* Bulbous Bluegrass: Poa bulbosa

* Nevada Bluegrass: Poa secunda var. juncifolia

*Sandberg's Blue Grass: Poa secunda var. secunda

* Bluebunch Wheatgrass: Pseudoroegneria spicata

* Cereal Rye: Secale cereale

* Medusahead Wildrye: Taeniatherum caput-medusae

* North African Grass: Ventenata dubia

Tapertip Onion: Allium accuminatum - In bud.

Green-banded Mariposa Lily: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus - Basal leaves only.

* Ookow, Ball-head Cluster Lily: Dichelostemma congestum - Beginning to bloom.

Chocolate Lily: Fritillaria affinis - Pods ripening.

False Solomon Seal: Maianthemum racemosum ssp. amplexicaule - Past bloom.

* Bicolored Cluster Lily: Triteleia grandiflora ssp. howellii

Hyacinth Cluster Lily: Triteleia hyacinthina - In bud.

Panicled Death-camas: Zigadenus paniculatus - Past bloom.

* Meadow Death-camas: Zigadenus venonosus

* Alaska Rein Orchid: Piperia unalascensis - Only one seen in bloom.

* Common Bastard Toad-flax: Commandra umbellata var. californica - Fading out of bloom.

* Heart-leaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum

Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum - In bud.

Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum var. proliferum - In bud.

* Sheep Sorrel: Rumex acetosella

* Curly Dock: Rumex crispus

* Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. intermontana - Fading out of bloom.

* Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata - FAding out of bloom.

* Water Chickweed: Montia fontana

* Line-leaf Montia: Montia linearis - Fading out of bloom.

* Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum var. nuttallianum - Fading out of bloom.

* Plantain-leaved Buttercup: Ranunculus alismaefolius var. alismaefolius - Fading out of bloom.

* Western Buttercup: Ranunculus occidentalis var. occidentalis - Fading out of bloom.

Shining Oregon Grape: Berberis aquifolium

American Wintercress: Barbarea orthoceras - Past bloom.

* Rough Wallflower: Erysimum capitatum

* Western Yellowcress: Rorippa curvisiliqua

Fringe Pod: Thysanocarpus curvipes

* Leiberg's Stonecrop: Sedum leibergii

*Broad-leaf Stonecrop: Sedum spathulifolium

* Small-flowered Prairie Star: Lithophragma parviflorum - Fading out of bloom.

*Merten's Saxifrage: Saxifraga mertensiana - Fading out of bloom.

*Fringecups: Tellima grandiflora - Fading out of bloom.

Mock Orange: Philadelphus lewisii - In bud.

Cusick's Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia var. cusickii

Douglas Hawthorn: Crataegus douglasii var. douglasii - Past bloom.

Ocean Spray: Holodiscus discolor - In bud.

* Sticky Cinquefoil: Potentilla glandulosa var. glandulosa

Bitter Cherry: Prunus emarginata var. emarginata

* Choke Cherry: Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa -

* Nootka Rose: Rosa nutkana

Himalayan Blackberry: Rubus armeniacus

*Thimbleberry: Rubus parviflorus

* Pacific Trailing Blackberry: Rubus ursinus var. macropetalus

Few-flowered Pea: Lathyrus pauciflorus var. pauciflorus

* Bog Deervetch: Lotus pinnatus

* Bicolored Lupine: Lupinus bicolor

* Common Broad-leaf Lupine: Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus - Past its peak.

* Small-flowered Lupine: Lupinus micranthus

*Rabbit's-foot Clover: Trifolium arvense

* Cup Clover: Trifolium cyathiferum

Big-head Clover: Trifolium macrocephalum

* Small-head Clover: Trifolium microcephalum

* Sand Clover: Trifolium obtusiflorum (T. tridentatum) - Fading out of bloom.

* Hairy Vetch: Vicia hirsuta

* Common Vetch: Vicia sativa

* Annual Cow Vetch: Vicia villosa

* Filaree: Erodium cicutarium

* Dovefoot Geranium: Geranium molle

* Cutleaf Geranium: Geranium dissectum ?

* Poison Oak: Toxicodendron diversiloba

* Deer Brush: Ceanothus integerrimus

Fireweed: Chamerion angustifolium

* Slender Clarkia: Clarkia gracilis

* Fringed Willowherb: Epilobium ciliatum var. ciliatum

* Chervil: Anthriscus scandicina

Columbia Desert Parsley: Lomatium columbianum

Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayi

Biscuitroot: Lomatium macrocarpum

* Bare-stem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule

* Broadnineleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium triternatum var. anomalum

Common Sweet Cicely: Osmorhiza berteroi

* Western Snake Root: Sanicula crassicaulis

Flytrap Dogbane: Apocynum androsaemifolium

Hemp Dogbane: Apocynum (cannabinum ?)

Narrowleaf Milkweed: Asclepias fascicularis

* Columbia Frasera: Frasera albicaulis var. columbiana

*Broadleaf Starflower: Trientalis latifolia

* Largeflowered Collomia: Collomia grandiflora

* Babystars: Leptosiphon bicolor

Needle-leaf Navarretia: Navarretia intertexta (var. intertexta ?)

* Midget Phlox: Microsteris gracilis - Blooming only in wet swales.

* Ball-head Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii

* Woods Nemophila: Nemophila parviflora (var. austiniae ?)

* Meadow Nemophila: Nemophila pedunculata

* Silverleaf Phacelia: Phacelia hastata var. hastata

* Rigid Fiddleneck: Amsinckia retrorsa - Fading out of bloom.

* Branching Stickseed: Hackelia diffusa var. cottonii

Puccoon: Lithospermum ruderale

* Yellow and Blue Scorpion Grass: Myosotis discolor

* Fragrant Popcornflower: Plagiobothrys figuratus

* Eastside Popcornflower: Plagiobothrys hispidulus

* Scouler's Popcornflower: Plagiobothrys scouleri

Narrow-leaf Skullcap: Scutellaria angustifolia

* Narrow-leaf Owlclover: Castilleja attenuata

* Harsh Paintbrush: Castilleja hispida var. hispida - Past its peak bloom.

* Hairy Owlclover: Castilleja tenuis

* Large-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia grandiflora - A few plants still in bloom.

* Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora - A few plants still in bloom.

* Short-flowered Monkeyflower: Mimulus breviflorus

Common Monkeyflower: Mimulus guttatus

Dwarf Owl-clover: Triphysaria pusilla (Orthocarpus pusillus)

* Corn Speedwell: Veronica arvensis

* Purslane Speedwell: Veronica peregrina var. xalpensis

* English Plantain: Plantago lanceolata

* Indian Wheat: Plantago patagonica

Bedstraw: Galium aparine var. echinospermum

*Orange Honeysuckle: Lonicera ciliosa

* Blue Elderberry: Sambucus mexicana

Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus

* Corn Salad: Valerianella locusta

* Big Root: Marah oreganus

* Yarrow: Achillea millefolium

Large-flowered Agoseris: Agoseris grandiflora - In bud.

* Annual Agoseris: Agoseris heterophylla - Fading out of bloom.

Field Pussytoes: Antennaria howellii ssp. neodioica - Gray leaves

* Heartleaf Arnica: Arnica cordifolia

* Northwestern Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza deltoidea (or B. careyana?) - Fading out of bloom.

Bull Thistle: Cirsium vulgare

Columbia Goldenweed: Columbiadora hallii

* Gray Hawksbeard: Crepis intermedia ?

Western Hawksbeard: Crepis occidentalis

Columbia Goldenweed: Ericameria resinosa

*Oregon Sunshine: Eriophyllum lanatum var. lanatum

Marsh Cudweed: Gnaphalium palustre

White-flowered Hawkweed: Hieracium albiflorum - In bud.

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri (var. cynoglossoides ?)

*False Dandylion: Hypochaeris radicata

Prickly Lettuce: Lactuca serriola

*Rabbit Leaf: Lagophylla ramosissima

* Oxeye Daisy: Leucanthemum vulgare

* Little Tarweed: Madia exigua

* Common Tarweed: Madia gracilis

* Nodding Microseris: Microseris nutans

Wall Lettuce: Mycelis muralis - In bud.

Rayless Goldenweed: Pyrrocoma carthamoides var. carthamoides - In bud.

* Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus var. exaltatus - Most plants are past bloom.

* Common Dandylion: Taraxacum officinale


Animals Seen Along This Route:

Osprey

Turkey Vultures

Red-tailed Hawks

Ravens

Crows

Stellers Jay

Lewis' Woodpeckers

Western Kingbirds

Ash-throated Flycatcher ? - Heard

Western Wood Peewees

Spotted Towhees

Black-headed Grosbeaks

American Robins

Western Bluebirds

Chipping Sparrow

Red-breasted Nuthatches

Violet-green Swallows

Vaux's Swift

Alligator Lizard

Racer (2)

Tree Frog

Anise Swallowtails

Ochre Ringlets

Boisduval's Blues

Propertius Duskywings

Wood Nymphs

Honey Bees on mud

Deer Ticks

Dog Ticks


Paul Slichter