[Wildflower Bloom Reports for the Columbia River Gorge: 2012]

Wildflower Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington

Memaloose Overlook & Vicinity

April 9, 2012

Oregon Meconella: Meconella oregana

Oregon Meconella: Meconella oregana

* Indicates the wildflower is currently in bloom.

Dog Lichen: Peltigera sp. - grayish surface.

Moss: - Unidentified. Sporophyte stage present.

Red Glossy Bryum Moss: Bryum miniatum

Juniper Haircap Moss: Polytrichum juniperinum

Polytrichum Moss: Polytrichum pilferum

Elongate Racomitrium Moss: Racomitrium (elongatum ?)

Wallace's Spikemoss: Selaginella wallacei

Fragile Fern: Cystopteris fragilis

Licorice Fern: Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Gold Back Fern: Pentagramma triangularis ssp. triangularis

Imbricate Sword Fern: Polystichum imbricans ssp. imbricans

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

* Big-leaf Maple: Acer macrophyllum - Beginning to bloom.

Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana

Black Locust: Robinia pseudoacacia

Lilac: Syringia sp. - This area had an old homestead on it.

Common Cattail: Typha latifolia

Soft Rush: Juncus effusus ssp. pacificus - Diffuse inflorescence.

* Long-anthered Woodrush: Luzula macrantha

* Meadow Foxtail: Alopecurus (pratensis?)

Bristly Dog's-tail Grass: Cynosurus echinatus

Orchard Grass: Dactylis glomerata

Prairie Junegrass: Koehleria macrantha

Bulbous Blue Grass: Poa bulbosa

* Leiberg's Blue Grass: Poa leibergii - Probably the largest population of this attractive grass I've seen so far in the Gorge!

* Nevada Bluegrass: Poa secunda ssp. juncifolia - Fairly numerous.

* Sandberg's Bluegrass: Poa secunda ssp. secunda - A few plants seen.

Bluebunch Wheatgrass: Pseudoroegneria spicatum - Common away from the cultivated fields areas that were heavily grazed.

Cereal Rye: Secale cereal

Medusahead Wildrye: Taeniatherum caput-medusae

Daffodils: Narcissus sp. - This area had an old homestead on it.

Sagebrush Mariposa: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus - Basal leaves.

Common Camas: Camassia quamash - No sign of flower buds yet.

Ookow, Ball-head Cluster Lily: Dichelostemma congestum

* Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum var. grandiflorum - Close to peak bloom.

* Yellow Bells: Fritillaria pudica - Fading out of bloom.

Bicolored Cluster Lily: Triteleia grandiflora ssp. howellii - Several plants in bud.

* Grass Widows: Olsynium douglasii (old var. douglasii) - Fading out of bloom.

Long-spurred Rein Orchid: Piperia elegans ? - (basal leaves only, so this could also be Piperia unalascensis or one of the other 3 rein orchids)

Heart-leaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum

Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum

Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum var. proliferum

Sheep Sorrel: Rumex acetosella

* Little Springbeauty: Claytonia exigua (ssp. exigua ?)

* Streambank Springbeauty: Claytonia parviflora

* Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata

* Red Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia rubra ssp. rubra ?

* Water Chickweed: Montia fontana

* Line-leaf Montia: Montia linearis

* Jagged Chickweed: Holosteum umbellatum

* Chickweed: Stellaria media

* Shiny Starwort: Stellaria nitens

* Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum var. nuttallianum - Beginning to bloom.

* Western Buttercup: Ranunculus occidentalis var. occidentalis

* Shining Oregon Grape: Berberis aquifolium

American Wintercress: Barbarea orthoceras - In bud.

* Oaks Toothwort: Cardamine nuttallii

* Little Western Bittercress: Cardamine oligosperma

* Spring Whitlow-grass: Draba verna var. boerhaavii

* Fringe Pod: Thysanocarpus curvipes

* Smooth Praire Star: Lithophragma glabrum

* Small-flowered Prairie Star: Lithophragma parviflorum - Beginning to bloom.

* Peak Saxifrage: Saxifraga nidifica var. claytoniifolia

* Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia var. integrifolia

* Rustyhair Saxifrage: Saxifraga rufidula

Mock Orange: Philadelphus lewisii - Beginning to leaf out.

Cusick's Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia (var. cusickii ?) - Beginning to leaf out & flower buds forming.

Ocean Spray: Holodiscus discolor - Beginning to leaf out.

Pearhip Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana ?

Himalayan Blackberry: Rubus armeniacus

Annual Burnet: Sanguisorba annua

Few-flowered Pea: Lathyrus pauciflorus var. pauciflorus ? - Leaflets long and thin. Plants 6-12" tall.

Common Broad-leaf Lupine: Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus

Small-flowered Lupine: Lupinus micranthus ? - Small annual: Basal leaves only.

Vetch: Vicia sp.

* Filaree: Erodium cicutarium

Poison Oak: Toxicodendron diversiloba - A few plants beginning to leaf out.

Slender Clarkia: Clarkia gracilis ? - Dried stems of last year's plants.

Chervil: Anthriscus scandicina

* Columbia Desert Parsley: Lomatium columbianum

Fern-leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium dissectum var. dissectum

* Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayi

* Biscuitroot: Lomatium macrocarpum (yellow-flowered form)

Bare-stem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule

* Nineleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium triternatum var. triternatum

Yampah: Perideridia gairdneri

Western Snakeroot: Sanicula crassicaulis

Sierra Snakeroot: Sanicula graveolens

* Desert Shooting Star: Dodecatheon conjugens

* Poet's Shooting Star: Dodecatheon poeticum

* Midget Phlox: Microsteris gracilis

* Ball-head Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii - Beginning to bloom.

Woods Nemophila: Nemophila parviflora

* Meadow Nemophila: Nemophila pedunculata

Silverleaf Phacelia: Phacelia hastata var. hastata

* Rigid Fiddleneck: Amsinckia retrorsa

* Puccoon: Lithospermum ruderale - Beginning to bloom.

* Rusty Popcorn Flower: Plagiobothrys nothofulvus

* Slender Popcorn Flower: Plagiobothrys tenellus

* Harsh Paintbrush: Castilleja hispida var. hispida - A few plants beginning to show some color.

* Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora

* Chickweed Monkeyflower: Mimulus alsinoides

Common Monkey Flower: Mimulus guttatus

* Small-flowered Tonella: Tonella tenella

Dwarf Owl-clover: Triphysaria pusilla (Orthocarpus pusillus)

Common Plantain: Plantago major

* Bedstraw: Galium aparine var. echinospermum

Big Root: Marah oreganus - Beginning to bloom.

Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus - Beginning to leaf out.

Long-spurred Plectritis: Plectritis ciliosa

Yarrow: Achillea millefolium

* Low Pussytoes: Antennaria dimorpha

Common Burdock: Arctium minus

* Northwestern Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza deltoidea (or B. careyana?, or a hybrid between the two?) - Beginning to bloom.

Columbia Goldenweed: Columbiadora hallii

Gray Hawksbeard: Crepis intermedia

* Gold Stars: Crocidium multicaule

Woolly Sunflower: Eriophyllum lanatum (var. ?)

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri (var. cynoglossoides ?)

False Agoseris, Prairie Dandelion: Nothocalais troximoides

Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus (var. exaltatus ?)

* Common Dandelion: Taraxacum officinale

Animals Seen Along This Route Today:

California Ground Squirrels

Mule Deer (or hybrid with Black-tailed Deer ?)

Great Blue Heron - In trees next to a large pond on the north side of Interstate 84.

Great Egret - Flying along the Columbia River

Caspian Terns - Flying over the Columbia River and over adjacent lakes.

Turkey Vultures

Red-tailed Hawks

Prairie Falcon

Northern Flicker

Red-winged Blackbirds - Over some lakes along Interstate 84 with some flying to perch on oaks uphill to the south of the freeway.


Scrub Jays

Stellers Jays

Western Meadowlarks

Spotted Towhees

American Robins

Western Bluebird

House Finches

Dark-eyed Juncos

Black-capped Chickadees

Yellow-rumped Warblers

Violet-green Swallows

Alligator Lizard

Tree Frogs - Numerous, fleeing our heavy footsteps through the grass!

Sara's Orangetips - Numerous

Milbert's Tortoiseshell

Large Bumble Bees - numerous

Domestic Honey Bees

Hoover Flies

Box Elder Bugs

Lady Bugs

Black (House ?) Flies


Paul Slichter