[Wildflower Bloom in Central and Eastern Oregon: 2014]

Lookout Mountain

Ochoco National Forest

August 10, 2014

Sagebrush flats atop Lookout Mountain, Ochoco National Forest........August 10, 2014.

A view east across sagebrush slopes from atop Lookout Mountain, Ochoco National Forest...........August 10, 2014. Showy fleabane (Erigeron speciosus) can be seen in bloom along Trail #804 amongst the sagebrush which will be blooming in a week or two.

This trail was hiked from the Independent Mine (Mother Lode Mine) Trailhead up the direct route via the 808A trail, then onto the 804 Trail to the summit, then returning via the 804 trail to the trailhead. Total distance of this route was 4.9 miles with approximately 930' elevation gain. Additional routes add length and possibility of different habitats if one has more time to explore this mountain.

Weather: Temperatures in the mid 70s in the morning climbing to the mid 80s by the afternoon. The morning saw clear skies with a light wind which made the hike comfortable. The afternoon became cloudier as storm clouds built up over Lookout Mountain.

* indicates the wildflower is currently in bloom.

Brown-eyed Wolf Lichen: Letharia columbiana

Horsehair Lichen: Bryoria sp.

Common Liverwort: Marchantia polymorpha

Juniper Haircap Moss: Polytrichum juniperinum

Lady Fern: Athyrium filix-femina

Oregon Cliff Fern: Woodsia (oregana ?) - On an outcrop above the trail where I could not easily get to for positive ID.

California White Fir: Abies concolor x Abies grandis

Subalpine Fir: Abies lasiocarpa var. lasiocarpa ?

Western Juniper: Juniperus occidentalis

Western Larch: Larix occidentalis

Lodgepole Pine: Pinus contorta var. latifolia

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii

Red Alder: Alnus rubra

Quaking Aspen: Populus tremuloides

Toad Rush: Juncus bufonius

Elk Sedge: Carex geyeri

Hood's Sedge: Carex hoodii

Raynold's Sedge: Carex raynoldsii

Lakeshore Sedge: Carex kelloggii var. kelloggii (C. lenticularis)

Thurber's Needlegrass: Achnatherum (thurberianum ?)

Tall Oatgrass: Arrhenatherum elatius ?

Mountain Brome: Bromus carinatus var. marginatus

Smooth Brome: Bromus inermis

* Columbia Brome: Bromus vulgaris ?

* Orchard Grass: Dactylis glomerata

* Bottlebrush Squirreltail: Elymus elymoides (var. ellymoides or hordeoides ?)

* Timothy: Phleum pratense

Bulbous Bluegrass: Poa bulbosa

Big Bluegrass: Poa secunda (ssp. juncifolia ?)

Sandberg's Bluegrass: Poa secunda ssp. secunda

Stinging Nettles: Urtica dioica var. gracilis

Tolmie's Onion: Allium tolmiei var. tolmiei

* Sagebrush Mariposa: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus - Blooming along road near trailhead.

Bead Lily: Clintonia uniflora - Fruits forming.

Yellow Bells: Fritillaria pudica - Pods beginning to release seed.

Star-flowered False Solomon Seal: Maianthemum stellatum

Wartberry: Prosartes trachycarpa

Clasping-leaf Twisted Stalk: Streptopus amplexifolius - Berries forming.

California False Hellebore: Veratrum (californicum var. californicum ?) - Fruits maturing.

Coralroot: Corallorhiza sp. - Past bloom.

Rattlesnake Plantain: Goodyera oblongifolia

* Parsnipflower Buckwheat: Eriogonum heracleoides var. heracleoides - Fading out of bloom.

Sulfur Flower Buckwheat: Eriogonum umbellatum (var. dicrocephalum ?)

* Common Knotweed: Polygonum aviculare (ssp. depressum ?)

* Douglas' Knotweed: Polygonum douglasii

* Kellogg's Knotweed: Polygonum polygalioides var. kelloggii ?

* Sheep Sorrel: Rumex acetosella

* Western Dock: Rumex occidentalis

Heart-leaved Springbeauty: Claytonia cordifolia

* Red Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia rubra ssp. rubra

* Common Mouse-ear Chickweed: Cerastium fontanum ?

Mountain Sandwort: Eremogone capillaris var. americana - Past bloom.

Ballhead Sandwort: Eremogone congesta var. congesta

Nuttall's Sandwort: Minuartia nuttallii var. ? -Long past bloom.

Bigleaf Sandwort: Moehringia macrophylla

Pearlwort: Sagina sp.

* Douglas' Campion: Silene douglasii - Fading out of bloom.

* Menzie's Campion: Silene menziesii - Fading out of bloom.

* Oregon Campion: Silene oregana - Fading out of bloom.

* Columbia Monkshood: Aconitum columbianum ssp. columbianum

Baneberry: Actaea rubra - Berries forming.

* Western Columbine: Aquilegia formosa

Upland Larkspur: Delphinium (nuttallianum var. nuttallianum ?)

* Little Buttercup: Ranunculus uncinatus

Meadowrue: Thalictrum sp.

Brown's Peony: Paeonia brownii

Creeping Oregon Grape: Berberis repens

* Lance-leaved Stonecrop: Sedum lanceolatum ? - Past bloom.

* Wormleaf Stonecrop: Sedum stenopetalum

Tower Rockcress: Arabis glabra

Holboell's Rockcress: Boechera retrofracta ?

Hairystem Rockcress: Boechera pauciflora (Arabis sparsiflora var. subvillosa, A. holboellii var. pinetorum)

* Sticky Cutleaf Tansymustard: Descurainia incisa ssp. viscosa - Fading out of bloom.

Alpine Pennycress: Noccaea fendleri ssp. glauca

Daggerpods: Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides - Going to seed.

Roundleaf Alumroot: Heuchera cylindrica var. alpina

* Brook Saxifrage: Micranthes odontoloma

Three-toothed Mitrewort: Mitella trifida

Wax Currant: Ribes cereum var. cereum

Prickly Currant: Ribes lacustre

Sticky Currant: Ribes viscosissimum

Mountain Mahogany: Cercocarpus ledifolius var. ledifolius - Plumed fruits maturing.

Wood's Strawberry: Fragaria vesca var. bracteata

Broadpetal Strawberry: Fragaria virginiana var. platypetala

* Largeleaf Avens: Geum macrophyllum var. perincisum

Sticky Cinquefoil: Potentilla glandulosa (var. ?)

Graceful Cinquefoil: Potentilla gracilis var. fastigiata

Bittercherry: Prunus emarginata var. emarginata

* Small Burnet: Poterium sanguisorba

Rocky Mountain Mountain-ash: Sorbus scopulina

Whitney's Balloon Milkvetch: Astragalus whitneyi var. sonneanus - Pods releasing from plants.

* Kellogg's Spurred Lupine: Lupinus caudatus - Fading out of bloom.

* Burke's Lupine: Lupinus polyphyllus var. burkei ?

* Cup Clover: Trifolium cyathiferum

* Red Clover: Trifolium pratense

* White Clover: Trifolium repens

* Oregon Checkermallow: Sidalcea oregana (ssp. oregana ?)

Marsh Violet: Viola palustris ?

Goosefoot Violet: Viola purpurea (ssp. venosa ?)

Sticky Geranium: Geranium viscosissimum var. incisum -

Snowbrush: Ceanothus velutinus var. velutinus

* Fireweed: Chamerion angustifolium

* Enchanter's Nightshade: Circaea alpina

* Tall Annual Willowherb: Epilobium brachycarpum

* Purple-leaved Willowherb: Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum

* Diffuse Groundsmoke: Gayophytum diffusum (ssp. parviflorum ?)

* Cow Parsnip: Heracleum maximum - A few plants still in bloom where moist.

Gray's Lovage: Ligusticum grayi

Common Sweet Cicely: Osmorhiza berteroi

Mountain Sweet Cicely: Osmorhiza occidentalis

Sierra Snakeroot: Sanicula graveolens

* Little Pipsissewa: Chimaphila menziesii

Pipsissewa: Chimaphila umbellata

* Sidebells Wintergreen: Orthilia secunda

* Spreading Dogbane: Apocynum androsaemifolium (var. ?)

* Yellow-staining Collomia: Collomia tinctoria

Narrowleaf Collomia: Collomia linearis

* Scarlet Gilia: Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. formosissima - Fading out of bloom.

* Harkness' Linanthus: Leptosiphon harknessii

Midget Phlox: Microsteris gracilis

* Gilia: Gilia sp.

* Mountain Navarretia: Navarretia divaricata

* Western Polemonium: Polemonium occidentale - Fading out of bloom.

Purple Phacelia: Phacelia hastata var. alpina

Blue Stickseed: Hackelia micrantha

* Nettleleaf Horsemint: Agastache urticifolia

* Mountain Balm: Monardella odoratissima

* Applegate's Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. applegatei - Fading out of bloom.

* Scarlet Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata

Paintbrush: Castilleja oresbia or C. pilosa var. pilosa - Long past bloom.

* Common Monkeyflower: Mimulus guttatus

* Lewis' Monkeyflower: Mimulus lewisii

* Musk Monkeyflower: Mimulus moschatus

Shrubby Penstemon: Penstemon fruticosus var. fruticosus

Penstemon: Penstemon sp.

* Common Mullein: Verbascum thapsus

* American Brooklime: Veronica americana

* Hairy Purslane Speedwell: Veronica peregrina var. xalpensis

Thymeleaf Speedwell: Veronica serpyllifolium var. humifusa

* English Plantain: Plantago lanceolata

Fragrant Bedstraw: Galium triflorum

Mountain Heliotrope: Valeriana sitchensis

Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus

Mountain Snowberry: Symphoricarpos oreophilus

* Yarrow: Achillea millefolium

* Pathfinder: Adenocaulon bicolor

* Orange Agoseris: Agoseris aurantiaca

* Pale Agoseris: Agoseris glauca

* Rosy Pussytoes: Antennaria rosea - Fading out of bloom.

Heartleaf Arnica: Arnica cordifolia

* Nodding Arnica: Arnica parryi - Fading out of bloom.

Low Sagebrush: Artemisia arbuscula - In bud at the summit of Table Mountain.

* Western Mugwort: Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. candicans

Mountain Big Sagebrush: Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana

Arrowleaf Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza sagittata

Tapertip Hawksbeard: Crepis acuminata

Gray Hawksbeard: Crepis intermedia ? - Past bloom.

Western Hawksbeard: Crepis occidentalis - Past bloom.

* Rabbitbrush Goldenweed: Ericameria bloomeri

* Foreign Fleabane: Erigeron glacialis var. glacialis

Yellow Desert Fleabane: Erigeron linearis ?

* Showy Fleabane: Erigeron speciosus

* Rough-leaved Aster: Eurybia radulina

Rocky Mountain Sunflower: Helianthella uniflora - Past bloom.

* White-flowered Hawkweed: Hieracium albiflorum

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri

* Mountain Tarweed: Madia glomerata

* Pineappleweed: Matricaria discoidea

Narrowhead Goldenweed: Pyrrocoma carthamoides var. cusickii

* Tall Butterweed: Senecio serra

* Western Canada Goldenrod: Solidago salebrosa (var. lepida ?)

Woolly goldenweed: Stenotus lanuginosus var. lanuginosus ? - Long past bloom, so ID is uncertain.

* Leafybract Aster: Symphyotrichum foliaceum (var. parryi ?)

* Common Dandelion: Taraxacum officinale

* Oyster Plant: Tragopogon dubius

Animals Observed During This Hike:

Elk - tracks


Red Squirrels

Northern Harrier ? - White patch on rump. Soaring high above forest.


Red-tailed Hawks

Turkey Vultures


Stellers Jays


Northern Flicker

Mountain Bluebirds

MacGillivray's Warbler

Brewer's Sparrows

Song Sparrow

Dark-eyed Juncos

Golden-crowned Kinglets

Mountain Chickadees

Red-breasted Nuthatches

Rock Wren

Winter Wren


Pine Whites

Wood Nymphs


Old mine building on Lookout Mountain, Ochoco National Forest........August 10, 2014. - Old mine shaft along the trail on Lookout Mountain, Ochoco National Forest........August 10, 2014.

An old mine building and an abandoned mine shaft along the lower one-half mile of Trail #804, Lookout Mountain, Ochoco National Forest.........August 10, 2014. Tainted water with probable mercury poisoning flows from the mine.

Paul Slichter