[Spring Beauties and Miner's Lettuce: The Genus Claytonia East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Heart-leaf Springbeauty, Broad-leaf Spring-beauty, Broad-leaf Montia

Claytonia cordifolia

Synonyms: Claytonia sibirica var. cordifolia, Montia cordifolia

Heart-leaf Springbeauty: Claytonia cordifolia

This photo shows heart-leaf springbeauty as photographed along forest road #4030 on the north side of Mt. Misery in the Umatilla N.F. of southeastern Washington..........July 7, 2008.

Flower of Heart-leaf Springbeauty, Broad-leaf Spring-beauty, Broad-leaf Montia: Claytonia cordifolia (Synonyms: Claytonia sibirica var. cordifolia, Montia cordifolia)The photo at right shows a close up of a flower heart-leaf springbeauty as seen at Paddy Go Easy Pass, Wenatchee N.F.......July 24, 1996.


Characteristics:

Heart-leaf springbeauty is an attractive perennial of moist places in the forest with a thick, horizontal rootstock from which arise clumps of one to several simple, unbranched stems from 10-30 cm high. There are several basal leaves which are cordate (heart-shaped), about 3-6 cm wide and almost as long with petioles 2-3 times longer than the blades. There are two opposite stem leaves which are broadly lanceolate to ovate and from 1-5 cm wide.

The inflorescence is a raceme arising from the axils of the stem leaves. The raceme is 4-12 flowered. On individual flowers, the 2 sepals are 2 mm long while the 5 white petals are from 8-13 mm long. There are 5 pink-tipped stamens.

Current classification has changed the genus name from Montia to Claytonia.


Habitat:

Heart-leaf springbeauty is found on wet soils, especially along streams or the edges of ponds, in moist, shady woods.


Range:

Heart-leaf springbeauty may be found from southern British Columbia south along both sides of the Cascade Mts. to northern California and east to western Montana and northern Utah.


Broad-leaf Springbeauty, Broad-leaved Springbeauty, Broad-leaf Montia, Heart-leaf Springbeauty: Claytonia cordifolia (Synonyms: Claytonia sibirica var. cordifolia, Montia cordifolia)

This photo shows heart-leaf springbeauty blooming amongst the numerous toothed leaves of brook saxifrage (Micranthes odontoloma) as photographed on the banks of Lodgepole Creek along along the Line Butte Trail #870 on the south side of Lookout Mountain, Ochoco N.F...........June 22, 2017.

Leaves of Claytonia cordifolia - Leaves of Broad-leaf Springbeauty, Broad-leaved Springbeauty, Broad-leaf Montia, Heart-leaf Springbeauty: Claytonia cordifolia (Synonyms: Claytonia sibirica var. cordifolia, Montia cordifolia)

This photo at left shows several basal leaves of heart-leaf springbeauty as photographed along forest road #4030 on the north side of Mt. Misery in the Umatilla N.F. of southeastern Washington..........July 7, 2008.

Broad-leaf Springbeauty, Broad-leaved Springbeauty, Broad-leaf Montia, Heart-leaf Springbeauty: Claytonia cordifolia (Synonyms: Claytonia sibirica var. cordifolia, Montia cordifolia)

Heart-leaf springbeauty as observed along the Lick Creek Trail #1809 at the crossing of Lick Creek, Hells Canyon National Recreation Area......July 17, 2019.

Leaf of Heart-leaf Springbeauty, Broad-leaf Spring-beauty, Broad-leaf Montia: Claytonia cordifolia (Synonyms: Claytonia sibirica var. cordifolia, Montia cordifolia)

The photo above shows the ventral surface of the leaf of broad-leaf montia, photographed at Jackman Park Campground, Steens Mt..........June 26, 2000.

Flower of Heart-leaf Springbeauty, Broad-leaf Spring-beauty, Broad-leaf Montia: Claytonia cordifolia (Synonyms: Claytonia sibirica var. cordifolia, Montia cordifolia)

The photo above is a close-up the flower of broad-leaf montia, photographed at Jackman Park Campground, Steens Mt..........June 26, 2000.

Heart-leaf Springbeauty, Broad-leaf Spring-beauty, Broad-leaf Montia: Claytonia cordifolia (Synonyms: Claytonia sibirica var. cordifolia, Montia cordifolia)

Heart-leaf springbeauty as seen from Zig Zag Canyon, Timberline Trail, Mt. Hood Wilderness......August 2, 1991.

Paul Slichter