[The Mustard Family East of the Cascade
Mts. of Oregon and Washington]
Daggerpod, Dagger-pod, Wallflower Phoenicaulis
Synonyms: Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides ssp. glabra, Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides ssp. heiranthoides, Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides ssp. lanuginosa, Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides var. cheiranthoides, Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides var. lanuginosa
The photo above shows a close-up of a largely white-flowered specimen of dagger pod as seen along the Dalles Mt. Road in the Columbia River Gorge.................April 24, 2006.
Daggerpod is an attractive wildflower that would probably be suitable for a
dryland rock garden. It is perennial with a basal rosette of oblanceolate leaves
with entire blades that narrow gradually to the long, slender petiole. The leaves
are 3-15 cm long and covered with numerous, fine to coarse hairs which range
from cross-shaped to many-branched. The leaf margins are entire. The typically
glabrous flowering stems are 5-20 cm tall and have several sessile leaves with
heart-shaped, clasping bases. The stems may be erect or prostrate. The stem
leaves are 5-35 mm long, lanceolate and narrow in breadth.
The inflorescence is a many-flowered raceme. The 4 sepals are pink or purplish
in color and each is 5-6 mm long. The pedicels are 5-35 mm long and spreading
while the reddish to purplish sepals measure 11-15 mm long. The pink to reddish-purple
petals are obovate-oblanceolate in shape and measure 11-15 mm long. The anthers
measure 1.5-2 mm long. The fruit is a broad, dagger-like silique measuring 2-8
cm long and 2-6 mm wide. The siliques spread outwards at right angles to the
stem. The surface of the silique is glabrous with a prominent ridge found the
length of the middle of capsule.
Daggerpod is found on rocky, thin soils from the sagebrush plains
into ponderosa pine forests up to the cold, windswept ridgetops.
Daggerpod is found east of the Cascade Mts. in central Washington
and Oregon. It extends eastward into neighboring Nevada and Idaho and south
to the north Coast Range and Sierra Nevada of California.
Daggerpod beginning to bloom on a rock outcrop on a ridgetop due north of the Jackman Park Campground, Steens Mountain of southeastern Oregon.............June 2, 2012.
Daggerpod in full bloom along FS Road 1647 in southeastern Logan Valley, Malheur National Forest.............June 3, 2011.
Close-ups of darker colored flowers of dagger pod as seen along Ramsey Canyon Rd to the south of Condon, OR...................April 8, 2007.
The photo above shows the fruit of daggerpod.
Photographed at the South Steens Campground, Steens Mt, southeastern Oregon.......June
Close-up of the flowers of daggerpod as seen along road #35 (Reecer Creek Road), Wenatchee National Forest......................June 5, 2009.
Daggerpod as seen along Forest Service Road 35 at a small borrow pit about one-half mile uphill from the southern forest boundary, Table Mountain, Wenatchee National Forest..........June 4, 2013.
Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides from Winter Ridge, Lake County, Oregon.......late May, 1996.
The basal cluster of gray-green leaves and dagger-like seed pods of dagger pod as seen in lithosol soils near Rimrock Lake in Moses Coulee, north-central Washington................June 7, 2009.
Daggerpod with its "dagger" pods fully evident. Photographed along Forest Service Road #1647 in southeastern Logan Valley, Malheur National Forest..............July 18, 2010.
Daggerpod beginning to bloom at Antelope Mountain Lookout in the southern Malheur National Forest.....................June 4, 2011.
The photo above shows the leaves and lance-like
fruits of the daggerpod. Photographed on Broken Top, 3 Sisters Wilderness, in
the central Oregon Cascades......August 1993.
Daggerpod blooming along Forest Road #3517, Wenatchee National Forest............July 6, 2012.