[Wildflower Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington: 2012]

Wildflowers Blooming Along the Cherry Orchard Trail

Accessed from the Trailhead East of the Lyle Tunnels from State Road #14

March 14 & 17, 2012

A Native Plant Society of Oregon hike.

A views along the Columbia River from high along the Cherry Orchard Trail..........March 7, 2011.

A view west along the Columbia River from high along the Cherry Orchard Trail........March 7, 2011.

* indicates the plant is currently in bloom.

Plant list for the Cherry Orchard Trail

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii

Bigleaf Maple: Acer macrophyllum - Flower buds swelling.

Netleaf Hackberry: Celtis reticulata

* California Filbert: Corylus cornuta var. californica

Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana

Awned Hairycap Moss: Polytrichum pilferum

Wallace's Spikemoss: Selaginella wallacei

Fragile Fern: Cystopteris fragilis ?

Gold-back Fern: Pentagramma triangularis

Licorice Fern: Polypodium glycyrhiza

Imbricate Sword Fern: Polystichum imbricans

Bracken Fern: Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens

Cliff Fern: Woodsia (oregana or scopulina)

* Elk Sedge: Carex geyeri - Beginning to bloom.

Tall Oatgrass: Arrhenatherum elatius ?

Ripgut: Bromus diandrus

Cheatgrass: Bromus tectorum

Bristly Dog's-tail Grass: Cynosurus echinatus

Leiberg's Blue Grass: Poa leibergii ?

Nevada Blue Grass, Rush Blue Grass: Poa secunda ssp. juncifolia - In bud.

Bluebunch Wheatgrass: Pseudoroegneria spicatum

Medusa-head: Taeniatherum caput-medusae

Tapertip Onion: Allium accuminatum - Leaves only.

Sagebrush Mariposa Lily: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus - Numerous on open slopes of the first large bench. Only the basal leaves are present.

Ookow: Dichelostemma congestum

Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum var. grandiflorum - In bud under oaks along the crest of the ridge.

* Yellow Bells: Fritillaria pudica - More numerous above 800'.

Panicle Deathcamas: Toxicoscordion paniculatum - Numerous on open slopes of the first large bench. Only the basal leaves are present.

* Grass Widows: Olsynium douglasii var. douglasii

Rein Orchid: Piperia sp. - Basal leaves. Could be one of 4-5 species found in the Gorge.

Heartleaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum

Douglas' Buckwheat: Eriogonum douglasii var. tenue

Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum

Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum var. proliferum

Sheep Sorrel: Rumex acetosella

* Streambank Springbeauty: Claytonia parviflora ?

* Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata ?

* Cushion Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia rubra ssp. depressa

Lineleaf Montia: Montia linearis

Sticky Chickweed: Cerastium (glomeratum ?)

* Common Chickweed: Stellaria media - Beginning to bloom.

Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum var. nuttallianum - In bud.

* Western Buttercup: Ranunculus occidentalis - Beginning to bloom.

* Little Western Bittercress: Cardamine oligosperma

* Oak Toothwort: Cardamine nuttallii (C. pulcherrima var. pulcherrima) - Fairly common under the oaks along the upper ridge.

* Narrow Tansymustard: Descurainia incisa (ssp. filipes?)

* Spring Whitlow-grass: Draba verna

Rough Wallflower: Erysimum capitatum - In bud.

Thick-leaved Thelypody: Thelypodium laciniatum var. laciniatum - In bud.

* Fringepods: Thysanocarpus curvipes

Shining Oregon Grape: Berberis aquifolium -In bud.

California Poppy: Eschscholzia californica

* Bulblet Prairie Star: Lithophragma bulbifera

* Smooth Prairie Star: Lithophragma glabrum

* Small-flowered Prairie Star: Lithophragma parviflorum

Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia var. claytoniifolia - In bud.

* Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia var. integrifolia

Mock Orange: Philadelphus lewisii - Beginning to leaf out.

Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia - Beginning to leaf out.

Field Parsley Piert: Aphanes arvensis (Alchemilla occidentalis)

Oceanspray: Holodiscus discolor - Beginning to leaf out.

Antelope Bitterbrush: Purshia tridentata - Beginning to leaf out.

Evergreen Blackberry: Rubus laciniatus - At the parking lot.

Western Burnet: Sanguisorba minor

* Woollly Pod Milkvetch: Astragalus purshianus - Beginning to bloom.

Few-flowered Pea: Lathyrus pauciflorus

Columbia Gorge Lupine: Lupinus (latifolius x sericeus) ? - Some plants to 8-9 inches tall.

Rabbitsfoot Clover: Trifolium arvense

Common Mallow: Malva neglecta

* Filaree: Erodium cicutarium

Dove'sfoot Geranium: Geranium molle

Deer Brush: Ceanothus integerrimus

Poison Oak: Toxicodendron diversiloba - Bright red leaves visible at nodes nearest the ground.

Diamond Clarkia: Clarkia rhomboidea

Burr Chervil: Anthriscus caucalis ?

* Columbia Desert Parsley: Lomatium columbianum

Fernleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium dissectum (var. dissectum ?)

* Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayi

Barestem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule

* Salt and Pepper: Lomatium piperi

Nine-leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium triternatum var. triternatum

Western Snake Root: Sanicula crassicaulis

Columbian Frasera: Frasera albicaulis var. columbiana

* Desert Shooting Star: Dodecatheon conjugens - Beginning to bloom.

Poet's Shooting Star: Dodecatheon poeticum - In bud.

* Midget Phlox: Microsteris gracilis

Dustymaidens: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii - In bud under oaks near the parking lot.

Varileaf Phacelia: Phacelia heterophylla - In bud.

* Tarweed Fiddleneck: Amsinckia retrorsa

Rusty Popcornflower: Plagiobothrys nothofulvus ?

Slender Popcorn Flower: Plagiobothrys tenellus ?

* Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora

Cutleaf Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

* Small-flowered Tonella: Tonella tenella

Moth Mullein: Verbascum blatteria - Seen at the parking lot.

Common Mullein: Verbascum thapsus

* Naked Broomrape: Orobanche uniflora

English Plantain: Plantago lanceolata

Annual Bedstraw: Galium aparine var. echinospermum

* Wild Cucumber: Marah oreganus - Beginning to bloom.

Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus (var. ?) - Beginning to leaf out.

* White Plectritis: Plectritis macrocera

Yarrow: Achillea millefolium

* Low Pussytoes: Antennaria dimorpha - Beginning to bloom.

* Northwestern Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza deltoidea (or hybrid with B. careyana) - Beginning to bloom.

Yellow Star-thistle: Centaurea solstitialis

* Gold Stars: Crocidium multicaule

Columbia Goldenweed: Ericameria resinosa

* Oregon Sunshine: Eriophyllum lanatum var. lanatum - One plant in bloom along the old "convict" road.

Blanketflower: Gaillardia aristata

Hairy False Goldenaster: Heterotheca villosa (var. ?)

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri

False Agoseris: Nothocalais troximoides

Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus var. exaltatus - Purple-tinged leaves emerging from the ground.

* Common Groundsel: Senecio vulgaris

* Common Dandylion: Taraxacum officinale


Animals Seen During These Hikes:

California Gray Squirrel

Double-crested Cormorant (on the river)

Canada Geese (on the river)

Immature Bald Eagles

Red-tailed Hawks

Prairie Falcon

Common Raven

Scrub Jays

Northern Flicker

Downy Woodpecker

Rock Doves - On cliffs above SR14

Says Phoebe

Western Bluebird

House Finches

Dark-eyed Juncos

Lesser Goldfinches

White-breasted Nuthatches

Yellow-rumped Warblers

Chickadees (heard, not seen)

Brown Creepers

Canyon Wren - Several serenaded me with their melodic songs for several hours.


Paul Slichter