[2012 Wildflower Bloom Reports for the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Columbia River Gorge

Eagle Creek Trail

Wildflower bloom Along the Eagle Creek Trail as far as Upper Punchbowl Falls

April 13, 2012

Wildflowers along the Eagle Creek Trail, Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area..........April 13, 2012.

Wildflowers along the Eagle Creek Trail as seen about one mile uphill along a steep cliffside..............April 13, 2012. Seen in the photo are the yellow daisy flowers of gold stars (Crocidium multicaule), the small blue flowers of large-flowered blue-eyed Mary (Collinsia grandiflora), and the pendant licorice fern (Polypodium glycyrrhiza).

* indicates the wildflower is blooming.

Cup Lichen: Cladonia furcata

Lung Lichen: Lobularia oregana ?

Snake Liverwort: Conocephalum conicum

Ring Pellia: Pellia neesiana ?

Tree Ruffle Liverwort: Porella navicularis

Common Feather Moss: Eurhynchium praelongum

Splendid Feather Moss: Hylocomium splendens

Palm Tree Moss: Leucolepis acnathoneuron

Douglas' Neckera Moss: Neckera douglasii ?

Juniper Polytrichum Moss: Polytrichum juniperinum

Elongate Racomitrium Moss: Racomitrium elongatum

Fan Moss: Rhizomnium glabrescens

Electrified Cats Tail Moss: Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus ?

Field Horsetail: Equisetum arvense

Douglas' Spikemoss: Selaginella douglasii

Wallace's Spikemoss: Selaginella wallacei

Grand Fir: Abies grandis

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii

Western Red Cedar: Thuja plicata

Western Hemlock: Tsuga heterophylla

Vine Maple: Acer circinatum

* Big-leaf Maple: Acer macrophyllum

Red Alder: Alnus rubra - Leaf buds opening.

Filbert: Corylus cornuta var. californica - Past bloom.

Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana

* Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis

English Ivy: Hedera helix

Maidenhair Fern: Adiantum aleuticum - New fronds opening.

Podfern: Aspidotis densa - New fronds opening.

Maidenhair Spleenwort: Asplenium trichomanes

Lady Fern: Athrium filix-femina - New fronds expanding.

Rock-brake: Cryptogramma crispa -New fronds opening.

Brittle Bladder-fern: Cystopteris fragilis

Western Polypody: Polypodium hesperium

Licorice Fern: Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Sword Fern: Polystichum munitum

* Common Woodrush: Luzula multiflora ssp. multiflora - Beginning to bloom.

Smallflowered Woodrush: Luzula parviflora ? - Basal leaves present.

* Annual Bluegrass: Poa annua

* Bulbous Bluegrass: Poa bulbosa

Onion: Allium sp. (A. accuminatum or A. cernuum ?)

* Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum var. grandiflorum

* Chocolate Lily: Fritillaria affinis - Beginning to bloom.

Columbia Tiger Lily: Lilium columbianum

False Solomon Seal: Maianthemum racemosum

Star-flowered False Solomon Seal: Maianthemum stellatum ?

Clasping-leaf Twisted Stalk: Streptopus amplexifolius - In bud.

* Wood Lily, Trillium: Trillium ovatum

Cluster Lily: Triteleia sp.

* Calypso Orchid: Calypso bulbosa

* Heart-leaf Twayblade: Listera cordata

Rein Orchid: Piperia sp. ?

Heart-leaved Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum

Bitter Dock: Rumex obtusifolius

* Wild Ginger: Asarum caudatum

* Glaucous Springbeauty: Claytonia exigua ssp. glauca

* Streambank Springbeauty: Claytonia parviflora ssp. parviflora ?

Candy Flower, Siberian Spring Beauty: Claytonia sibirica

Little-leaf Montia: Montia parvifolia

Deptford Pink: Dianthus armeria

Field Chickweed: Cerastium arvense ssp. strictum

Sticky Chickweed: Cerastium glomeratum ?

* Big-leaf Sandwort: Moehringia macrophyllum

* Chickweed: Stellaria media

Baneberry: Actaea rubra - In bud.

Columbia Windflower: Anemone deltoidea ?

* Rockslide Larkspur: Delphinium glareosum - Beginning to bloom.

* Lesser Celandine: Ranunculus ficaria - At trailhead.

Creeping Buttercup: Ranunculus repens

Western Meadow-rue: Thalictrum occidentale - In bud.

Vanilla Leaf: Achlys triphylla

* Shining Oregon Grape: Berberis aquifolium

Cascade Oregon Grape: Berberis nervosa - In bud.

Inside-out Flower: Vancouveria hexandra

* Dutchman's Breeches: Dicentra cucullaria

Bleeding Hearts: Dicentra formosa

American Winter Cress: Barbarea orthoceras - Present near the trailhead.

* Hairy Bittercress: Cardamine hirsuta - Present near the trailhead and occasionally along the trail.

* Little Western Bittercress: Cardamine oligosperma

* Slender Toothwort: Cardamine nuttallii var. nuttallii (Synonym: Cardamine pulcherrima var. tenella) - Many, attractive plants.

* Spring Whitlow-grass: Draba verna var. boerhaavii

Oregon Stonecrop: Sedum oreganum -

Broad-leaf Stonecrop: Sedum spathulatum - In bud.

Oregon Bolandra: Bolandra oregana

Small-flowered alumroot: Heuchera micrantha var. diversifolia ?

Small-flowered Alumroot: Heuchera micrantha var. micrantha

Fleshy-leaved Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia var. claytoniifolia - In bud.

Merten's Saxifrage: Saxifraga mertensiana

Western Saxifrage: Saxifraga occidentalis var. rufidula

Fringe Cup: Tellima grandiflora - In bud.

Youth-on-age: Tolmiea menziesii

Creek Dogwood: Cornus sericea var. occidentalis - New leaves emerging.

* Red-flowering Currant: Ribes sanguineum

Goatsbeard: Aruncus dioicus

* Wood Strawberry: Fragaria vesca var. bracteata - One plant in bloom.

Large-leaf Avens: Geum macrophyllum var. macrophyllum

Oceanspray: Holodiscus discolor - New leaves.

* Osoberry: Oemleria cerasiformis

Ninebark: Physocarpus capitatus - New leaves.

Glandular Cinquefoil: Potentilla glandulosa var.

Sour Cherry: Prunus cerasus ?

Little Wild Rose: Rosa gymnocarpa

Himalayan Blackberry: Rubus armeniacus

Black Cap: Rubus leucodermis

Thimbleberry: Rubus parviflora

* Salmonberry: Rubus spectabilis

Trailing Blackberry: Rubus ursinus

Lupine: Lupinus sp. - Basal leaves of a perennial species.

Clover: Trifolium sp. - Native clover?

Robert Geranium: Geranium robertianum

Cascara: Rhamnus prushiana - New leaves.

Common St. John's Wort: Hypericum perforatum

* Stream Violet: Viola glabella - Beginning to bloom.

* Evergreen Violet: Viola sempervirens - Beginnning to bloom.

Enchanter's Nightshade: Circaea alpina

Clarkia: Clarkia sp. ?

Tall Annual Willowherb: Epilobium brachycarpum - Left over, dry stems from last year.

Ciliate Willowherb: Epilobium ciliatum var. ciliatum

Cow Parsnip: Heracleum lanatum

Fernleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium dissectum var. dissectum

* Martindale's Desert Parsley: Lomatium martindalei

Nine-leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium triternatum var. triternatum

Common Sweet-cicely: Osmorhiza berteroi

Wintergreen: Chimaphila sp.

Salal: Gaultheria shallon

Rhododendron: Rhododendron sp. - Domestic variety planted at overlook to Punchbowl Falls?

Red Huckleberry: Vaccinium parvifolium - New leaves.

* Poet's Shooting Star: Dodecatheon poeticum

Broadleaf Starflower: Trientalis latifolia

Blue Field Gilia: Gilia capitata - Basal leaf rosettes present.

Ballhead Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii ?

Pacific Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum tenuipes

Woods Nemophila: Nemophila parviflora v. parviflora

Woodland Phacelia: Phacelia nemoralis - Basal leaves present.

Cryptanth: Cryptantha sp. - Basal leaves present.

Selfheal: Prunella vulgaris

* Large-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia grandiflora

* Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora

* Chickweed Monkeyflower: Mimulus alsinoides - Beginning to bloom.

Common Monkeyflower: Mimulus guttatus

Cutleaf Penstemon: Penstemon richardsonii var. richardsonii

Cascade Penstemon: Penstemon serrulatus

* Small-flowered Tonella: Tonella tenella - Beginning to flower.

English Plantain: Plantago lanceolata

Annual Bedstraw: Galium aparine var. echinospermum

Fragrant Bedstraw: Galium triflorum

Twinflower: Linnaea borealis

Orange Honeysuckle: Lonicera ciliosa

Red Elderberry: Sambucus racemosa ?

Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigata - New leaves.

* Rosy Plectritis: Plectritis congesta - Beginning to bloom.

Scouler's Valerian: Valeriana scouleri - Several plants with flower buds present.

Scoulers Harebell: Campanula scouleri - Basal leaves present.

Yarrow: Achillea millefolium

Pathfinder: Adenocaulon bicolor

Pearly Everlasting: Anaphalis margaritacea

Streambank Arnica: Arnica amplexicaulis - Attractive leaves.

Mountain Arnica: Arnica latifolia

* English Daisy: Bellis perennis

Bull Thistle: Cirsium vulgare

* Gold Stars: Crocidium multicaule

Annual Fleabane: Erigeron annuus

Woolly Sunflower: Eriophyllum lanatum var. lanatum

Hawkweed: Hieracium sp.

False Dandylion: Hypochaeris radicata

Wall Lettuce: Lactuca muralis

Nipplewort: Lapsana communis

Columbia Gorge Groundsel: Packera bolanderi var. harfordii

* Sweet Colt's Foot: Petasites frigidus - Beginning to bloom.

White Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus var. ochroleucus

Common Sow Thistle: Sonchus oleraceus

* Common Dandelion: Taraxacum officinale


Animals Seen Along this Route:

Osprey

Dippers - Singing happily.

Raven

Stellers Jays

American Robins

Violet-green Swallows

Winter Wrens

Ruby-crowned Kinglets

Hummingbird


Eagle Creek Trail, Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area.............April 13, 2012.

A view of Eagle Creek from near the trailhead. The white patches of flowers on the slope above the river are western saxifrages (Saxifraga rufidula) which cover many of the cliff faces, making them a milky white color.............April 13, 2012.

Paul Slichter