[The Violet Family of the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington]

Pioneer Violet, Stream Violet, Wood Violet

Viola glabella

Pioneer Violet, Stream Violet, Wood Violet: Viola glabella
The photo above shows a close-up of the flowers and leaf of stream violet as seen on Mt. Adams along forest road 82 at its intersection with the King Mt. Road at an approximate elevation of 3560'..........May 7, 2005.

Pioneer Violet, Stream Violet, Wood Violet: Viola glabellaThe photo above shows a close-up of the leaf and flower of stream violet as seen along the Mt. Adams Highway on Mt. Adams just north of Cunningham Creek............May 1, 2005. Note the heart-shaped leaves with broad, rounded teeth along the margins.
Characteristics:

The stream violet is an attractive perennial wildflower which should be easily available in the nursery trade. It has erect or ascending stems arising 5-30 cm high which are leafless except on the upper one-third of the stem. The herbage of the leaves and stems is smooth, or the leaves sometimes minutely hairy. The basal leaves are broadly heart-shaped with rounded teeth on the leaf edges and with the petioles, are 10-20 cm long. The base of the leaf blade is definitely notched, while the tip is pointed.

The yellow flowers have 5 petals, the lower 3 of which are purple-veined. The individual flowers are 8-14 mm long.


Uses or Importance:

1. Leaves high in vitamin C.

2. Leaves & flowers may be used in salads or tea.

3. The tea "modifies anger & strengthens the heart" (lore).

4. It is an indicator plant of Douglas fir and grand fir sites.


Habitat:

Stream violet may be found along streams or in moist-shady woods.


Range:

Stream violet may be found from Alaska south through the Pacific Northwest to the coastal mountains and the Sierra Nevada of California, and east to Montana. It may also be found in northeastern Asia.

In the Columbia River Gorge, it may be found from the west end of the gorge east to near Mosier, OR between the elevations of 100'-4500'.


Flower of Pioneer Violet, Stream Violet, Wood Violet: Viola glabella

Close-up of the flower of pioneer violet as seen along the Angels Rest Trail in the Columbia River Gorge...........May 18, 2009.

Pioneer Violet, Stream Violet, Wood Violet: Viola glabella

The photo above shows a close-up of the flower and leaf of stream violet as seen on Mt. Adams along forest road 82 at its intersection with the King Mt. Road at an approximate elevation of 3560'..........May 7, 2005.

Pioneer Violet, StreamViolet, Wood Violet: Viola glabella

A nice clump of stream violet in bloom near the trailhead for the Eagle Creek Trail, Columiba River Gorge National Scenic Area.............April 13, 2012.

Pioneer Violet, StreamViolet, Wood Violet: Viola glabella

Stream violet in bloom along the Latourell Falls Loop Trail, Guy W. Talbot State Park, Columbia River Gorge..........April 11, 2014.

Pioneer Violet, StreamViolet, Wood Violet: Viola glabella

Stream violet blooming in a small forest clearing along one of the trails that climbs the western slopes of Dog Mountain in the central Columbia River Gorge..........May 4, 2011.

Paul Slichter