[Wildflower Bloom Reports for the Columbia River Gorge: 2011]

Wildflower Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge

Klickitat Trail: Wahkiacus to Klickitat Springs

April 12, 2011

Columbia Puccoon, Puccoon, Western Gromwell, Western Stoneseed: Lithospermum ruderale (Synonym: Lithospermum pilosum)

A close-up of an early-blooming example of puccoon as seen on slopes above Klickitat Springs in the middle Klickitat River drainage..............April 12, 2011.

* indicates the wildflower is currently in bloom.

Felt Lichen: Peltigera sp.

Scouring-rush Horsetail: Equisetum hyemale

Horsetail: Equisetum arvense or E. telmateia

Sword Fern: Polystichum sp.

Bracken Fern: Pteridium aquilinum

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii var.

Creek Dogwood: Cornus sericea

* California Hazelnut: Corylus cornuta v. californica

Black Cottonwood: Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa

Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana

* Scouler's Willow: Salix scouleriana

* Willow: Salix sp. - In bud. Young twigs yellowish-orange

White Lilac: Syringia sp.

* Elk Sedge: Carex geyeri

Common Rush: Juncus effusus (ssp. ?)

* Field Woodrush: Luzula multiflora ssp. multiflora

* Bulbous Bluegrass: Poa bulbosa

* Sandberg's Bluegrass: Poa secunda - In bloom at higher elevations above the Klickitat Trail.

Medusa Head: Taeniatherum caput-medusae

Tapertip Onion: Allium acuminatum

Sagebrush Mariposa: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus

Common Camas: Camassia quamash (var. breviflora ?)

Ookow: Dichelostemma congestum

* Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum var. grandiflorum - In bud.

* Yellow Bells: Fritillaria pudica

Panicled Deathcamas: Toxicoscordion paniculatum

* Grass Widows: Olsynium douglasii (Synonym: Sisyrinchium douglasii var. douglasii)

Rein Orchid: Piperia sp.

Heart-leaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum

Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum

Sheep Sorrel: Rumex acetosella

Streambank Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia parviflora

Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. intermontana

* Red Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia rubra (ssp. rubra ?)

* Linearleaf Montia: Montia linearis

* Jagged Chickweed: Holosteum umbellatum

Bouncing-bet: Saponaria officinalis

* Common Chickweed: Stellaria media

Western Clematis: Clematis (ligusticifolia?)

Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum var. nuttallianum - In bud.

Shining Oregon Grape: Berberis aquifolium - In bud.

* Oak Toothwort: Cardamine nuttallii var. nuttallii

* Little Western Bittercress: Cardamine oligosperma

* Spring Whitlow Grass: Draba verna

* Scale Pod: Idahoa scapigera

Leiberg's Stonecrop: Sedum leibergii

* Smooth Praire Star: Lithophragma glabrum

Peak Saxifrage: Saxifraga nidifica var. claytoniifolia - In bud.

* Merten's Saxifrage: Saxifraga mertensiana - Beginning to bloom.

* Spreading Gooseberry: Ribes divaricatum

Mock Orange: Philadelphus lewisii

Hawthorn: Crataegus sp.

Oceanspray: Holodiscus discolor

Pacific Ninebark: Physocarpus capitatus

Sulphur Cinquefoil: Potentilla recta ?

Chokecherry: Prunus virginiana (var. melanocarpa ?)

Antelope Bitterbrush: Purshia tridentata

Baldhip Rose: Rosa gymnocarpa

Himalayan Blackberry: Rubus armeniacus

Thimbleberry: Rubus parviflorus

Pacific Trailing Blackberry: Rubus ursinus ssp. macropetalus

Douglas' Spiraea: Spiraea douglasii (var. ?)

Hood River Milkvetch: Astragalus hoodianus - In bud.

Few-flowered Pea: Lathyrus pauciflorus ?)

Columbia Gorge Lupine: Lupinus (latifolius x sericeus ?)

Velvet Lupine: Lupinus leucophyllus

Rabbitfoot Clover: Trifolium arvense

Red Clover: Trifolium pratense ?

Klamath Weed: Hypericum perforatum

Deerbrush: Ceanothus integerrimus

Poison Oak: Toxicodendron diversilobum

Wild Carrot: Daucus carota

* Columbia Desert Parsley: Lomatium columbianum

* Fernleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium dissectum (var. multifidum ?)

Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayi

* Biscuitroot: Lomatium macrocarpum - Yellow flowered form.

* Barestem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule

Salt and Pepper: Lomatium piperi

Nineleaf Desert Parsley: Lomaium triternatum var. triternatum

Gairdner's Yampah: Perideridia gairdneri

* Desert Shooting Star: Dodecatheon conjugens

Columbia Frasera: Frasera albicaulis var. columbiana

* Midget Phlox: Microsteris gracilis

Ballhead Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii

Meadow Nemophila: Nemophila pedunculata

* Common Cryptanth: Cryptantha intermedia

* Puccoon: Lithospermum ruderale

* Slender Popcornflower: Plagiobothrys tenellus

Selfheal: Prunella vulgaris (v. ?)

* Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora

Dalmatian Toadflax: Linaria dalmatica

Common Monkeyflower: Mimulus guttatus

* Small-flowered Tonella: Tonella tenella

Common Mullein: Verbascum thapsus

Bedstraw, Cleavers: Galium aparine

Orange Honeysuckle: Lonicera ciliosa

Spearleaf Agoseris: Agoseris retrorsa

Riverbank Wormwood: Artemisia (ludoviciana?)

Northwest Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza deltoidea ?

Tumble Knapweed: Centaurea diffusa

Chicory: Cichorum intybus

Western Hawksbeard: Crepis (occidentalis ?)

* Goldstars: Crocidium multicaule

Hairy False Goldenaster: Heterotheca villosa (Synonym: Chrysopsis villosa)

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri (old var. cynoglossoides?)

False Agoseris: Nothocalais troximoides

* Common Dandelion: Taraxacum officinale


Animals Seen along the Klickitat Trail:

Bald Eagles - Adult

Red-tailed Hawk

Western Meadowlark

American Robins

Western Bluebirds

Spotted Towhees

Song Sparrows

Dark-eyed Juncos

Kinglets

Winter Wren

Sara's Orangetips

Woolly Bear caterpillars


Beach at Klickitat Springs.............April 12, 2011. - View SW down the Klickitat River towards the town of Klickitat, WA............April 12, 2011.  The old ice plant is on the far side of the river at right.

The photo at right shows a view downslope to the gravel beach at Klickitat Springs. The Klickitat Trail runs along the base of the hill on this side of the river. There is no bridge crossing of the river downstream about one mile, so this is an out and back adventure of about 4 miles total length. Washington Highway 142 runs just above river level on the far side of the river. Above it is the Company Road, the old logging road which was used to bring logs back to the old mill at Klickitat. It is closed to vehicle traffic but can be hiked or biked, although the paved road is washed out at Wahkiacus Canyon and must be forded.The photo at right shows a view downriver from Klickitat Springs towards the town of Klickitat. The springs in this area are carbonated and were used before most of us could afford refrigerators (after WWII) to help create ice. One of the old ice buildings can be seen across the river in the photo at right. Both photos were taken on April 12, 2011. The slopes along most of the length of the Klickitat River should be ablaze with numerous blooming balsamroots, lupines, desert parsleys (Columbia desert parsley: Lomatium columbianum is seen in the photos here.), milkvetches, puccoon and other spring wildflowers within about 2 weeks if the weather ever warms up!


Paul Slichter