[Wildflower Bloom Reports for the Columbia River Gorge: 2014]

Wildflower Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge of Oregon and Washington

Memaloose (USFS Properties south of Eastbound I84 Rest Area & north of Marsh Hill)

March 31, 2014

Oregon Meconella: Meconella oregana

Oregon Meconella: Meconella oregana

* Indicates the wildflower is currently in bloom.

Cup Lichen: Cladonia sp.

Antlered Perfume: Evernia prunastri

Wolfbane Lichen: Letharia vulpina

Dog Lichen: Peltigera sp. - Greenish surface.

Juniper Haircap Moss: Polytrichum juniperinum

Polytrichum Moss: Polytrichum pilferum

Elongate Racomitrium Moss: Racomitrium (elongatum ?)

Wallace's Spikemoss: Selaginella wallacei

Fragile Fern: Cystopteris fragilis

Licorice Fern: Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Gold Back Fern: Pentagramma triangularis ssp. triangularis

Imbricate Sword Fern: Polystichum imbricans ssp. imbricans

Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa

Douglas Fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii (var. ?)

Big-leaf Maple: Acer macrophyllum - Terminal buds swelling.

Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana

* Long-anthered Woodrush: Luzula macrantha

Bristly Dog's-tail Grass: Cynosurus echinatus

Orchard Grass: Dactylis glomerata

Bottlebrush Squirreltail: Elymus elymoides

* Leiberg's Blue Grass: Poa leibergii

* Nevada Bluegrass: Poa secunda ssp. juncifolia - Beginning to bloom.

* Sandberg's Bluegrass: Poa secunda ssp. secunda - Beginning to bloom.

Bluebunch Wheatgrass: Pseudoroegneria spicatum - Common away from the cultivated fields areas that were heavily grazed.

Medusahead Wildrye: Taeniatherum caput-medusae

Sagebrush Mariposa: Calochortus macrocarpus var. macrocarpus - Basal leaves.

Ookow, Ball-head Cluster Lily: Dichelostemma congestum

* Pale-anther Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum var. pallidum - Close to peak bloom.

Chocolate Lily: Fritillaria affinis - In bud.

* Yellow Bells: Fritillaria pudica - Fading out of bloom.

Bicolored Cluster Lily: Triteleia grandiflora ssp. howellii - Only basal leaves.

* Grass Widows: Olsynium douglasii (old var. douglasii) - Fading out of bloom.

Long-spurred Rein Orchid: Piperia elegans ? - (basal leaves only, so this could also be Piperia unalascensis or one of the other 3 rein orchids)

Heart-leaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum

Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum

Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum var. proliferum

Sheep Sorrel: Rumex acetosella

Curly Dock: Rumex crispus

* Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. intermontana

* Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata

* Red Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia rubra ssp. rubra

* Line-leaf Montia: Montia linearis

* Jagged Chickweed: Holosteum umbellatum

* Chickweed: Stellaria media

* Shiny Starwort: Stellaria nitens

* Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum var. nuttallianum - Beginning to bloom.

* Western Buttercup: Ranunculus occidentalis var. occidentalis

* Shining Oregon Grape: Berberis aquifolium - Beginning to bloom.

* Little-leaf Rockcress: Arabis microphylla

American Wintercress: Barbarea (orthoceras ?) - In bud.

* Oaks Toothwort: Cardamine nuttallii

* Little Western Bittercress: Cardamine oligosperma

* Spring Whitlow-grass: Draba verna var. boerhaavii

Rough Wallflower: Erysimum capitatum - Buds forming.

Scale Pod: Idahoa scapigera - Pods forming.

* Fringe Pod: Thysanocarpus curvipes

Leiberg's Stonecrop: Sedum leibergii - In bud.

Broad-leaf Stonecrop: Sedum spathulatum

Bulblet Prairie Star: Lithophragma bulbifera - Past bloom.

* Smooth Praire Star: Lithophragma glabrum

* Small-flowered Prairie Star: Lithophragma parviflorum - Beginning to bloom.

* Peak Saxifrage: Saxifraga nidifica var. claytoniifolia

* Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia var. integrifolia

* Rustyhair Saxifrage: Saxifraga rufidula

Mock Orange: Philadelphus lewisii - Beginning to leaf out.

Cusick's Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia (var. cusickii ?) - Beginning to leaf out.

Ocean Spray: Holodiscus discolor - Beginning to leaf out.

Pearhip Rose: Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana ?

Few-flowered Pea: Lathyrus pauciflorus var. pauciflorus ? - Leaflets long and thin. Plants 6-12" tall.

Common Broad-leaf Lupine: Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus

Bighead Clover: Trifolium macrocephalum - In bud.

Vetch: Vicia sp.

* Filaree: Erodium cicutarium

Poison Oak: Toxicodendron diversiloba

Slender Clarkia: Clarkia gracilis ? - Dried stems of last year's plants.

Chervil: Anthriscus scandicina

* Columbia Desert Parsley: Lomatium columbianum

Fern-leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium dissectum var. dissectum

* Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayi

* Biscuitroot: Lomatium macrocarpum (yellow-flowered form)

Bare-stem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule -In bloom///////////////////////

* Salt and Pepper: Lomatium (piperi ?) - Blooming only where wet.

* Nineleaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium triternatum var. triternatum - Beginning to bloom.

Common Sweet Cicely: Osmorhiza berteroi

Yampah: Perideridia gairdneri

Western Snakeroot: Sanicula crassicaulis

Sierra Snakeroot: Sanicula graveolens

Columbia Frasera: Frasera albicaulis ssp. columbiana

* Desert Shooting Star: Dodecatheon conjugens

* Poet's Shooting Star: Dodecatheon poeticum - Beginning to bloom.

* Midget Phlox: Microsteris gracilis

* Ball-head Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii - Beginning to bloom.

* Meadow Nemophila: Nemophila pedunculata

Silverleaf Phacelia: Phacelia hastata var. hastata

* Puccoon: Lithospermum ruderale - Beginning to bloom.

* Slender Popcorn Flower: Plagiobothrys tenellus

Henbit: Lamium amplexicaule - In bud.

* Large-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia grandiflora

* Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora

Dwarf Owl-clover: Triphysaria pusilla (Orthocarpus pusillus)

Bedstraw: Galium aparine var. echinospermum

Big Root: Marah oreganus - Beginning to bloom.

Elderberry: Sambucus sp. - Beginning to leaf out.

Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus - Beginning to leaf out.

* Long-spurred Plectritis: Plectritis ciliosa

Yarrow: Achillea millefolium

* Carey's Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza careyana - Beginning to bloom.

Bachelor's Button: Centaurea cyanus

Columbia Goldenweed: Columbiadora hallii

Gray Hawksbeard: Crepis intermedia

* Gold Stars: Crocidium multicaule

Woolly Sunflower: Eriophyllum lanatum (var. ?)

Scouler's Hawkweed: Hieracium scouleri (var. cynoglossoides ?)

False Agoseris, Prairie Dandelion: Nothocalais troximoides

Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus (var. exaltatus ?) - In bud.

* Common Dandelion: Taraxacum officinale


Animals Seen Along This Route Today:

Turkey Vultures

Red-tailed Hawks

Northern Flicker

Stellers Jays

Spotted Towhees

Dark-eyed Juncos

Yellow-rumped Warblers

Winter Wren

Frogs - Croaking in small pond, but not observed.

Western Tree Frog

Sara's Orangetip

Hoover Flies


Paul Slichter