[Wildflower Bloom Reports for the Columbia River Gorge: 2009]

[Wildflower Destinations in the Columbia River Gorge]

Wildflower Bloom in the Columbia River Gorge

Catherine Creek

April 11, 2009

The photo above shows a close-up of bighead clover (Trifolium macrocephalum) as seen at Catherine Creek on April 9, 2005.

The photo at right shows a close-up of the interesting flower of dutchman's breeches (Dicentra cucullaria) as seen at Catherine Creek on April 9, 2005.

1. Ponderosa Pine: Pinus ponderosa -

2. Big-leaf Maple: Acer macrophyllum-

3. Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana -

4. Oregon Ash: Fraxinus latifolia -

5. Woodrush: Luzula sp. -

6. Bulbous Blue Grass: Poa bulbosa -

7. Bristly Dog's-tail Grass: Cynosurus echinata -

8. Medusa Head: Taeniatherum caput-medusae -

9. Taper-tip Onion: Allium acuminatum - Some plants seen in bud.

10. Ball-head Cluster Lily: Dichelostemma congestum (formerly Brodiaea congesta) - Basal leaves only.

*11. Common Camas: Camassia quamash - Beginning to bloom.

*12. Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum - Still in bloom.

*13. Chocolate Lily: Fritillaria affinis (Synonym: Fritillaria lanceolata) - Beginning to bloom.

*14. Yellow Bells: Fritillaria pudica - A surprising number of plants still in bloom.

*15. Bicolored Cluster Lily: Triteleia grandiflora ssp. howellii (formerly Brodiaea howellii) - A few beginning to bloom.

*16. Meadow Death-camas: Zigadenus venosus var. venonosus- Common.

*17. Grass Widows: Olsynium douglasii (Synonym: Sisyrinchium douglasii var. douglasii) - A few still in bloom.

18. Rein Orchid: Piperia sp. - Basal leaves only.

19. Common Bastard Toad-flax: Comandra umbellata var. californica - A few with flower buds visible.

20. Heart-leaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum - Basal leaves only seen.

21. Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum -

22. Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum var. proliferum - Basal leaves only seen.

*23. Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata (var. spathulatum ?) - Common bloom.

24. Bitterroot: Lewisia rediviva - Some plants with flower buds.

25. Water Chickweed: Montia fontana var. tenerrima -

*26. Line-leaf Montia: Montia linearis- A few in bloom.

*27. Chickweed: Stellaria media - Numerous.

28. Meadow Larkspur: Delphinium burkei - Basal leaves only seen.

*29. Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum- Numerous.

*30. Western Buttercup: Ranunculus occidentalis- Numerous.

*31. Shining Oregon Grape: Berberis aquifolium- Fairly numerous.

32. California Poppy: Eschscholzia californica -

*33. Dutchman's Breeches: Dicentra cucullaria -

*34. Oaks Toothwort: Cardamine nuttallii (formerly Cardamine pulcherrima var. pulcherrima) -

*35. Little Western Bittercress: Cardamine oligosperma -

*36. Spring Whitlow Grass: Draba verna - Still numerous in places.

*37. Fringe Pod: Thysanocarpus curvipes- Common, but going to seed.

*38. Bulblet Prairie Star: Lithophragma glabrum (Synonym: Lithophragma bulbifera) - A few plants still in bloom.

*39. Smooth Praire Star: Lithophragma glabrum (Synonym: Lithophragma glabra) - Fairly common.

*40. Small-flowered Prairie Star: Lithophragma parviflora- Fairly common.

*41. Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia var. claytoniifolia - A few plants still in bloom.

*42. Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia var. integrifolia - A few plants still in bloom.

*43. Western Saxifrage: Saxifraga occidentalis - A few still in bloom.

44. Mock Orange: Philadelphus lewisii -

45. Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia- Beginning to leaf out.

46. Oceanspray: Holodiscus discolor -

47. Antelope Bitterbrush: Purshia tridentata - Beginning to leaf out.

48. Annual Burnet: Sanguisorba occidentalis (Synonym: Sanguisorba annua) -

49. Few-flowered Pea: Lathyrus pauciflorus var. pauciflorus - ? No flowers yet for positive ID.

50. Spurred Lupine: Lupinus arbustus (Synonym: Lupinus laxiflorus) - No flower buds forming yet.

*51. Columbia Gorge Lupine: Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus- A few in bloom at low elevation along the Old Highway at the west and east ends of the Catherine Creek plateau and a few with racemes forming.

*52. Small-flowered Lupine: Lupinus micranthus- Numerous.

53. Bighead Clover: Trifolium macrocarpum- Flower buds forming.

54. Sand Clover: Trifolium tridentatum- Leaves seen.

55. Common Vetch: Vicia sativa -

*56. Filaree: Erodium cicutarium- Numerous.

57. Deerbrush: Ceanothus integerrimus -

58. Poison Oak: Rhus diversiloba- A few plants leafing out.

*59. Cut-leaf Violet: Viola sheltonii- Good bloom.

*60. Columbia Desert Parsley: Lomatium columbianum - Most are finishing their bloom period. One or two plants still in bloom.

*61. Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayii - Very common.

62. Biscuitroot: Lomatium macrocarpum -

*63. Bare-stem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule- A few plants beginning to bloom.

*64. Nine-leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium triternatum- A few plants beginning to bloom.

65. Western Snake Root: Sanicula crassicaulis -

*66. Sierra Snake Root: Sanicula graveolens - A few in bloom.

*67. Poet's Shooting Star: Dodecatheon poeticum- Numerous.

*68. Midget Phlox: Microsteris gracilis (Synonym: Phlox gracilis) - Fairly numerous

*69. Ball-head Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii - A few beginning to bloom.

*70. Woods Nemophila: Nemophila parviflora -

*71. Meadow Nemophila: Nemophila pedunculata -

72. Varileaf Phacelia: Phacelia heterophylla -

*73. Rigid Fiddleneck: Amsinckia retrorsa - Numerous small plants in bloom.

*74. Great Hound's Tongue: Cynoglossum grande- Fairly common in open woods near the creek.

75. Common Hound's Tongue: Cynoglossum officinale - ?

*76. Rusty Popcorn Flower: Plagiobothrys nothofulvus - Fairly common on slopes to the east of Catherine Creek.

*77. Scouler's Popcorn Flower: Plagiobothrys scouleri -

*78. Slender Popcorn Flower: Plagiobothrys tenellus- Numerous.

*79. Henbit: Lamium amplexicaule- A few in bloom.

*80. Red-dead Nettle: Lamium purpureum - A few in bloom.

*81. Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora- Common

*82. Few-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia sparsiflora - Common.

*83. Chickweed Monkey Flower: Mimulus alsinoides - Common.

*84. Common Monkey Flower: Mimulus guttatus - A few plants beginning to bloom in rocky roadcuts along the old highway to the east of Catherine Creek.

*85. Dwarf Owl-clover: Orthocarpus pusillus- Immature plants seen.

86. Barrett's Penstemon: Penstemon barrettiae- This attractive plant often begins to bloom here (on cliffs above the old highway just west of the Catherine Creek parking area) by the second weekend in April, but they are at least 2 weeks behind this year.

*87. Small-flowered Tonella: Tonella tenella- Fairly common under the oaks.

*88. Naked Broomrape: Orobanche uniflora var. purpurea- Numerous.

*89. Bedstraw, Cleavers: Galium aparine- A few in bloom.

90. Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus - Plants beginning to leaf out.

*91. Rosy Plectritis: Plectritis congesta- Just beginning to bloom.

*92. White Plectritis: Plectritis macrocera- A few in bloom.

*93. Bigroot, Wild Cucumber: Marah oreganus- A few in bloom.

94. Yarrow: Achillea millefolium -

*95. Annual Agoseris: Agoseris heterophylla- Fairly numerous.

96. Spearleaf Agoseris: Agoseris retrorsa - Fuzzy basal leafs only.

*97. Northwest Balsamroot: Balsamorhiza deltoidea- A few in bloom at lower elevations.

*98. Gold Stars: Crocidium multicaule - Numerous.

99. Woolly Sunflower, Oregon Sunshine: Eriophyllum lanatum (var. lanatum ?) -

100. Hairy False Goldenaster: Heterotheca villosa (Synonym: Chrysopsis villosa) - ?

*101. False Agoseris, Prairie Dandylion: Nothocalais troximoides (formerly Microseris troximoides) - Numerous.

102. Western Grounsel: Senecio integerrimus var. exaltatus - A few plants in bud.

*103. Common Dandylion: Taraxacum officinale- Fairly common in disturbed areas.


Animals Seen at Catherine Creek:

1. Western Meadowlark

2. Northern Flickers

3. Steller Jays

4. Scrub Jays

5. Starlings

6. Killdeer

7. Western Wood Peewees

8. American Robins

9. Western Bluebirds

10. Violet-green Swallows

11. Black-capped Chickadees

12. Propertius Duskywings: Erynnis propertius


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