[2008 Columbia River Gorge Wildflower Reports]

Currently Blooming Wildflowers in the Columbia River Gorge

April 11, 2008

Columbia Hills (Stacker Butte)

The photo above shows a close-up view of stony ground lupine (Lupinus saxosus) as seen in the Columbia Hills..................April 7, 2007.

* Indicates a wildflower currently in bloom.

Weather: Temperature - high 60s to low 70s. Mostly sunny with very light winds!

*1. Sandberg's Blue Grass: Poa sandbergii - ?

*2. Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum - Just beginning to bloom under the oak trees just below the north side of the summit ridge.

*3. Yellow Bells: Fritillaria pudica- Good bloom yet on the upper, north-facing slopes of the ridge.

4. Heart-leaf Buckwheat: Eriogonum compositum var. compositum -

5.Douglas' Buckwheat: Eriogonum douglasii var. tenue -

6. Tall Buckwheat: Eriogonum elatum -

7. Strict Buckwheat: Eriogonum strictum var. proliferum -

*8. Lance-leaf Springbeauty: Claytonia lanceolata -

*9. Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia perfoliata (formerly Montia perfoliata)

10. Bitterroot: Lewisia rediviva -

11. Franklin's Sandwort: Arenaria franklinii var. franklinii - No blooms yet.

*12. Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum - Just beginning to bloom at lower elevations.

*13. The Dalles Mt. Buttercup: Ranunculus reconditus - A few still in bloom at the highest elevations and on the north-facing slopes.

*14. Oaks Toothwort: Cardamine nuttallii (formerly Cardamine pulcherrima var. pulcherrima) - Beginning to bloom under the oak trees.

*15. Douglas' Draba: Cusickiella doulgasii (Draba douglasii) - Still in fairly good bloom.

*16. Spring Whitlow-grass: Draba verna var. boerhaavii -

17. Scale Pod: Idahoa scapigera -Pods only.

*18. Dagger Pod: Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides - Beginning to bloom at the higher elevations.

*19. Fringe Pod: Thysanocarpus curvipes - Still in bloom with lots of ripe seed pods.

*20. Bulblet prairie Star: Lithophragma bulbifera - In bloom at lower elevations.

21. Small-flowerd Prairie Star: Lithophragma parviflora -In bud.

22. Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia - In bud.

23. Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia -

24. Ocean Spray: Holodiscus discolor -

*25. Woolly-pod Milk-vetch: Astragalus purshii - A few plants seen in bloom.

*26. Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine: Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus - Beginning to bloom along the Dalles Mt. Road.

27. Stony-ground Lupine: Lupinus polyphyllus var. saxosus - Several plants with racemes filled with buds.

*28. Big-head Clover: Trifolium macrocephalum - Many plants in bloom, although bloom at the higher elevations is a week or two away.

The photo above shows a close-up of the flowers of lance-leaf springbeauty as seen on the moister, upper slopes of the Columbia Hills on April 9, 2005. In some locations, this species is quite numerous, adding color to the slopes of bunchgrass.

*29. Canby's Desert Parsley: Lomatium canbyi - A few still in bloom at the highest elevations. Mostly going to seed.

30. Salt and Pepper: Lomatium gormanii - A few plants in bloom at the highest elevations.

*31. Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayi - Abundant bloom (very pungent fragrance) at lower to middle elevations.

*32. Slender-fruited Desert Parsley: Lomatium leptocarpum - Fairly common.

*33. Gray-leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium macrocarpum - White flowered form (with a few yellow-flowered forms), fairly common above 2000'.

*34. Bare-stem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule - Small plants, but numerous bloom.

*35. Salt and Pepper: Lomatium piperi - A few plants still in bloom on the upper, north-facing slopes where snow lay late into the spring.

*36. Nine Leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium tridentatum var. triternatum - Fairly common.

*37. Watson's Desert Parsley: Lomatium watsonii - Very much in bloom.

38. Columbia Frasera: Frasera albicaulis var. columbiana - .

*39. Desert Shooting Star: Dodecatheon conjugens - Fairly good bloom at the highest elevations.

*40. Midget Phlox: Phlox gracilis (formerly Microsteris gracilis) - A few in bloom on middle elevation slopes.

*41. Hood's Phlox: Phlox hoodii- Beginning bloom at low and middle elevations.

*42. Showy Phlox: Phlox speciosa- Beginning to bloom at middle elevations.

43. Little Bells Polemonium: Polemonium micranthum -

44. Ball-head Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii -

*45. Fiddleneck: Amsinckia retrorsa - Small plants, not common yet.

*46. Slender Popcorn Flower: Plagiobothrys tenellus -A few plants seen.

*47. Harsh Paintbrush: Castilleja hispida - A few dozen plants are now beginning to bloom in the moister soils along the road, above the parking area.

*48. Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora - Abundant at most elevations.

49. Hotrock Penstemon: Penstemon deustus var. variabilis -

50. Common Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus ? - Beginning to leaf out under the oak trees.

*51. White Plectritis: Plectritis macrocera - Beginning to bloom.

*52. Big Root, Wild Cucumber: Marah oreganus - Fairly abundant along the Dalles Mt. Road.

53. Yarrow: Achillea millefolium -

*54. Low Pussytoes: Antennaria dimorpha - Fairly common at all elevations.

*55. Arrow-leaf Balsamroot: Balsamhoriza sagittata (or Balsamorhiza deltoidea, I did not key them out.) - Plants are small but numerous below, just beginning to bloom at middle elevations.

56. Tumble Knapweed: Centaurea diffusa - A few basal rosettes of leaves found along the access road to the microwave towers (all at medium to higher elevations).

57. Hoary False Yarrow: Chaenactis douglasii var. douglasii - Only basal rosettes of leaves seen.

58. Western Hawksbeard: Crepis occidentalis - Basal rosettes of leaves seen.

*59. Gold Stars: Crocidium multicaule - Abundant bloom only at the summit.

60. Columbia River Gumweed: Grindelia nana var. integrifolia - Leaves only, and old, withered stems from last year seen.

61. False Agoseris: Nothocalais troximoides (formerly Microseris troximoides) -

62. Yellow Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus var. exaltus -

Animals Seen in the Columbia Hills/ Stacker Butte:

1. Carnivorous Ground Beetles (standing on their heads!)

2. California Tortoiseshells (butterfly)

3. Blues (butterfly)

4. Western Green Hairstreak

5. Very large bumblebees (Bombus sp.)

6. Western Fence Lizards

7. Ravens

8. Red-tailed Hawk

9. Harriers (Marsh Hawk)

10. Prairie Falcon

11. Horned Larks

12. Meadow Larks

13. American Robins

14. Says Phoebe

15. Juncos

16. Turkeys

17. California Ground Squirrels

Paul Slichter