[Columbia River Gorge Wildflower Reports]

Currently Blooming Wildflowers in the Columbia River Gorge

May 1, 2005

Columbia Hills Natural Area Preserve (& Stacker Butte)

The photo above shows a close-up of harsh paintbrush Castilleja hispida as seen on hills above the upper parking area for the Columbia Hills Natural Area Preserve.........5/1/2005.

* Indicates a wildflower currently in bloom.
The photo at right shows a close-up of the flower of prairie violet Viola nuttallii as seen at Stacker Butte, May 1, 2005.

*1. Oregon White Oak: Quercus garryana - Beginning bloom at all elevations.

*2. Taper-tipped Onion: Allium accuminatum- Many with well-formed buds.

*3. Bicolored Harvest Lily: Brodiaea howellii - In bloom but going out of bloom at lower elevations.

4. Glacier Lily: Erythronium grandiflorum - Pods are developing.

5. Yellow Bells: Fritillaria pudica- Pods well-developed.

*6. False Solomon Seal: Smilacina racemosa - In bloom only amongst the shrubs on the upper slopes of the north side of the summit.

*7. Heart-leaf Buckwheat (both the yellow and white forms): Eriogonum compositum var. compositum - Both white- and yellow-flowered forms beginning to bloom.

*8. Douglas' Buckwheat: Eriogonum douglasii var. tenue- Many with bright reddish flower buds and a few in bloom.

9. Barestem Buckwheat: Eriogonum nudum - A few with the flower stems elongating up to 30-40 cm high.

*10. Lance-leaf Spring Beauty: Claytonia lanceolata - A few still in bloom on the uppermost, north-facing slopes.

*11. Miner's Lettuce: Claytonia (Montia) perfoliata

*12. Bitterroot: Lewisia rediviva -

*13. Pale Montia: Montia exigua (M. spathulata) - In full bloom.

*14. Line-leaf Montia: Montia linearis - A few in bloom at the pond on the summit ridge.

15. Franklin's Sandwort: Arenaria franklinii var. franklinii - Still in bud.

*16. Jagged Chickweed: Holosteum umbellatum - A number in bloom along the summit ridge.

*17. Chickweed: Stellaria media - A few in bloom.

*18. Upland Larkspur: Delphinium nuttallianum - Mostly in bloom on the uppermost slopes.

*19. Sickle-pod Rock Cress: Arabis sparsiflorus var. atrorubens - Both in bloom and with well-developed fruits.

*20. Oaks Toothwort: Cardamine pulcherrima var. pulcherrima - A few in bloom within the oak forest.

21. Douglas' Draba: Draba douglasii - Leaves only, past bloom.

*22. Scale Pod: Idahoa scapigera -Some still in bloom and with pods at Stacker Butte .

*23. Dagger Pod: Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides - Fairly good bloom still at the uppermost elevations.

*24. Jim Hill Mustard: Sisymbrium altissimum - A few present and in bloom.

*25. Fringe Pod: Thysanocarpus curvipes - A few in bloom with lots of ripe seed pods.

*26. Shining Oregon Grape: Mahonia (Berberis) aquifolium - Blooming in the oak forest.

27. Lance-leaf Stonecrop: Sedum lanceolatum - Flower buds forming.

28. Leiberg's Stonecrop: Sedum leibergii - Flower buds forming.

*29. Bulblet Prairie Star: Lithophragma bulbifera - A few in bloom on north-facing slopes at the highest elevations.

*30. Small-flowerd Prairie Star: Lithophragma parviflora

*31. Northwestern Saxifrage: Saxifraga integrifolia - A few still in bloom on north-facing slopes at the uppermost elevations.

*32. Old Man's Whiskers: Geum triflorum - A few in bloom at the uppermost elevations.

*33. Serviceberry: Amelanchier alnifolia - Beginning to bloom.

*34. Bittercherry: Prunus emarginata var. emarginata - Beginning bloom at the highest elevations, especially at the tops of north-facing slopes.

35. Chokecherry: Prunus virginiana var. melanocarpa - A few in bud on north-facing slopes along the highest ridges.

*36. Woolly-pod Milk-vetch: Astragalus purshii - Several plants with a flower or two still in bloom at the higher elevations.

*37. Yakima Milk-vetch: Astragalus reventiformis - In sparse bloom at all elevations.

*38. Columbia Gorge Broad-leaf Lupine: Lupinus latifolius var. thompsonianus - Sparse bloom this year.

*39. Spurred Lupine: Lupinus arbustus (formerly L. laxiflorus) - A few in bloom.

*40. Whitish Lupine: Lupinus leucopsis (var. mollis ?) (L. sulphureus var. subsacattus) - A few in bloom.

*41. Stony Ground Lupine: Lupinus saxosus ???- See photo below as well as the link to the left for more photos.

*42. Big-head Clover: Trifolium macrocephalum - (bloomed out below, but still a good bloom near the summit)

*43. Filaree: Erodium cicutarium

*44. Prairie Violet: Viola nuttallii - A few in bloom on north-facing slopes at the uppermost elevations.

*45. Chervil: Anthriscus scandicina - A few small plants in bloom.

*46. Fern-leaved Desert Parsley: Lomatium dissectum - Begining bloom in the oak forest above.

47. Pungent Desert Parsley: Lomatium grayi

*48. Slender-fruited Desert Parsley: Lomatium leptocarpum - Fairly common.

*49. Gray-leaf Desert Parsley: Lomatium macrocarpum - White flowered form, a few still in fading bloom at the summit of Stacker Butte.

*50. Bare-stem Desert Parsley: Lomatium nudicaule - Common bloom.

51. Watson's Desert Parsley: Lomatium watsonii - Only in seed.

*52. Desert Shooting Star: Dodecatheon conjugens - A few plants still in bloom on north-facing slopes at the uppermost elevations.

*53. Columbia Frasera: Frasera albicaulis var. columbiana - In bud.

*54. Midget Phlox: Phlox (Microsteris) gracilis - A few in bloom.

*55. Hood's Phlox: Phlox hoodii- Moderate bloom above.

*56. Showy Phlox: Phlox speciosa- Moderate bloom.

*57. Ball-head Waterleaf: Hydrophyllum capitatum var. thompsonii - A few in bloom only in the oak forest on the north side of the Columbia Hills.

*58. Woods Nemophila: Nemophila parviflora - Beginning to bloom in the oak woods.

*59. Varied-leaf Phacelia: Phacelia heterophylla

*60. Fiddleneck: Amsinckia retrorsa-

*61. Weak-stem Cryptantha: Cryptantha flaccida - A few in bloom.

*62. Common Cryptantha: Cryptantha intermedia

*63. Puccoon: Lithospermum ruderale

*64. Small-flowered Forget-me-not: Myosotis micrantha

*65. Harsh Paintbrush: Castilleja hispida - Brilliant, massed bloom in scattered locations.

*66. Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary: Collinsia parviflora - Fairly abundant in the oak forest.

67. Gairdner's Penstemon: Penstemon gairdneri var. gairdneri - A number of plants at very scattered locations in bud.

68. Glandular Penstemon: Penstemon glandulosa - Plants up to 40 cm high along the north edge of the summit.

*69. Naked Broomrape: Orobanche uniflora var. purpurea - In bloom only at the summit.

*70. Annual Bedstraw: Galium aparine var. echinospermum

*71. White Plectritis: Plectritis macrocera - Fading out except on north-facing slopes.

*72. Yarrow: Achillea millefolium - Nearing bloom at mid-slope.

*73. Annual Agoseris: Agoseris heterophylla

*74. Low Pussytoes: Antennaria dimorpha

*75. Heart-leaf Arnica: Arnica cordifolia - A few beginning to bloom.

*76. Arrow-leaf Balsamroot: Balsamhoriza sagittata

*77. Hoary False Yarrow: Chaenactis douglasii -

78. Western Hawksbeard: Crepis occidentalis -

*79. Gold Stars: Crocidium multicaule - A few in bloom only at the summit.

*80. Yellow Desert Daisy: Erigeron linearis - A few beginning to bloom.

*81. Woolly Sunflower: Eriophyllum lanatum - Several in bloom near the summit.

82. Little Sunflower: Helianthella uniflora - Some plants in bud (about 40 cm high) on steep slopes about 100 meters east of the radio direction finder.

*83. False Agoseris: Nothocalais (Microseris) troximoides - A few still in bloom at the summit.

*84. Yellow Western Groundsel: Senecio integerrimus var. exaltus - Beginning bloom.

*85. Common Dandylion: Taraxacum officinale - A few in bloom along the road or in very disturbed places.


Animals Seen in the Columbia Hills/ Stacker Butte:

1. Ravens

2. Horned Larks

3. Meadow Lark

4. American Robin

5. Spotted Towhee

6. Swifts

7. Hummingbird

8. Two Red-tailed Hawks

9. Prairie Falcon

10. Western Fence Lizard

11. Rattlesnake

12. Mule Deer


Paul Slichter