[Wildflowers with 5 Petals Found East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

The Figwort Family East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington


Recently separated into the Linderniaceae, Orobanchaceae, Phrymaceae, Plantaginaceae and Scrophulariaceae

Lovely Penstemon: Penstemon venustus
Lovely Penstemon: Penstemon venustus

Characteristics of the Figwort Family:

This family is characterized by having flowers having 5 united petals, usually forming a 2-lipped corolla, the base surrounded frequently by 4 to 5 united sepasl. The ovary is superior. The stamens are generally 4, but may be as few as 2 or as many as 5. The stems are round with leaves usually opposite.

Members of the Figwort Family Found East of the Cascade Mts. of Oregon & Washington:

False Pimpernel Family: Linderniaceae

Common False Pimpernel Lindernia dubia -

Broomrape Family: Orobanchaceae

NW High Desert Paintbrushes Castilleja species: Scarlet, orange, yellow, or green flowers (bracts). Leaves mostly split at tips into several thin lobes, but occasionally with all leaves entire.

The Bird's Beaks: The Genus Cordylanthus -

Broomrapes: The Genus Orobanche

NW High Desert Owl-clovers: The Genus Orthocarpus

Yellow Parentucellia: Bellardia viscosa (Synonym: Parentucellia viscosa) - Specimen collected at Arlington, OR.

The Louseworts: The Genus Pedicularis -

Monkeyflower Family: Phrymaceae

NW High Desert Monkey Flowers: The Genera Diplacus and Erythranthe

Downy Monkeyflower: Mimetanthe pilosa (Synonym: Mimulus pilosus) -

Plantain Family: Plantaginaceae

King's Snapdragon: Antirrhinum kingii (Synonym: Sairocarpus kingii)

Water Starworts: The Genus Callitriche

Dwarf Snapdragon, Small European Toadflax: Chaenorhinum minus -

The Blue-eyed Marys: The Genus Collinsia -

Hedge Hyssop: The Genus Gratiola -

The Toadflaxes The Genus Linaria

Woodland Beardtongue: Nothochelone nemorosa -

NW High Desert Penstemons: The Genus Penstemon -

Plantains: The Genus Plantago

Kittentails: The Genus Synthyris

Red Besseya : Synthyris rubra

The Tonellas: The Genus Tonella

The Speedwells: The Genus Veronica

Figwort Family: Scrophulariaceae

Southern Mudwort: Limosella acaulis -

Mudwort Limosella aquatica

Lanceleaf Figwort, Lance-leaf Figwort: Scrophularia lanceolata (Synonyms: Scrophularia leporella, Scrophularia nodosa var. occidentalis, Scrophularia occidentalis, Scrophularia pectinata)

The Mulleins: The Genus Verbascum

Paul Slichter E-mail