[Columbia and Great Basin Paintbrushes]
Acute Indian Paintbrush, Harsh Paintbrush
Castilleja hispida var. acuta
Synonyms: Castilleja hispida ssp. acuta, Castilleja taedifera
The photo above shows a close-up of the inflorescence of harsh paintbrush as seen near the summit of Simcoe Butte near the northern boundary of Klickitat County in south-central Washington........June 16, 2007.
Harsh paintbrush is a colorful perennial wildflower found across
much of the west. It consists of a cluster of hairy (hispid) stems arising 20
to 60 cm tall from a woody base. The stems are primarily unbranched and most
often fairly villous or hairy. The leaves are narrowly to broadly lanceolate
with the lower leaves entire and reduced in size while the upper ones larger,
narrower and often with one or two pairs of lateral lobes. Occasionally the
leaves are all entire margined.
The inflorescence is typically striking in coloration. It is
often bright red, scarlet, or even yellow in color. The bracts are wide and
deeply 3-5 lobed and more or less hairy. The calyx is 15-30 mm in length and
deeply and subequally cleft above and below. The lobes are again divided 1-7
mm into two rounded to acute segments. The corolla ranges from 20-40 mm long,
puberulent to pubescent, and equaling the tube in length and five or more times
the length of the dark green, thickened, lower lip.
In Oregon and Washington, hairy paintbrush may be easily confused
with common paintbrush. The latter may be identified by
the entire leaf margins, less hairy foliage, and acutely tipped calyx lobes.
Harsh paintbrush may be found in grasslands and in forest meadows.
Harsh paintbrush may be found across southwestern Canada from
Vancouver Island to southwestern Alberta. It is found southward through northwestern
Montana and northern Idaho to northeastern Oregon and west across Oregon and
Washington to the Pacific coast (as far south as Benton County, OR.).
Harsh paintbrush blooming along Forest Road #3965 about one mile west of the Hells Canyon Overlook, Hells Canyon National Recreation Area......June 11, 2018.
This photo shows harsh paintbrush as seen along the Hells Canyon Rim Road about one-half mile west of the Hells Canyon Scenic Viewpoint in the Hells Canyon NRA.........June 28, 2008.
The photo above shows another close-up of the inflorescence of harsh paintbrush as seen near the summit of Simcoe Butte near the northern boundary of Klickitat County in south-central Washington........June 16, 2007.
Additional close-up photos of acute indian paintbrush as seen at the Lawrence Memorial Grasslands several miles southwest of Shaniko, OR..........May 15, 2010.
Additional close-ups of acute indian paintbrush as seen along Colockum Pass Road northeast of Ellensburg, WA..........July 7, 2012.
Acute indian paintbrush as seen atop Kamiak Butte, Kamiak Butte County Park, Whitman County, Washington..........April 29, 2013.
Harsh paintbrush blooming on the south-facing grasslands of Puffin Butte, Field Springs State Park, Asotin County, WA........June 2, 2017.
Harsh paintbrush in bloom along Forest Road #39 several miles south of the junction with Forest Road #3965, Hells Canyon National Monument.........June 11, 2018.
Harsh paintbrush blooming near the Smoothing Iron Ranch, Asotin Wildlife Area, Asotin County, WA........June 3, 2017.
Note the moderately long galea above. The corolla
of harsh paintbrush is roughly 24-32 mm long, with the galea ranging from 10-14
Note the rounded calyx lobes in the photo above.
Note also that the lobes are split more deeply dorsally and ventrally than laterally.
The calyx ranges from 19-27 mm long.
Leaves, bracts and flowers of harsh paintbrush
from Castilleja Hill, in the Memaloose Hills of the central Columbia River Gorge............April
From left to right are one side of the calyx tube with its 2 rounded lobes, the corolla, the calyx and corolla together, and a stem leaf with 2 pairs of lateral lobes. Note the additional close-ups below.
Yellow "flowered" or bracted hairy paintbrush as seen along Forest Road #4650 east of Dog Fight Corral at the eastern side of Chief Joseph Canyon in the northern Wallowa-Whitman National Forest.........June 26, 2008.
This photo shows a yellow "flowered" or bracted hairy paintbrush as seen along Forest Road #4650 east of Dog Fight Corral at the eastern side of Chief Joseph Canyon in the northern Wallowa-Whitman National Forest.........June 26, 2008.