[The Broomrape Family West of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Paintbrushes West of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington

The Genus Castilleja

Olympic Mountain Paintbrush: Castilleja parviflora var. olympica

Olympic Mountain Paintbrush: Castilleja parviflora var. olympica

Estuarine Paintbrush, Paint-brush Owl-clover, Johnny Nip, Johnny-nip, Salt-marsh Paintbrush: Castilleja ambigua var. ambigua (Synonyms: Castilleja ambigua ssp. ambigua, Orthocarpus castillejoides) -

Wavy-leaf Paintbrush: Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum (Synonym: Castilleja applegatei ssp. pinetorum, Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis, Castilleja pinetorum, Castilleja wherryana) -

Cobwebby Paintbrush: Castilleja arachnoidea (Synonyms: Castileja arachnoidea ssp. arachnoidea, Castilleja arachnoidea var. arachnoidea, Castilleja filifolia, Castilleja payneae) -

Attenuate Indian Paintbrush, Narrowleaf Paintbrush, Valley Tassels, Valley-tassels: Castilleja attenuata (Synonym: Orthocarpus attenuatus) -

Short-lobed Paintbrush: Castilleja brevilobata (Synonym: Castilleja hispida ssp. brevilobata) -

Chamber's Indian Paintbrush, Chambers' Paintbrush: Castilleja chambersii -

Siskiyou Paintbrush, Slender Paintbrush: Castilleja elata (Synonym: Castilleja miniata ssp. elata) -

Exserted Indian Paintbrush, Purple Owl-clovefr: Castilleja exserta var. exserta (Synonym: Orthocarpus purpurascens) - Introduced to Puget Sound from California in the late 1800s. No recent records exist of it in Washington or west of the Cascades in Oregon.

Acute Paintbrush, Acute-tipped Paintbrush, Harsh Paintbrush: Castilleja hispida var. acuta (Synonyms: Castilleja hispida ssp. acuta, Castilleja taedifera) - Collected from Mary's Peak, Oregon Coast Range. Generally found east of the Cascades.

Harsh Paintbrush, Harsh Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja hispida var. hispida (Synonyms: Castilleja angustifolia ssp. abbreviata, Castilleja angustifolia var. hispida, Castilleja hispida ssp. abbreviata, Castilleja hispida ssp. hispida) - Scarlet flowers (bracts), often with green below the tips. Leaves mostly split at tips into 3 thin segments. 6-24 inches tall.

Cutleaf Paintbrush: Castilleja lacera (Synonym: Orthocarpus lacerus) -

Golden Paintbrush, Golden Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja levisecta -

Coast Paintbrush, Oregon Coast Paintbrush, Pacific Paintbrush: Castilleja litoralis (Synonyms: Castilleja affinis, Castilleja affinis ssp. litoralis, Castilleja affinis var. litoralis, Castilleja litoralis) -

Mendocino Coast Paintbrush: Castilleja mendocinensis -

Dixon's Paintbrush, Giant Red Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. dixonii (Synonyms: Castilleja dixonii, Castilleja miniata ssp. dixonii) -

Common Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata var. miniata (Synonyms: Castilleja crispula, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata, Castilleja pallida var. miniata) - Scarlet flowers (bracts). Leaves usually linear & often not split into 3 branches at tip. 6-30 inches tall.

Seep Paintbrush: Castilleja minor var. exilis (Synonyms: Castilleja exilis, Castilleja minor ssp. minor) -

Mountain Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja parviflora var. albida (Synonym: Castilleja oreopola var. albida) -

Olympic Mountain Paintbrush, Olympic Paintbrush: Castilleja parviflora var. olympica (Synonyms: Castilleja olympica, Castilleja oreopola ssp. olympica) -

Majenta Paintbrush: Castilleja parviflora var. oreopola (Synonyms: Castilleja miniata var. alpina, Castilleja oreopola) -

Frosted Paintbrush: Castilleja pruinosa -

Gromwell Paintbrush, Cream Sacs: Castilleja rubicundula ssp. lithospermoides (Synonym: Orthocarpus lithospermoides) -

Cliff Paintbrush, Cliff Indian Paintbrush: Castilleja rupicola (Synonym: Castilleja andrewsii) - Scarlet to orangish-red flowers (bracts). Leaves split into many thin segments. Grows in clumps on cliffs. 6-10 inches tall.

Split-hair Paintbrush: Castilleja schizotricha (Synonym: Castilleja arachnoidea ssp. schizotricha) -

Annual White Paintbrush, Hairy Owl Clover, Thin Paintbrush: Castilleja tenuis (Synonyms: Orthocarpus hispidus, Orthocarpus rarior, Orthocarpus tenuis, Triphysaria hispida) -

Victoria's Paintbrush: Castilleja victoriae -

Paul Slichter E-mail