[The Anemones and Windflowers of the Cascade Mts. of Oregon and Washington]

Drummond's Anemone

Anemone drummondii var. drummondii

Synonyms: Anemone cairnesiana, Anemone californica, Anemone drummondii ssp. drummondii

Flower of Drummond's Anemone: Anemone drummondii var. drummondii (Synonyms: Anemone cairnesiana, Anemone californica, Anemone drummondii ssp. drummondii)
The photo above shows a close-up of the flower of Drummond's anemone as seen on the Highline Trail #114 above 7200' on the northeastern slopes of Mt. Adams.........July 24, 2005. Note the numerous stamens with their oval, yellowish anthers at their tips. The numerous pistils are at center, but hidden by the stamens. The styles are thin, straight and up to 3-4 mm long.

Photo at right of Anemone drummondii from Broken Top.
Characteristics:

Drummond's anemone is difficult to distinguish from cliff anemone (Anemone multifida). The first is usually shorter and more cushion-like, less hairy, and with one flowers per stem . The latter is taller, with up to two flowers per stem.

The basal leaves are divided into several elliptical leflets which are finely and deeply cleft. The basal leaves also have long petioles. A whorl of leaves is found at midstem in addition. These latter stem leaves lack the long petioles.

The flowers are actually five to nine white to purplish sepals. Petals are lacking. The yellow stamens and greenish pistils are centrally located and both are numerous.

The fruits are silky plumes attached to a single achene. This arrangement allows for wind dispersal of the seeds.

This is a fine wildflower for the rock garden, and seems to be very hardy in lowland, west of the Cascades gardens!


Habitat:

Drummond's anemone is found in rocky areas, especially scree and talus slopes, or on moraines in the alpine and subalpine zones of the mountains.


Range:

Drummond's anemone is widely distributed in mountainous areas from Alaska south through British Columbia to the Olympic Mts and Cascades of Washington and Oregon.


Basal leaves of Drummond's Anemone: Anemone drummondii var. drummondii (Synonyms: Anemone cairnesiana, Anemone californica, Anemone drummondii ssp. drummondii) - Basal leaves of Drummond's Anemone: Anemone drummondii var. drummondii (Synonyms: Anemone cairnesiana, Anemone californica, Anemone drummondii ssp. drummondii)

Several photos of basal leaf clusters of drummond's anemone as seen along the user trail between Tam McArthur Rim and Broken Hand, Three Sisters Wilderness..........September 15, 2016.

Drummond's Anemone: Anemone drummondii var. drummondii (Synonyms: Anemone cairnesiana, Anemone californica, Anemone drummondii ssp. drummondii) - Drummond's Anemone: Anemone drummondii var. drummondii (Synonyms: Anemone cairnesiana, Anemone californica, Anemone drummondii ssp. drummondii)

Drummond's anemone observed atop Bear Creek Mountain, Goat Rocks Wilderness......July 31, 2019.

- Drummond's Anemone: Anemone drummondii

Drummond's anemone from scree slopes of Broken Top, Three Sisters Wilderness, central Oregon Cascades.....August 23, 1991.

Paul Slichter