[Irises of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Oregon Flag, Oregon Iris, Tough-leaved Iris

Iris tenax var. tenax

Synonyms: Iris tenax var. gormanii, Iris tenax ssp. klamathensis, Iris tenax var. marshallii, Iris tenax ssp. tenax

Oregon Flag, Oregon Iris, Tough-leaved Iris: Iris tenax var. tenax (Synonyms: Iris tenax var. gormanii, Iris tenax ssp. klamathensis, Iris tenax var. marshallii, Iris tenax ssp. tenax)

Oregon flag blooming along the Chinook Trail #808B on the west side of Silver Star Mountain, Gifford Pinchot National Forest........June 3, 2016.


Habitat:

Moist forest openings, grasslands, and roadsides to middle altitudes.


Characteristics:

1. Flowers large, showy, with 3 large petals and 3 smaller, thin petals. Petals generally lavendar to purple with yellow and cream markings.

2. Leaves thick, somewhat grass-like but wider. The leaves are found at the base of the plant.

3. The Oregon Flag attains a height of about one to feet.


Uses or Importances:

1. The leaves were braided into snares for animal capture.

2. Pretty wildflower. Many have been domesticated & bred for unusual flower color.

3. The boiled root broth was used as a beauty treatment (supposedly it cleared the complexion) and also to treat bruises and sores.


Range:

Oregon flag is found from Grays harbor and Thuyrston Counties, WA, south along the west side of the Cascades to southwestern Oregon.


Oregon Flag, Oregon Iris, Tough-leaved Iris: Iris tenax var. tenax (Synonyms: Iris tenax var. gormanii, Iris tenax ssp. klamathensis, Iris tenax var. marshallii, Iris tenax ssp. tenax) - Oregon Flag, Oregon Iris, Tough-leaved Iris: Iris tenax var. tenax (Synonyms: Iris tenax var. gormanii, Iris tenax ssp. klamathensis, Iris tenax var. marshallii, Iris tenax ssp. tenax) - Oregon Flag, Oregon Iris, Tough-leaved Iris: Iris tenax var. tenax (Synonyms: Iris tenax var. gormanii, Iris tenax ssp. klamathensis, Iris tenax var. marshallii, Iris tenax ssp. tenax)

Oregon flag blooming along the Chinook Trail #808B on the west side of Silver Star Mountain, Gifford Pinchot National Forest........June 3, 2016.

Oregon Flag: Iris tenax


Paul Slichter