[The Valerian Family East of the Cascade Mts. of Oregon and Washington]

Valerians East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington

The Genus Valeriana

Inflorescence & upper stem leaves of Valeriana sitchensis

Mt. Heliotrope: Valerian sitchensis

Downy-fruited Valerian, Forest Valerian: Valeriana acutiloba var. pubicarpa (Synonyms: Valeriana capitata ssp. pubicarpa, Valeriana pubicarpa) - Saucer-shaped clusters of small white flowers atop 1-2 foot stems. Basal leaves largely simple with elliptical, lanceolate, or oblanceolate blades and long petioles. 1-3 pairs of simple to pinnatifid stem leaves, the lobes of these leaves usually less than 1 cm wide. Corolla small, 4-7 mm long with the lobes no longer than half the lengthof the tube. Flowers usually perfect.

California Valerian: Valeriana californica (Synonyms: Valeriana acutiloba var. glabra, Valeriana capitata, Valeriana capitata ssp. californica) -

Wenatchee Valerian: Valeriana columbiana -

Marsh Valerian, Northern Valerian: Valeriana dioica var. sylvatica - From north-central and northeastern Washington

Edible Valerian, Tobacco Root, Tobacco-root: Valeriana edulis var. edulis - Inflorescence is a panicle of yellow-white flowers on stems above numerous, simple, lanceolate to oblanceolate leaves.

Small-flowered Valerian, Western Valerian: Valeriana occidentalis - Corolla small, 2-4 mm long, the lobes about equal in length to the tube. Flowers both perfect or only female. Plants leafy, the lateral lobes of the stem leaves often over 1 cm wide.

Scouler's Valerian: Valeriana hookeri (Synonyms: Valeriana scouleri, Valeriana sitchensis ssp. scouleri, Valeriana sitchensis var. scouleri) -

Mountain Heliotrope, Sitka Valerian: Valeriana sitchensis (Synonyms: Valerianella sitchensis, Valeriana sitchensis var. hookeri, Valeriana sitchensis var. sitchensis) - Corolla 4-9 mm long, the lobes no longer than 1/2 the length of the tube. Plants large with 30-120 cm high stems. Leaves pinnately compound and mostly on the stems, the basal leaves less than to slightly bigger than the stem leaves. 2-5 pairs of leaves are found on the stems. The margins are either wavy, scalloped, or with larger round teeth.


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