The Genus Arctostaphylos
Pinemat Manzanita, Kinnikinnick, Snowmat Manzanita: Arctostaphylos nevadensis (Synonyms: Arctostaphylos nevadensis ssp. nevadensis, Arctostaphylos pungens ssp. nevadensis) - Prostrate shrub to 15 cm in height. Leaves up to 2.5 cm long, glossy green, obovate in shape with a short, sharp, abrupt point at the tip. The berries are brownish-red. Plants typically of subalpine to alpine habitats.
Green-leaf Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula - Erect ot spreading shrubs well over 100 cm high. Leaves yellow-green, ovate to elliptic in shape, typically more than 2.5 cm long. Berries brownish.
Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula x A. uva-ursi -
Kinnikinnick, Bearberry: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - Prostrate shrub to 15 cm in height. Leaves up to 2.5 cm long, glossy green, obovate with rounded to blunt tips. The berries are bright red. Plants typically of lower elevations.