[The Bedstraw Family East of the Cascade Mts. of Oregon and Washington]

Annual Bedstraw, Cleavers, Common Cleavers, Goose-grass, Stickywilly, Stick-willy

Galium aparine

Synonyms: Galium agreste, Galium agreste var. echinospermum, Galium aparine var. aparine, Galium aparine var. echinospermum, Galium apraine var. vaillantii, Galium vaillantii

Annual Bedstraw, Cleavers, Common Cleavers, Goose-grass, Stickywilly, Stick-willy: Galium aparine (Synonyms: Galium agreste, Galium agreste var. echinospermum, Galium aparine var. aparine, Galium aparine var. echinospermum, Galium apraine var. vaillantii, Galium vaillantii)

The photo above shows a cluster of stems of annual bedstraw as seen on talus slopes on the eastern slopes Sutton Mt. which is found several miles south of Twickenham, OR in central Oregon...........April 8, 2007. the numerous hooked hairs on the stems and leaves help hold the stems erect.

Characteristics:

A somewhat weedy species, annual bedstraw or cleavers is easily recognized due to the velcro-like nature of the hooked hairs found all over the square stems and slender leaves. It is an annual with weak, often lax stems. The stems range from 10-100 cm long. The whorls of leaves usually contain 6-8 thin , 1-nerved leaves from 1-4 cm in length.

The inflorescence is small, usually 3-5 flowered and are found arising from a leaf axil. The head of flowers may themselves be subtended by a whorl of small leaves. The minute corollas are greenish-white, 4-lobed, and 1-2 mm wide. The fruit are 2-4 mm long, consisting of 2 globose structures joined in the middle, and covered with numerous hooked hairs which may hitch rides with animals or humans who walk through.


Habitat:

Cleavers is found in open woods which are often somewhat disturbed.


Range:

A wide-ranging plant, cleavers is found over much of the world. It is now common over much of temperate North America. In the Columbia River Gorge, it may be found from the west to east ends between 100'-3600'.


Annual Bedstraw, Cleavers, Common Cleavers, Goose-grass, Stickywilly, Stick-willy: Galium aparine (Synonyms: Galium agreste, Galium agreste var. echinospermum, Galium aparine var. aparine, Galium aparine var. echinospermum, Galium apraine var. vaillantii, Galium vaillantii)

The photo above shows the flowers and hooded fruits of annual bedstraw as seen along Pike Creek on the eastern slopes of the Steens Mt., southeastern Oregon......................June 18, 2004.

Annual Bedstraw, Cleavers, Common Cleavers, Goose-grass, Stickywilly, Stick-willy: Galium aparine (Synonyms: Galium agreste, Galium agreste var. echinospermum, Galium aparine var. aparine, Galium aparine var. echinospermum, Galium apraine var. vaillantii, Galium vaillantii)


Whorled leaves of Annual Bedstraw, Cleavers, Common Cleavers, Goose-grass, Stickywilly, Stick-willy: Galium aparine (Synonyms: Galium agreste, Galium agreste var. echinospermum, Galium aparine var. aparine, Galium aparine var. echinospermum, Galium apraine var. vaillantii, Galium vaillantii)


Paul Slichter