[Analysis of Data]


When calculating significant digits, it is necessary to use proper rounding technique.

The rules of rounding are:

a. Round only the final answer.

b. Carry extra digits on intermediate calculations.

c. Consider only one digit past the last significant digit to determine how to round the last digit.

d. The digit to the right of 5 rounds to an even number.



*3.548 rounds to 3.5. (Ignore the 8, just consider the 4. The 5 remains unchanged.)

*3.758 rounds to 3.8. (Ignore the 8, Since 5 rounds to even, the 7 rounds to 8.)

*3.458 rounds to 3.4. (Since rounds to even, the 4 remains because it is even.)


Courtesy of the Student Watershed Research Project.