[Succession Notes]

Examples of Primary Succession

Primary succession will begin after the following:

A) Glaciation (Continental glaciers & Alpine glaciers) - Plants and other life colonize the bare rock.

B) Volcanic Lava Flows - Ex.: Hawaii, Columbia Basalts of ancient Oregon.

C) Volcanic Explosions - Mt. St. Helens, Mt. Mazama (Crater Lake)

D) Faulting raising sea floor -

All of the above examples provide pioneer plants with bare rock or soil to begin succession with.