[Wildflowers with 5 Petals West of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

The Violet Family West of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington

Violaceae

Round-leaf Violet: Viola orbiculata

Long-spurred Violet, Western Longspur Violet, Hookedspur Violet, Early Blue Violet: Viola adunca (Synonynms: Viola adunca var. adunca, Viola adunca var. bellidifolia, Viola adunca var. cascadensis, Viola adunca ssp. oxyceras, Viola adunca var. oxyceras, Viola adunca var. uncinulata, Viola bellidifolia, Viola cascadensis) - Flowers purple or violet, often with white throat with purple pencilling. Spur behind petals is slender & 1/2 the length of the lowest petal. Leaves lance-shaped.

Cultivated Pansy, Small Wild Pansy, European Field Pansy: Viola arvensis -

Baker Violet, Baker's Violet, Yellow Prairie Violet: Viola bakeri (Synonym: Viola nuttallii var. bakeri) -

Beckwith's Violet: Viola beckwithii (Synonym: Viola beckwithii var. beckwithii) - ?

Canadian White Violet, Canada Violet: Viola canadensis var. rugulosa -

Wedge-leaf Violet: Viola cuneata -

Douglas Violet, Golden Violet: Viola douglasii -

Flett's Violet, Olympic Violet: Viola flettii -

Stream Violet, Pioneer Violet : Viola glabella - Yellow flowers with 5 petals of different shapes. The lower petal has lines on it. Leaves are heart-shaped. Herbaceous wildflower to 6 inches tall.

Hall's Violet, Oregon Violet: Viola hallii -

Howell's Violet: Viola howellii -

Lance-leaved Violet: Viola lanceolata (Synonym: Viola lanceolata ssp. lanceolata) -

Aleutian Violet, Langsdorf's Violet: Viola langsdorfii (Synonym: Viola superba) -

Northern Pine Violet: Viola lobata ssp. integrifolia (Synonym: Viola lobata var. integrifolia) -

Pine Violet: Viola lobata ssp. lobata (Synonyms: Viola lobata var. lobata, Viola psychodes) -

Small White Violet: Viola mackloskeyi -

Pinto Violet, Western Heart's Ease: Viola ocellata -

Sweet Violet, Sweet Blue Violet: Viola odorata -

Round-leaf Violet, Round-leaved Violet, Darkwoods Violet, Evergreen Yellow Violet: Viola orbiculata - Flowers yellow. Leaves thin, heart shaped, but about as broad as long with rounded tips. No purple flecks appear on the leaf surface. The leaves do not persist through the winter.

Marsh Violet: Viola palustris - Flowers white to lavendar with green to lilac-tinged purple lines on the lower 3 petals. Leaves oval or kidney-shaped to broadly heart-shaped, 2.5-3.5 cm wide. Flowers and leaves arise independently from the rhizome. Common in moist meadows and along streams.

Upland Yellow Violet, Wavyleaf Violet: Viola praemorsa ssp. linguifolia (Synonyms: Viola flavovirens, Viola nuttallii var. major, Viola praemorsa ssp. flavovirens, Viola praemorsa ssp. major, Viola praemorsa ssp. oregona, Viola vallicola var. major) -

Canary Violet, Upland Yellow Violet: Viola praemorsa ssp. praemorsa (Synonyms: Viola nuttallii ssp. praemorsa, Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa) -

Western Bog Violet: Viola primulifolia ssp. occidentalis -

Goosefoot Violet, Mountain Violet: Viola purpurea ssp. integrifolia -

Goosefoot Violet: Viola purpurea ssp. purpurea (Synonym: Viola purpurea ssp. dimorpha) -

Oak Woods Violet: Viola purpurea ssp. quercetorum (Synonym: Viola quercetorum) -

Goosefoot Violet, Goosefoot Yellow Violet, Purplish Violet: Viola purpurea ssp. venosa (Synonyms: Viola purpurea ssp. geophyta, Viola purpurea var. venosa) -

Redwood Violet, Redwoods Violet, Evergreen Violet: Viola sempervirens -

Shelton's Violet, Fan Violet, Cutleaf Violet: Viola sheltonii (Synonym: Viola biternata) -

Northern Bog Violet: Viola sororia ssp. affinis (Synonym: Viola nephrophylla var. nephrophylla) -

Johnny Jumpup, Wild Pansy: Viola tricolor -


Paul Slichter E-mail