[Ocean Sprays: The Genus Holodiscus West of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Creambush, Creambush Oceanspray, Ocean-spray, Indian Arrowwood

Holodiscus discolor

Synonyms: Holodiscus discolor var. delnortensis, Holodiscus discolor var. discolor, Holodiscus discolor var. franciscanus, Holodiscus discolor var. glabrescens


Characteristics:

Ocean spray is an attractive shrub with many erect or spreading stems and numerous sprays of pendant flowers. It is well suited for use in the woodland garden. The stems arise 1-3 meters in height, and the branches are slender, angled, and often arching. The bark is a deep grayish-red. The leaves alternate on the stems. The petioles are 10-15 mm long and the blades are 3-10 cm long. The blades are ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a rounded base and 15-25 shallow lobes which are coarsely toothed.

The numerous flowers are found in diffuse panicle from 10-17 cm long. The flowers are each about 5 mm wide, the petals barely exceeding the sepals. The petals are white or cream colored.


Importance:

Native Americans used the straight hardwood of the branches for arrow shafts, and the fruits were also eaten. The leaves and stems are heavily browsed on winter ranges. Ocean spray may also be used as an ornamental native shrub.


Habitat:

Ocean spray is found on gravelly or rocky soils from coastal bluffs to open to moist upland forests.


Range:

Ocean spray may be found west of the Cascade Mountains from British Columbia south to southern California. It may be found east to western Montana, northern Idaho, and northeastern Oregon.


Creambush, Oceanspray, Ocean-spray: Holodiscus discolor (Synonyms: Holodiscus discolor var. delnortensis, Holodiscus discolor var. discolor, Holodiscus discolor var. franciscanus, Holodiscus discolor var. glabrescens)

Ocean spray in bloom along the Springwater Trail between Gresham, OR and Boring, OR..........July 20, 2011.

Creambush, Oceanspray, Ocean-spray: Holodiscus discolor (Synonyms: Holodiscus discolor var. delnortensis, Holodiscus discolor var. discolor, Holodiscus discolor var. franciscanus, Holodiscus discolor var. glabrescens)

Ocean spray observed on rocky slopes along the Pacific Crest Trail #2000 about one mile or so west of Cook and Green Pass, Klamath National Forest......July 14, 2020.

Dorsal leaf surface of splendens/splendens07-14-2020a.jpgVentral leaf surface of splendens/splendens07-14-2020a.jpg


Paul Slichter