[False Hellebores: The Genus Veratrum in Mt. Adams Country]

American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke

Veratrum viride var. eschscholtzianum

Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii

Close-up of a flower of American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii)

A close-up of the flower of green false hellebore as seen in meadows adjacent to Hellroaring Creek along the Island Springs Trail #11.........August 11, 2006. Note the heavily veined tepals and the yellowish stamens which are opposite the tepals.

Early spring growth of American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii)

The emerging tips of new growth on green false hellebore can often be seen extending from thin patches of snow early in the season. Photographed at Bird Creek Meadows on July 16, 2006.

American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii) - American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii) - Drooping panicle branches of  American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii)

The photo at left shows the broad leaves of the lower stem and drooping panicle branches of the inflorescence of green false hellebore as seen at Shorthorn Creek along the Shorthorn Trail in the Mt. Adams Wilderness........August 24, 2008. The photo at center shows the down-ward growing branches of the inflorescence of green false hellebore as seen in a moist meadow adjacent to the eastern loop of the picnic area trail in Bird Creek Meadows at the southeastern corner of Mt. Adams.........July 30, 2005. The photo at right shows the drooping panicles that are characteristic of green false hellebore as seen at Muddy Meadows on the northern slopes of Mt. Adams.........August 7, 2005.

Close-up of a flower of American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii)

The photo above shows a close-up of the flower of green false hellebore as seen in a moist meadow adjacent to the eastern loop of the picnic area trail in Bird Creek Meadows at the southeastern corner of Mt. Adams..........July 30, 2005. Note that the tepals appear whitish, but a close look at the inflorescence in the photo below shows that the panicle branches droop, thus this green false hellefore.

Seed pods of American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii)

The photo above shows the upward pointing fruits of green false hellebore as seen on the south-facing slopes of the Ridge of Wonders immediately to the west of Little Mt. Adams.........September 8, 2001.

Inflorescence of  American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii) - Panicle branch of  American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii) - Panicle branch of  American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii)

Flowers of  American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii) -  American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii) -  American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii)

Green false hellebore, with a few cream-flowered plants as seen in a riparian area along the trail up from the Bird Creek Meadows Picnic Area loop up to the Hellroaring Overlook, Yakama Nation lands at the southeast corner of Mount Adams.........July 20, 2015.

Panicle branch of American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii) - Maturing fruits of American Wild Hellebore, Green False Hellebore, Indian Poke: Veratrum viride var. eschscholtziianum (Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholtzianum, Veratrum eschscholtzii, Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum, Veratrum viride ssp. eschscholtzii, Veratrum viride var. escholtzii)

A panicle branch of green false hellebore as seen at left along the uppermost portion of the Stagman Ridge Trail #12, Mt. Adams Wilderness........August 7, 2020.The photo at right shows several upper branches of green false hellebore with developing fruits as observed at Bird Creek Meadows near the Trail of Wildflowers, Mt. Adams......August 30, 2021.
Paul Slichter